EXS345 Exam 3 - Lower extremities and Trunk

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Degrees of hip flexion

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129 Terms

1

Degrees of hip flexion

To 125°

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2

Degrees of hip extension

Hyperextension to 15°

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3

Degrees of hip abduction

To 45°

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4

Degrees of hip adduction

To 30°

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5

Degrees of medial rotation

Through 50°

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6

Degrees of lateral rotation

Through 50°

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7

Degrees of knee flexion

To 145°

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8

Degrees of knee extension

To 2°

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9

Degrees of dorsiflexion

20°

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10

Degrees of plantarflexion

To 50°

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11

Degrees of Atlantooccipital flexion

15°

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12

degrees of alantoaxial flexion/extension

10°

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13

Degrees of alantoaxial rotaion

50°

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14

Degrees of c3-c7 flexion/rotation

90°

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15

Degrees of c3-c7 extension

70°

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16

Degrees of c3-c7 lateral rotation

45°

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17

Degrees of thoracic flexion/extension

3°-12°

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18

Degrees of thoracic lateral flexion

2-9°

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19

Degrees of lumbar flexion

59°

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20

Degrees of lumbar extension

37°

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21

Degrees of lumbar lateral flexion

26°

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22

Degrees of lumbar rotation

18°

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23

Degrees of spinal flexion/extension

140°

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24

Degrees of spinal lateral flexion

85°

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25

Degrees of trunk flexion

140°

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26

Prime movers of hip flexion

Iliacus, psoas major (iliopsoas muscle group)

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27

Synergists of hip flexion

Pectineus, Rectus Femoris, Sartorius, Tensor Fasciae Latae

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28

Prime movers of hip extension

Gluteus maximus, Biceps Femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus

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29

Synergist of hip extension

Adductor Magnus

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30

Prime movers of hip abduction

Gluteus medius, Gluteus minimus

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31

Synergists of hip abduction

Piriformis, Rectus femoris, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae

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32

Prime movers of hip adduction

Adductor longus, Adductor brevis, Adductor magnus

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33

Synergists of hip adduction

Gracilis, Pectineus

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34

Prime mover of medial rotation

Gluteus Medius, Gluteus minimus

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35

Synergists of medial rotation

Adductors, Gracilis, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus

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36

Prime mover of lateral rotation

Gluteus Maximus

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37

Synergists of lateral rotation

Obturator Externus, Obturator internus, Obturator femoris, Sartorius

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38

Prime mover of knee flexion

Biceps femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus

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39

Synergists of knee flexion

Gastrocnemius, Popliteas

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40

Prime mover of knee extension

Rectus femoris, Vastus lateralis, Vastus intermedius, Vastus medialis

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41

Synergists of knee extension

No true synergist

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42

Prime mover of dorsiflexion

Tibialis anterior

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43

Synergists of dorsiflexion

Peroneus, Extensor digitorum longus, Extensor hallucis longus

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44

Prime mover of plantarflexion

Gastrocnemius, soleus

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45

Synergists of plantarflexion

Tibialis posterior, Plantaris

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46

Prime mover of trunk flexion

Rectus abdominus

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47

Synergists of trunk flexion

Internal & External obliques, illiopsoas

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48

Prime mover of head and neck flexion

Sternocleidomastoid and Scaleni

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49

Iliacus origins

Inner surface of ilium, sacrum

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50

Iliacus insertion

Lesser trochanter

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51

Psoas major origin

Transverse processes & body L1-T12

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52

Psoas major insertion

Lesser trochanter

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53

Pectinous origin

Pectineal line

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54

Pectinous insertion

Below lesser trochanter

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55

Rectus femoris origin

Anterior iliac spine

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56

Rectus femoris insertion

Tibial tuberosity

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57

Sartorius origin

Anterior iliac spine

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58

Sartorius insertion

Medial tibia

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59

Tensor Fasciae Latae origin

Anterior iliac spine

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60

Tensor Fasciae Latae insertion

Ilitibial tract (IT Tract)

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61

Gluteus Maximus origin

Posterior Ilium, sacrum, coccyx

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62

Gluteus Maximus insterion

Gluteal Tuberosity, IT tract

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63

Biceps Femoris origin

Ischial Tuberosity

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64

Biceps Femoris insertion

Lateral condyle of tibia, head of fibula

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65

Semitendinosus Origin

Ischial tuberosity

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66

Semitendinosus insertion

Medial tibia

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67

Semimembranosus origin

Ischial tuberosity

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68

Semimembranosus insertion

Medial condyle of tibia

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69

Adductor Magnus origin

Anterior pubis, Ischial tuberostiy

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70

Adductor magnus insertion

Linea aspera, adductor tubercle

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71

Gluteus medius origin

Lateral ilium

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72

Gluteus Medius insertion

Front of greater trochanter

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73

Gluteus Minimus origin

Lower ilium

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74

Gluteus minimus insertion

Front of greater trochanter

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75

Piriformis origin

Anterior lateral sacrum

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76

Piriformis insertion

Superior greater trochanter

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77

Adductor Longus origin

Inferior pubis

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78

Adductor longus insertion

Posterior femur

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79

Adductor brevis origin

Inferior pubis

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80

Adductor brevis insertion

Upper posterior femur

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81

Gracilis origin

Inferior pubis

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82

Gracilis insertion

Medial tibia

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83

Obtruator externus origin

Margin of obtruator foramen

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84

Obtruator externus insertion

Greater trochanter

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85

Obtruator internus origin

Ischial tuberosity

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86

Obtruator internus insertion

Greater trochanter

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87

Gastrocnemius origin

Condyles of femur

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88

Gastrocnemius insertion

Calcaneus

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89

Popliteus origin

Lateral condyle of femur

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90

Popliteus insertion

Proximal tibia

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91

Vastus lateralis origins

IT Line, Linea aspera

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92

Vastus Lateralis insertion

Tibial tuberosity

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93

Vastus medialis origins

Linea aspera, trochanteric line

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94

Vastus medialis insertion

TIbial tuberosity

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95

Vastus intermedius origin

Anterior lateral femur

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96

Vastus intermedius insertion

Tibial tuberosity

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97

Tibialis anterior origins

Upper lateral tibia, IS Membrane

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98

TIbialis anterior insertion

Cuneiform

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99

Peroneus Tertius Origins

Lower anterior fibula, IS membrane

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100

Peroneus Tertius insertion

Base of 5th metatarsal

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