Unit 3 - Culture Vocab

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Acculturation

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Geography

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31 Terms

1

Acculturation

adoption of cultural traits, such as language, by one group under the influence of another

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2

Architecture

the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings.

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3

Artifacts

The material manifestation of culture, including tools, housing, systems of land use, clothing, etc. "What a culture uses"

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4

Assimilation

the process of a person or group losing the cultural traits that made them distinct from the people around them

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5

Branch

a major division within a religion

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6

Caste System

a rigid set of social classes that provides privileges for the higher classes and limits on the lower classes - a person is born in a caste and castes only change upon reincarnation

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7

Creole or creolized language

a language that began as a combination of two other languages and is spoken as the primary language of a group of people

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8

Cultural convergence

when two cultures become more similar because of frequent interactions

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9

Cultural divergence

when a culture splits into different cultures because of lack of interaction

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10

Cultural relativism

the idea that a person's beliefs, values, and practices should be understood based on that person's own culture, rather than be judged through the eyes of another culture

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11

dialect

different forms of the same language used by groups that have some different vocabulary and pronunciations

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12

diaspora

the scattering a of people from their homeland (especially the Jews from the Holy Land)

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13

Indigenous (Folk/Ethnic) Culture

the cultural traditions that are generally held by a specific ethnic group, often localized in a specific area

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14

Indigenous language

a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people

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15

Indigenous people

the original settlers of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled the area more recently

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16

Language extinction

a language that is no longer spoken by anyone as their native language

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17

Language family

a collection of languages that are all descended from an original, proto-language

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18

Lingua franca

a language that groups of people who don't speak the same language use to communicate often for trade or business

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19

Mentifacts

the central, enduring elements of a culture expressing its values and beliefs, including language, religion, folklore, and etc. "What a culture believes"

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20

Multiculturalism

when various ethnic groups coexist with one another without having to sacrifice their particular identities

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21

Pilgrimage

a journey to a location that has religious significance

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22

Secularism

a philosophy that interprets life on principles taken solely from the material world, without recourse to religion.

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23

Sense of place

a strong feeling of identity that is deeply felt by inhabitants and visitors of a location

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24

Sequent occupance

the idea that the current cultural landscape is a combination of all the societies who lived there previously and the changes each group made

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25

Sociofacts

the institutions and links between individuals and groups that unite a culture, including family structure and political, educational and religious institutions. "What a culture does"

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26

Syncretism

the blending traits from two different cultures to form a new trait

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27

taboo

something that is forbidden by a culture or a religion, sometimes so forbidden that it is often not even discussed

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28

Universalizing religion

a religion that attempts to appeal to all people and has a worldwide focus as opposed to a regional focus

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29

Ethnic Religion

a religion that is focused on a single ethnic group (often in a centralized area) that doesn't attempt to appeal to all people

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30

Ethnocentrism

judging people or traditions based on your own cultural standards

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31

Gender

Cultural differences in the expectations of behavior by men and women in a specific society

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