AP Lit final poetry quiz

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in fundamentals of poetry packet TEST 01/31/24

71 Terms

1

meter

pattern of stressed (accented) and unstressed (unaccented) syllables established in a line of poetry

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2

foot

unit of meter (can have two or more syllables)

  • generally consists of 1 stressed and 1 or more unstressed syllable

  • a line can have 1 or 2 or 3 feet

  • poetic lines are classified according to the number of feet in a line

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3

iamb

  • 2 syllable

  • unstressed, stressed

  • most comon in english

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4

trochee

  • 2 syllable

  • stressed, unstressed

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5

anapest

  • 3 syllables

  • unstressed, unstressed, stressed

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6

spondee

  • 2 syllables

  • both stressed

  • often in compound words

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7

dactyl

  • 3 syllables

  • stress, unstressed, unstressed

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8

pyrrhic

  • 2 syllables

  • both unstressed

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9

monometer

1 foot

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10

dimeter

2 foot

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11

trimeter

3 foot

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12

tetrameter

4 foot

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13

pentameter

5 foot

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14

hexameter

6 foot

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15

heptameter

7 foot

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16

octometer

8 foot

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17

rhymed verse

verse with end rhyme and usually with a regular meter

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18

blank verse

lines of iambic pentameter without end rhyme

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19

free verse

lines that don’t have regular meter and don’t contain rhyme

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20

rhyme

similarity of likeness of sound existing betw 2 words

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21

slant rhyme

imperfect or incomplete correspondence of end syllable sounds

  • common in emily dickinson

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22

end rhyme

consists of the similarity occuring at the end of two or more lines of verse

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23

internal rhyme

consists of the similarity rhyme occuring between two or more words in the same line of verse

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24

masculine rhyme

when 1 syllable of a word rhymes with another word

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25

feminine rhyme

last 2 syllables of a word rhyme wiht another word

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26

triple rhyme

the last 3 syllables rhyme of a word or line rhyme

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27

rhyme scheme

pattern or sequence in which the rhyme occurs

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28

alliteration

repetition of initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line of verse

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29

onomatopoeia

use of word to represent or imitate natural sounds

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30

assonance

similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words

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31

consonance

repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse

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32

refrain

repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually at end of a stanza

  • often takes the form of chorus

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33

repetition

reiterating of a word or phrase within a poem

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34

figure of speech

expression in which the words are used in a nonliteral sense to present a figure, picture, or image

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35

simile

direct or explicit comparison between two usually unrelated things indicating a likeness or similarity between some attribute found in both things (uses like or as)

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36

metaphor

implied comparison between 2 usually unrelated things indicating a likeness or analogy between attributes found in both things

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37

personification

giving human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals

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38

synecdoche

technique of mentioning a part of smth to represent the whole

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39

metonymy

substitution of a word naming an object for another word closely associated with it

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40

symbol

word or image that signifies smth other than what it literally represents

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41

allegory

narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface one

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42

overstatement

exagerration for the sake of emphasis and is not to be taken literally

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43

understatement

consists of saying less than one means, or of saying waht one means with less force than the occassion warrants

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44

antithesis

balancing or contrasting of one term against another

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45

apostrophe

addressing of someone or smth usually not present, as though present

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46

dramatic irony

device by which the author implies a different meaning from that intended by the speaker in a literaly worik

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47

irony of situation

situation in which there is an incongruity between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate or between what is anticipated and what actually comes to pass

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48

verbal irony

figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said

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49

paradox

statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements

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50

oxymoron

figure of speech that combines 2 contradictory wors placed side by side

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51

stanza

division of a poem based on thought or form

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52

couplet

2 line stanza

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53

triplet

3 line stanza

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54

quatrain

4 line stanza

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55

sestet

6 line stanza

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56

septet

7 line stanza

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57

octave

8 line stanza

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58

heroic couplet

consists of two successive rhyming verses that contain a complete thought within the 2 lines

  • also called closed couplet

  • usually iambic pentameter lines

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59

terza rima

3 line stanza form with an interlaced or interwoven rhyme scheme

  • usually iambic pentameter

  • rhyme scheme - a-b-a, b-c-b, c-d-c, d-e-d

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60

limerick

5 line nonsense poem with anapestic meter

  • rhyme scheme - a-a-b-b-a

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61

ballad stanza

consists of 4 lines with a rhyme scheme of a-b-c-b

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62

rime royal

stanza consisting of 7 lines in iambic pentameter rhyming a-b-a-b-b-c-c

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63

ottava rima

consists of 8 iambic pentameter lines with a rhyme scheme of a-b-a-b-a-b-c-c

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64

spenserian stanza

9 line stanza consisting of 8 iambic pentameter lines followed by an alexandrine (a line of iambic hexamter)

  • rhyme shceme - a-b-a-b-b-c-b-c-c

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65

sonnet

14 line stanza form consisting of iambic pentameter lines

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66

villanelle

consists of 5 tercets (3 lines rhyming tgt) and a quatrain in which the first and third lines of the opening tercet recur alternately at the end of the other tercets and together as the last 2 lines of the quatrain

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67

elegy

usually a poem that mourns the death of an individual, the absence of something deeply loved, or the transience of mankind

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68

lyric

most widely used type of poem so diverse in its format that a rigid definition is impossible

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69

ode

exalted, complex rapturous lyric poem written about a dignified, lofty subject

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70

italian sonnet

division within an octave set (8) and a sestet set (6)

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71

english/shakespearean sonnet

3 quatrains and concluding couplet

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