2.1b: Research methods experiments

studied byStudied by 3 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Kohlberg

1 / 27

Tags and Description

12th

28 Terms

1

Kohlberg

Conducted ‘Child as a moral philosopher‘ study.

New cards
2

75

Amount of children in the ‘Child as a moral philosopher‘ study.

New cards
3

Punishment and obedience

Stage one of preconventional morality, where a child defines ‘wrong‘ behaviour as that which recieves punishment.

New cards
4

Instrumental purpose

Stage two of preconventional morality, where a child defines ‘right’ behaviour as that which satisfy their own needs/wants.

New cards
5

Interpersonal cooperation

Stage three of conventional morality, where a child defines ‘right‘ as what is expected by others and leads to praise.

New cards
6

Social order maintaining

Fourth stage of conventional morality, where a child defines ‘right‘ as what social roles and norms defined by a larger social system believe.

New cards
7

Social contract orientation

Stage five of post-conventional morality, where laws are flexible and should change if they don’t correspond with people’s rights and majority interest.

New cards
8

Universal ethical principles

Stage six of post-conventional morality, where morality is determined by abstract moral principles and are chosen over the law.

New cards
9

Gilligan

Disputed Kohlberg’s findings as there is evidence females focus on personal relationships over justice, and said his dilemmas were too complex for young children to fully understand, as well as not being realistic.

New cards
10

Burton

Disputed Kohlberg’s findings by claiming that behaviour is more influenced by outside factors, such as punishment, than moral principles.

New cards
11

Milgram

Conducted the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
12

Teacher and learner

Roles that were assigned to the participants in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
13

‘You have no choice but to continue‘

Highest level of prod in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
14

‘Please continue‘

Lowest level of prod in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
15

300

All participants reached this level of volts.

New cards
16

65

Percentage of participants who reached maximum voltage (450V).

New cards
17

Milgram’s agency

Theory of obedience devised by Milgram.

New cards
18

Autonomous state

Part of Milgram’s agency theory where people direct their own actions and take responsibility for them.

New cards
19

Agentic state

Part of Milgram’s agency theory where people act as agents to the will of an authority figure, and place responsibility on them for their actions. This authority figure is percieved as qualified, an authority and able to take responsibility for the agent’s actions.

New cards
20

Ornell and Holland

Claimed the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘ lacked experimental realism, so people didn’t actually think they were electrocuting people.

New cards
21

Baumrind

Said informed consent was prevented as they didn’t know the true aims of the study in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
22

$4.50

Financial incentive offered to those who participated in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
23

83.7

Percentage of participants who were glad to have participated in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
24

1.3

Percentage of participants who regretted participating in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
25

40

Number of participants in the ‘behavioural study of obedience‘.

New cards
26

10-16

Youngest age group used in the ‘child as a moral philosopher‘ study.

New cards
27

22-28

Oldest age group used in the ‘child as a moral philosopher‘ study.

New cards
28

9

Amount of different moral dilemmas in the ‘child as a moral philosopher‘ study.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 53356 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(282)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 96 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(7)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard27 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 274 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 121 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)