GEN ANA: INTRO (copy)

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Anatomy

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112 Terms

1

Anatomy

to dissect or cut apart / separate parts of the body.

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2

•Systemic •Regional

2 approaches to study anatomy

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3

Integumentary System

It provide protection regulate temp prevent water loss and helps produce vitamin D

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4

Integumentary System

it consists of the Skin, hair, nails, sebaceous gland, and sweat gland

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5

Skin

what is the major organ of the integumentary system?

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6

Skeletal system

It protection and support allow body movement, produce blood vessels, and store mineral and adipose tissue

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7

Skeletal system

Consist of the bone associated cartilages, ligament, and joint

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8

Minerals and Adipose Tissue

What does skeletal system stores?

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9

Bone

What is the major organ of the skeletal system?

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10

Muscular system

produces body movement maintains posture and produces body heat.

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11

Muscular system

It consist with the muscle attached to the skeleton by tendons.

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12

Muscle

What is the major organ of the muscular system?

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13

Nervous system

It is a major regulatory system that detects sensation and controls movement, physiological processes, and intellectual functions.

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14

Nervous system

It consist with the brain spinal cord nerves and sensory receptors.

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15

Brain

What is the major organ of the nervous system?

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16

Endocrine system

It is a major regulatory that influences metabolism, growth, reproduction, and many other function.

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17

Endocrine system

It consist of endocrine gland such as pituitary gland that secretes hormones.

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18

Pituitary Gland

the master gland of the body

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19

Pituitary/hypothalamus

the major organ of endrocrine system

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20

Back

the part of the body that is controlled by the hypothalamus

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21

Cardiovascular system

transports nutrient waste product gasses and hormones through out the body it plays a role to the immune response and the regulation of bode temp.

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22

Cardiovascular system

It includes the heart, blood vessel, and blood

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23

Heart

What is the major organ of the cardiovascular system?

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24

Immune System/Lymphatic system

It removes foreign substances from the blood and limb combats diseases maintain tissue fluid balance and absorb dietary fats from the digestive tract.

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25

Immune System/Lymphatic system

It includes lymphatic vessel lymph nodes and other lymphatic organs

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26

Have no M.O. all is important

What is the major organ of the lymphatic system?

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27

Respiratory system

exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide between blood and air, and regulates blood ph.

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28

Respiratory system

the lungs and respiratory passages.

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29

Lungs

What is the major organ of the Respiratory system?

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30

Digestive system

performes the mechanical and chemical processes of digestion absorption of nutrients and elimination of waste.

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31

Digestive system

It include mounth esophagus stomach intestine and access organ.

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32

Urinary system

remove waste product from the blood and regulate blood ph ion balance and water balance.

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33

Urinary system

Consist of the kidney urinary bladder and ureter.

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34

Kidney

What is the major organ of the urinary system?

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35

Acidic

High ph means?

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36

Too Basic

low ph means?

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37

POTENTIAL OF HYDROGEN

ph means?

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38

Reproductive system male

it produce and transfers sperm cell to the female produces hormones that influence sexual function and behavior.

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39

Reproductive system male

It include testes duct accessory structure duct and penis major organ testes

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40

Testes/testis

What is the major organ of the male reproductive system?

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41

Reproductive system female

produces oocytes and its the site of fertilization and fetal development produces milk for the new born produces hormones that affect sexual behavior. l

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42

Reproductive system female

It consist the ovaries uterine tube uterus vagina mammary gland and associated structures.

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43

Testis

it produces sperm

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44

Penis

delivers or transport the sperm

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45

ovaries

What is the Major organ of the female reproductive system?

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46

Anatomic position

refers to a person standing upright upper limb is normal and palm is upright

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47

Frontal

forehead means?

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48

Orbital

eye means?

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49

Nasal

nose means?

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50

Oral

mouth means?

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51

Otic

ear means?

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52

Buccal

cheek means?

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53

Mental

chin means?

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54

Crevical

neck means?

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55

Clavicula

clavicle Axillary

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56

Brachial

arm means?

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57

Ante cubical

infront of elbow means?

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58

Antebracial

forearm means?

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Carpal

wrist means?

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60

Palmar

palm means?

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Digital

fingers means?

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62

Pectoral

chest means?

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Sterna

breast bone means?

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64

Mammary

breast means?

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65

Abdominal

abdomen means?

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66

Umbilical

navel means?

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67

SUPERIOR

it means Above

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INFERIOR

it means Below

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ANTERIOR •—• Ventral

it means Front

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70

POSTERIOR •—• Dorsal

it means Back

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71

MEDIAL

it means close to midline

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LATERAL

it means away from midline

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PROXIMAL

it means close to point of attachment

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DISTAL

it means far from point of attachment

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SUPERFICIAL

it means structure close to the surface

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76

DEEP

it means structure toward the interior of the body

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77

UPPER LIMBS

upper arm, forearm, wrist, hand

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78

LOWER LIMBS

thigh, lower leg, ankle, foot

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CENTRAL REGION

head, neck, trunk

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80

SAGITTAL PLANE

separates the body into right and left parts

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MEDIAN PLANE

a sagittal plane along the midline that divides body into equal left and right halves

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TRANSVERSE PLANE

a horizontal plane that separates the body into superior and inferior parts

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FRONTAL PLANE

a vertical plane that separates the body into anterior and posterior parts

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84

Mediastinum

thick flexible tissue partition oriented

space between the lungs

contains heart, esophagus, trachea, major nerves, and major systemic blood vessels

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85

DORSAL BODY CAVITY

Body cavity that Encloses the organs of the nervous system

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86

CRANIAL CAVITY

Body cavity that Contains the brain

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87

VERTEBRAL CANAL

Body cavity that  Contains the spinal cord

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88

VENTRAL BODY CAVITY

Body cavity that  contains the majority of internal organs (viscera)

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89

•Thoracic cavity

•Abdominopelvic cavity

VENTRAL BODY CAVITY Divided into?

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90

THORACIC CAVITY

space within chest wall and diaphragm

contains heart, lungs, thymus gland, esophagus, trachea

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91

ABDOMINAL CAVITY

>space between diaphragm and pelvis >contains stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys

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PELVIC CAVITY

space within pelvis contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, part of large intestine

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93

VISCERAL SEROUS MEMBRANE

serous membrane that  covers organs

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94

PARIETAL SEROUS MEMBRANE

serous membrane that lines the walls of the cavities

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95

CAVITY

>a fluid-filled space between the membranes

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96

Pericardial Cavity

>around the heart

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97

Pleural Cavity

>around lungs

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98

Peritoneal Cavity

>around abdominopelvic cavity and its organs

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99

Cranial

skull

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100

Nuchal

batok

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