Language of Medicine- Exam 1

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Adenoma

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396 Terms
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Adenoma

tumor of a gland

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Adenitis

inflammation of a gland

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arthritis

inflammation of a joint

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biology

The study of life

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biopsy

removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope

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carcinoma

cancerous tumor

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cardiology

study of the heart

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cephalic

pertaining to the head

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cerebral

pertaining to the brain

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incision

process of cutting into

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excision

process of cutting out

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endocrine glands

glands that secrete hormones within the body

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cystoscopy

process of visual examination of the urinary bladder

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cytology

study of cells

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dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

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hypodermic

pertaining to under the skin

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electrocardiogram

record of the electricity in the heart

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Electronecephalogram (EEG)

record of the electricity of the brain

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enteritis

inflammation of the intestines

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erythrocyte

red blood cell

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gastrectomy

removal of the stomach

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gastrotomy

incision of the stomach

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hyperglycemia

Condition of increased blood sugar.

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diagnosis

State of complete knowledge; information gathered about a patient's illness.

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prognosis

state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)

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gynecology

Study of females and female diseases.

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hematology

study of blood

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hematoma

Collection (mass) of blood.

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hemoglobin

blood protein found in red blood cells. carries oxygen to the cells from the lungs and carbon dioxide away from cells to the lungs

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hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

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iatrogenic

pertaining to being produced by treatment

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leukocyte

white blood cell

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dermatology

study of the skin

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nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

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nephrology

study of the kidney

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neurology

study of nerves

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oncology

study of tumors

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oncologist

specialist in the study of tumors

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opthalmoscope

instrument for visual examination of the eye

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osteitis

inflammation of the bone

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Osteoarthritis

Inflammation of bones and joints; degeneration of bones and joints.

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pathology

study of disease

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pathologist

One who studies diseases performs autopsies and examines biopsy samples.

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pediatric

Pertaining to treatment of children.

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psychology

study of the mind

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psychiatrist

specialist in the treatment of the mind

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radiology

study of x-rays

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renal

pertaining to the kidney

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rhinitis

inflammation of the nose

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sarcoma

Tumor flesh tissue (cancerous tumor of connective tissues, such as bone, muscle, cartilage, fat).

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resection

Process of cutting out; removal

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thrombocyte

clotting cell

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urologist

specialist in the study of diagnosing and treating disorders of the urinary tract

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cardiac

pertaining to the heart

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neural

pertaining to the nerves

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arthralgia

pain of a joint

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neuralgia

nerve pain

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nephrectomy

Removal (resection) of a kidney.

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leukemia

Blood condition of white cells; malignant (cancerous) condition.

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carcinogenic

pertaining to producing cancer

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pathogenic

pertaining to producing disease

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osteogenic sarcoma

cancerous (malignant) tumor produced in bone; osteosarcoma

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biopsy

process of viewing life

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nephrosis

abnormal condition of the kidney

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leukocytosis

Abnormal condition (Slight increase) of normal white blood cells.

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encephalopathy

disease of the brain

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adenopathy

disease of a gland, actuallyrefers to disease of lymph nodes

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endoscope

an instrument used for visual examination of internal structures

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endoscopy

Process of visually examining within (the body).

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osteotomy

Incision of a bone

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gastroenterology

study of the stomach and intestines

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anemia

A decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.

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autopsy

"Self view" - examination of a dead body, understand its function

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epigastric

pertaining to above the stomach

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epidermis

Outer layer of skin

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exocrine glands

glands that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body

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Hyperthyroidism

Condition of too much secretion of hormone (thyroxine) from the thyroid gland.

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hypogastric

pertaining to below the stomach

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hypoglycemia

condition of low blood sugar

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pericardium

Structure (membrane) surrounding the heart.

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prostate gland

exocrine gland in front of (before) the urinary bladder in males

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retrocardiac

pertaining to behind the heart

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subhepatic

pertaining to below the liver

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transhepatic

pertaining to across or through the liver

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