Unit 4: Congress

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17th Amendment

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US Congress

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17th Amendment

Required voters to select Senators

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Continuous body

Not all members of a governing body are up for election at the same time

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Senator Qualifications

  1. 30 years of Age

  2. Resident of state they serve

  3. Citizen

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THOR Qualifications

  1. 25 years of Age

  2. Resident of state they serve

  3. Citizen

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THOR/Senate Similarities

  1. Make/Create Laws

  2. Resident & Citizenship Requirements

  3. Unlimited Terms

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THOR/Senate Differences

  1. Number of Members

  2. Length of Terms

  3. Number of People the Represent

  4. Election Format

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Term

Duration in years of an office

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THOR

The House of Representatives. Elected to represent a district of a state. Based on population (435 total)

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Senator

2 representatives elected to represent and entire state (100 total)

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Function (Job) of Congress

Create/Make laws

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Bicameralism

Format of a governing body having 2 chambers (houses)

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Checks & Balances

System that limits one groups power over another

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Federalism

State & National Government working together

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Session

The time in which congress is scheduled to work

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recess

The time in which congress is scheduled to not work

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Apportion(ment)

distribution of representation evenly (usually based on population)

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reapportion(ment)

Redistributing of representatives after district lines have been redrawn.

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Off-year election

Midterm Election, election that doesn’t involve electing a president

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At Large system

A system where a whole state selects someone to represent them

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Single district voting

A system where only members of a district vote for a candidate from that district.

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Gerrymander(ing)

Manipulating (changing) district lines to change the outcome of a vote

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Michigan US Senator (2001)

Debbie Stabenow

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Michigan US Senator (2015)

Gary Peters

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6th District of Michigan Representative

Fred Upton

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