medical terminology

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Tags and Description

some medical terminology, including word roots, suffixes, and prefixes.

296 Terms

1

-ac

pertaining to

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2

andr-, andro-

male

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3

auto-

self

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4

bio-

life

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5

chem-, chemo-

chemistry

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6

cyt-, cyto-

cell

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7

-blast-, -blasto, -blastic

bud, germ

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8

-cyte, -cytic

cell

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9

fibr-, fibro-

fiber

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10

gluco-, glycol-

glucose, sugar

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11

gyn-, gyno-, gynec-

female

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12

hetero-

other, different

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13

hydr-, hydro-

water

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14

idio-

self, one's own

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15

-ity

pertaining to

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16

karyo-

nucleus

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17

neo-

new

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18

-ous

pertaining to

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19

oxy-

sharp, acute, oxygen

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20

pan-, pant-, panto-

all or everywhere

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21

pharmaco-

drug, medicine

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22

re-

again, backward

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23

somat-, somatico-, somato-

body, bodily

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24

Body Parts and Disorders

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25

Part

Definition

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26

acous-, acouso-

hearing

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27

aden-, adeno-

gland

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28

adip-, adipo-

fat

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29

adren-, adreno-

gland

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30

angi-, angio-

blood vessel

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31

ateri-, aterio-

artery

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32

arthr-, arthro-

joint

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33

blephar-

eyelid

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34

bronch-, bronchi-

bronchus (large airway that leads from the trachea (windpipe) to a lung)

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35

bucc-, bucco-

cheek

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36

burs-, burso-

bursa (a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and other moving parts)

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37

carcin-, carcino-

cancer

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38

cardi-, cardio-

heart

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39

cephal-, cephalo-

head

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40

chol-

bile

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41

chondr-

cartilage

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42

Coron-

heart

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43

cost-

rib

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44

crani-, cranio-

brain

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45

cutane

skin

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46

cyst-, cysti-, cysto-

bladder or sac

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47

dactyl-, dactylo-

digit (finger or toe)

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48

derm-, dermato-

skin

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49

duodeno-

duodenum (the first part of your small intestine, right after your stomach)

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50

-esthesio

sensation

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51

gloss-, gloss-

tongue

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52

gastr-

stomach

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53

gnath-, gnatho-

jaw

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54

grav-

heavy

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55

hem, hema-, hemat-, hemato-, hemo-

blood

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56

hepat-, hepatico-, hepato-

liver

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57

hidr-, hidro-

sweat

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58

hist-, histio-, histo-

tissue

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59

hyster-, hystero-

uterus

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60

ileo-

ileum (the lower part of the small intestine)

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61

irid-, irido-

iris

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62

ischi-, ischio-

ischium (the lower and back part of the hip bone)

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63

-ium

structure or tissue

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64

kerat-, kerato-

cornea (eye or skin)

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65

lacrim-, lacrimo-

tear (from your eyes)

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66

lact-, lacti-, lacto-

milk

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67

laryng-, laryngo-

larynx (voice box)

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68

lingu-, linguo-

tongue

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69

lip-, lipo-

fat

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70

lith-, litho-

stone

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71

lymph-, lympho-

lymph

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72

mamm, mast-, masto-

breast

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73

mening-, meningo-

meninges (the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord)

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74

muscul-, musclo-

muscle

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75

my-, myo-

muscle

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76

myel-, myelo-

spinal cord OR bone marrow

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77

myring-, myringo-

eardrum

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78

nephr-, nephro-

kidney

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79

neur-, neuri-, neuron

nerve

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80

oculo-

eye

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81

odont-, odonto-

tooth

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82

onych-, onycho-

fingernail, toenail

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83

oo-

egg, ovary

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84

oophor-, oophoro-

ovary

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85

op-, opt-

vision

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86

ophthalm-, ophthalmo-

eye

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87

orchid-, orchido-, orchio-

testis

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88

ossi-

bone

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89

osseo-

bony

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90

ost-, oste-, osteo-

bone

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91

ot-, oto-

ear

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92

ovari-, ovario-, ovi-, ovo-

ovary

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93

phalang-

phalanx (any bone in the fingers or toes)

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94

pharyng-, pharyngo-

pharynx, throat

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95

phleb-, phlebo-

vein

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96

phob-, phobia

fear

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97

phren-, phreni-, phrenico-, phreno-

diaphragm

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98

pleur-, pleura-, pleuro-

rib, pleura (membrane that wraps around the outside of your lungs and lines the inside of your chest cavity)

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99

pneum-, pneuma-, pneumat-, pneumato-

air, lung

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100

pod-, podo

foot

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