EXS345 Exam 3 - Lower extremities and Trunk

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Degrees of hip flexion

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Degrees of hip flexion

To 125°

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Degrees of hip extension

Hyperextension to 15°

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Degrees of hip abduction

To 45°

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Degrees of hip adduction

To 30°

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Degrees of medial rotation

Through 50°

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Degrees of lateral rotation

Through 50°

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Degrees of knee flexion

To 145°

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Degrees of knee extension

To 2°

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Degrees of dorsiflexion

20°

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Degrees of plantarflexion

To 50°

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Degrees of Atlantooccipital flexion

15°

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degrees of alantoaxial flexion/extension

10°

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Degrees of alantoaxial rotaion

50°

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Degrees of c3-c7 flexion/rotation

90°

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Degrees of c3-c7 extension

70°

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Degrees of c3-c7 lateral rotation

45°

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Degrees of thoracic flexion/extension

3°-12°

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Degrees of thoracic lateral flexion

2-9°

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Degrees of lumbar flexion

59°

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Degrees of lumbar extension

37°

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Degrees of lumbar lateral flexion

26°

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Degrees of lumbar rotation

18°

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Degrees of spinal flexion/extension

140°

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Degrees of spinal lateral flexion

85°

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Degrees of trunk flexion

140°

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Prime movers of hip flexion

Iliacus, psoas major (iliopsoas muscle group)

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Synergists of hip flexion

Pectineus, Rectus Femoris, Sartorius, Tensor Fasciae Latae

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Prime movers of hip extension

Gluteus maximus, Biceps Femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus

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Synergist of hip extension

Adductor Magnus

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Prime movers of hip abduction

Gluteus medius, Gluteus minimus

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Synergists of hip abduction

Piriformis, Rectus femoris, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae

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Prime movers of hip adduction

Adductor longus, Adductor brevis, Adductor magnus

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Synergists of hip adduction

Gracilis, Pectineus

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Prime mover of medial rotation

Gluteus Medius, Gluteus minimus

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Synergists of medial rotation

Adductors, Gracilis, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus

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Prime mover of lateral rotation

Gluteus Maximus

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Synergists of lateral rotation

Obturator Externus, Obturator internus, Obturator femoris, Sartorius

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Prime mover of knee flexion

Biceps femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus

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Synergists of knee flexion

Gastrocnemius, Popliteas

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Prime mover of knee extension

Rectus femoris, Vastus lateralis, Vastus intermedius, Vastus medialis

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Synergists of knee extension

No true synergist

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Prime mover of dorsiflexion

Tibialis anterior

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Synergists of dorsiflexion

Peroneus, Extensor digitorum longus, Extensor hallucis longus

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Prime mover of plantarflexion

Gastrocnemius, soleus

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Synergists of plantarflexion

Tibialis posterior, Plantaris

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Prime mover of trunk flexion

Rectus abdominus

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Synergists of trunk flexion

Internal & External obliques, illiopsoas

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Prime mover of head and neck flexion

Sternocleidomastoid and Scaleni

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Iliacus origins

Inner surface of ilium, sacrum

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Iliacus insertion

Lesser trochanter

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Psoas major origin

Transverse processes & body L1-T12

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Psoas major insertion

Lesser trochanter

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Pectinous origin

Pectineal line

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Pectinous insertion

Below lesser trochanter

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Rectus femoris origin

Anterior iliac spine

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Rectus femoris insertion

Tibial tuberosity

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Sartorius origin

Anterior iliac spine

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Sartorius insertion

Medial tibia

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Tensor Fasciae Latae origin

Anterior iliac spine

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Tensor Fasciae Latae insertion

Ilitibial tract (IT Tract)

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Gluteus Maximus origin

Posterior Ilium, sacrum, coccyx

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Gluteus Maximus insterion

Gluteal Tuberosity, IT tract

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Biceps Femoris origin

Ischial Tuberosity

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Biceps Femoris insertion

Lateral condyle of tibia, head of fibula

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Semitendinosus Origin

Ischial tuberosity

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Semitendinosus insertion

Medial tibia

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Semimembranosus origin

Ischial tuberosity

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Semimembranosus insertion

Medial condyle of tibia

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Adductor Magnus origin

Anterior pubis, Ischial tuberostiy

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Adductor magnus insertion

Linea aspera, adductor tubercle

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Gluteus medius origin

Lateral ilium

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Gluteus Medius insertion

Front of greater trochanter

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Gluteus Minimus origin

Lower ilium

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Gluteus minimus insertion

Front of greater trochanter

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Piriformis origin

Anterior lateral sacrum

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Piriformis insertion

Superior greater trochanter

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Adductor Longus origin

Inferior pubis

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Adductor longus insertion

Posterior femur

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Adductor brevis origin

Inferior pubis

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Adductor brevis insertion

Upper posterior femur

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Gracilis origin

Inferior pubis

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Gracilis insertion

Medial tibia

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Obtruator externus origin

Margin of obtruator foramen

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Obtruator externus insertion

Greater trochanter

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