Language of Medicine- Exam 1

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Adenoma

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396 Terms

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Adenoma

tumor of a gland

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Adenitis

inflammation of a gland

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3

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

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4

biology

The study of life

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5

biopsy

removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope

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6

carcinoma

cancerous tumor

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7

cardiology

study of the heart

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8

cephalic

pertaining to the head

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9

cerebral

pertaining to the brain

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10

incision

process of cutting into

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11

excision

process of cutting out

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12

endocrine glands

glands that secrete hormones within the body

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13

cystoscopy

process of visual examination of the urinary bladder

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14

cytology

study of cells

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15

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

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16

hypodermic

pertaining to under the skin

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17

electrocardiogram

record of the electricity in the heart

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18

Electronecephalogram (EEG)

record of the electricity of the brain

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19

enteritis

inflammation of the intestines

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20

erythrocyte

red blood cell

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21

gastrectomy

removal of the stomach

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22

gastrotomy

incision of the stomach

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23

hyperglycemia

Condition of increased blood sugar.

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24

diagnosis

State of complete knowledge; information gathered about a patient's illness.

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25

prognosis

state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)

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26

gynecology

Study of females and female diseases.

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27

hematology

study of blood

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28

hematoma

Collection (mass) of blood.

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29

hemoglobin

blood protein found in red blood cells. carries oxygen to the cells from the lungs and carbon dioxide away from cells to the lungs

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30

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

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31

iatrogenic

pertaining to being produced by treatment

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leukocyte

white blood cell

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33

dermatology

study of the skin

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34

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

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35

nephrology

study of the kidney

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36

neurology

study of nerves

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37

oncology

study of tumors

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38

oncologist

specialist in the study of tumors

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39

opthalmoscope

instrument for visual examination of the eye

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40

osteitis

inflammation of the bone

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41

Osteoarthritis

Inflammation of bones and joints; degeneration of bones and joints.

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42

pathology

study of disease

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43

pathologist

One who studies diseases performs autopsies and examines biopsy samples.

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44

pediatric

Pertaining to treatment of children.

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45

psychology

study of the mind

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46

psychiatrist

specialist in the treatment of the mind

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47

radiology

study of x-rays

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48

renal

pertaining to the kidney

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49

rhinitis

inflammation of the nose

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50

sarcoma

Tumor flesh tissue (cancerous tumor of connective tissues, such as bone, muscle, cartilage, fat).

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51

resection

Process of cutting out; removal

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thrombocyte

clotting cell

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53

urologist

specialist in the study of diagnosing and treating disorders of the urinary tract

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54

cardiac

pertaining to the heart

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55

neural

pertaining to the nerves

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arthralgia

pain of a joint

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57

neuralgia

nerve pain

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nephrectomy

Removal (resection) of a kidney.

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59

leukemia

Blood condition of white cells; malignant (cancerous) condition.

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60

carcinogenic

pertaining to producing cancer

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pathogenic

pertaining to producing disease

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62

osteogenic sarcoma

cancerous (malignant) tumor produced in bone; osteosarcoma

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63

biopsy

process of viewing life

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64

nephrosis

abnormal condition of the kidney

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65

leukocytosis

Abnormal condition (Slight increase) of normal white blood cells.

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66

encephalopathy

disease of the brain

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67

adenopathy

disease of a gland, actuallyrefers to disease of lymph nodes

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68

endoscope

an instrument used for visual examination of internal structures

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endoscopy

Process of visually examining within (the body).

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70

osteotomy

Incision of a bone

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71

gastroenterology

study of the stomach and intestines

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72

anemia

A decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.

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autopsy

"Self view" - examination of a dead body, understand its function

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epigastric

pertaining to above the stomach

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75

epidermis

Outer layer of skin

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76

exocrine glands

glands that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body

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77

Hyperthyroidism

Condition of too much secretion of hormone (thyroxine) from the thyroid gland.

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78

hypogastric

pertaining to below the stomach

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79

hypoglycemia

condition of low blood sugar

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80

pericardium

Structure (membrane) surrounding the heart.

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81

prostate gland

exocrine gland in front of (before) the urinary bladder in males

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retrocardiac

pertaining to behind the heart

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83

subhepatic

pertaining to below the liver

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transhepatic

pertaining to across or through the liver

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abdominal

pertaining to the abdomen

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adipose

pertaining to fat

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anterior

pertaining to the front

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cervical

pertaining to the neck

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89

chondroma

tumor of cartilage

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90

Chondrosarcoma

Flesh tumor (malignant) of cartilage (tissue). All sarcomas are malignant (cancerous) tumors.

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91

chromosomes

"Color Bodies"; contain genetic material and are located in the nucleus of cell.

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92

coccygeal

pertaining to the tailbone

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craniotomy

incision of the skull

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94

cytoplasm

contents (formation) of the cell apart from the nucleus and cell membrane

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95

distal

pertaining to far (from the beginning of a structure)

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dorsal

pertaining to the back

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97

histology

study of tissues

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98

iliac

pertaining to the ilium (upper part of the hip bone)

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inguinal

pertaining to the groin

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100

karyotype

Picture (classification) of the nucleus (and its chromosomes).

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