Medskills Final

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Medskills 3

132 Terms

1

LOC

loss/level of consciousness

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2

Aphasia

the inability to express words or form words

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3

Aneurysm

weakening or bulge in the wall of a blood vessel

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4

Bell’s Palsy

a condition marked by unilateral weakness or paralysis of the facial muscles on the affected side

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5

Coma

a prolonged state of unconsciousness, unable to arouse the person

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6

Brain Injury

injury to the skull or brain, such as a blow or penetrating object, that is severe enough to interfere with normal functioning

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7

Dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

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8

Dyskinesia

impaired ability to execute voluntary movements

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9

head injury

injury to the scalp, skull, and/or brain resulting from trauma

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10

Meningitis

inflammation of the meninges, the membranes which covers and protects the brain and spinal cord

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11

ICP

intracranial pressure

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12

Contusion

bruise due to bleeding of the underlying tissue of the brain surface caused by a blow in which the integrity of the skin is not disturbed or broken but the blood vessels were ruptured

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13

Brain death

is irreversible loss of all brain functions even through the heart continues to beat

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14

Ataxia

impaired coordination of movement marked by gait or postural imbalance

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15

Apraxia

the inability to perform purposeful acts such as the manipulation of objects on a voluntary basis

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16

Concussion

damage to the brain caused by a blow, shaking, jarring, blast, or some type of non-penetrating injury. There is a temporary loss of neurologial function with no apparent damage

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17

Neurons

cells within the nervous system, contains cell body, axon, dendrite, myelin sheath, and synapse

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18

Cell Body

contains a nucleus

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19

Axon

single fiber which carries impulses away from the cell body

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20

Dendrite

nerve fibers which carry impulses towards the cell body

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21

Myelin Sheath

lipid (fat) covering that surround the axons, increases the rate of impulse transmissions and insulates and maintains the axon

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22

Synapse

space between the axon of one neuron lies close to the dendrites of many other neurons, allows for the impulse to jump the synapse to get to another neuron

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23

Nerves

are a combination of many nerve fibers located outside of the brain and spinal cord

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24

Afferent

aka sensory nerves, carries messages from all parts of the body to the brain and spinal cord

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25

Efferent

aka motor nerves, carries messages from the brain and spinal cord to the the muscles and glands

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26

Associative

aka internuncial nerves, carries both sensory and motor messages

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27

Nervous system divisions

  1. CNS

  2. Peripheral Nervous System

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28

CNS

central nervous system

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29

Peripheral Nervous System

nerves carrying messages to and from the brain

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30

Kidneys/Urinary System

nitrogenous wastes, salts, and water through urination

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31

Skin

water and salt through perspiration

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32

Lungs/Respiratory System

CO2 and water vapor through exhalation

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33

Large Intestines

indigestible food, water, and bacteria through defecation

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34

Organs of the urinary system

2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, and 1 urethra

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35

Kidney shape

beans, located in the retroperitoneal area

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36

Average urine volume for adult

1.4L

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37

Asses urine

color, odor, and clarity

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38

Positive glucose

glucose spill-diabetes, allergy

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39

Positive blood

infection, hypertension, menses

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40

Positive protein

renal inflammation, allergies

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41

Positive ketones

energy from fats, not CHO’s

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42

Ketones

body is using fat as fuel, may indicate abnormal carbohydrate metabolism

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43

Male and female reproductive organs

gonads

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44

Male and female reproductive cells

gametes

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45

2 major hormones produced by the ovaries

estrogen and progestogen

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46

Major hormone produced by the testes

testosterone

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47

Male reproductive cell

sperm

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48

Female reproductive cell

ovum

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49

Conception

Female reproductive cell is fertilized by the male reproductive cell

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50

After fetilization, the cell is called…

zygote

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51

After fertilization, the zygote travels through the __ and implants in the _

fallopian tube, uterus

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52

Male reproductive cells are manufactured in the _ and stored in the _

testicles, epididymis

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53

3rd month of pregnancy

gender and traits of the offspring is determined

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54

Testosterone

the male hormone that is responsible for male characteristics

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55

Semen

the fluid that carries the male reproductive cells

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56

Penis

deposes of the semen into the vagina

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57

Urethra

deposes the semen (for males) and urinates (both sexes)

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58

Corpus luteum

yellow mass of the ovum

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59

Corpus luteum secretes

progesterone

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60

Epididymitis

painful swelling of the groin and scrotum

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61

Orchitis

inflammation of the testis

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62

Salpingitis

inflammation of the fallopian tubes

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63

HPV (human papillomavirus)

cervical and other cancers, takes years to develop

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64

PMS

group of symptoms prior to the start of the menstrual cycle

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65

PID (pelvic inflammatory disease)

infection of a woman’s reproductive organs

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66

Mammogram

x-ray of the breasts

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67

Prostatectomy

removal of the prostate

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68

PAP smear

to look for abnormalities or cancer in the cervix

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69

TSS (toxic shock syndrome)

bacterial infection by staphylococcus organism

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70

Endometriosis

uterus tissue found outside of the uterus around ovaries and inside the abdominal/pelvic cavity

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71

Retroversion

a womb tilted backwards rather than forwards

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72

Yeast infection

vagina less acidic

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73

BPH (benign prostatic hypertrophy)

enlargement of prostate gland

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74

Laparoscopy

access the inside of the abdomen and pelvis without making a large incision in the skin

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75

TURP

surgical procedure that involves cutting away a section of the prostate

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76

6th month (pregnancy)

weight ~1.5lbs

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77

5th month (pregnancy)

skin, hair, and nails develop

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78

2nd month (pregnancy)

human shape and form begin

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79

9th month (pregnancy)

most weight gain occurs

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80

3rd month (pregnancy)

sex can be determined

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81

1st month (pregnancy)

digestive tract is formed

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82

3rd month (pregnancy)

tooth buds are present

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83

7th and 8th month (pregnancy)

weight ~ 2.5-4 lbs

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84

5th month (pregnancy)

“quickening” occurs

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85

2nd month (pregnancy)

bone and muscle development begins

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86

Concerns a doctor will monitor (pregnancy)

  1. blood type and Rh Factor

  2. hemoglobin levels

  3. syphilis and other STDs

  4. urine

  5. weight

  6. breasts

  7. feet and legs

  8. blood pressure

  9. teeth

  10. pelvic and uterus measurements

  11. fetal heart tones, positioning, and feeling for fetal parts

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87

Vesic

bladder

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88

Mening

membrane

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89

Pexy

suspension

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90

Onco

tumor

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91

Oto

ear

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92

Lacrim

tear

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93

Furca

fork-shaped

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94

Radi

ray

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95

Lact

milk

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96

Edema

swelling

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97

Dactyl

finger, toe

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98

Ptyal

saliva

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99

Plak

plate/plaque

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100

Sub

under

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