Medical Terminology

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107 Terms

1

T

Temperature

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2

P

Pulse

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3

HR

Heart Rate

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4

R

Respirations

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5

BP

Blood Pressure

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6

O2/SPO2

Oxygen Saturation

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7

#/#

Pain Scale 0-10

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8

ABX

Antibiotics

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9

CXR

Chest X Ray

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10

DX

Diagnosis (medical diagnosis)

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11

HX

History

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12

NDX

Nursing Diagnosis

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13

RX

Treatment or Prescription

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14

SX

Surgery

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15

TX

Treatment

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16

AC

Antecubital (vein inside bend of elbow)

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17

ACHS (AC/HS)

Before meals / before sleep

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18

ADL

activities of daily living

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19

ABC

Airway, Breathing, Circulation

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20

ALOC

Altered Level of Consciousness

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21

BM

Bowel Movement

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22

CBC

Complete Blood Count

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23

WBC

White Blood Cells

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24

RBC

Red Blood Cells

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25

H&H

Hemoglobin & Hematocrit

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26

Hct

Hematocrit

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27

Plt

Platelets

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28

BG

Blood Glucose

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29

UA

Urinalysis

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30

C&S

Culture and Sensitivity

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31

Q or q

every

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32

Q daily or q daily

Every Day

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33

q2h

every two hours

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34

q8h

every 8 hours

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35

bid or b.id.

twice daily/ two times daily

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36

tid or t.i.d.

three times daily

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37

qid or q.i.d.

four times daily

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38

ac

before meals/ on an empty stomach

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39

hs

before sleeping/ at bedtime

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40

PO

by mouth or orally (per os)

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41

GT

by gastronomy tube (G-tube)

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42

IM

Intramuscular (injection into muscle)

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43

SQ

Subcutaneous (injection into adipose tissue/fat)

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44

IV

Intravenous (infusion directly into the vein)

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45

IVP

Intravenous Push (inject directly into vein)

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46

IVPB

Intravenous Piggyback

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47

IVF

Intravenous Fluids (usually hydration or nutrition)

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48

Prefix

comes before rood word and gives meaning to root

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49

Root

  • foundation of word or term

  • often refers to disease or body part

  • tells us what word is about

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50

suffix

  • comes at the end of the word after the root

  • term describes what is going on with the word

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51

Hypo

Deficient (too little)

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52

Hyper

Excessive (too much)

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53

Pre

Before

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54

Ante

Before

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55

Post

after

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56

Tachy

Rapid (faster than normal)

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57

Brady

Slow (slower than normal)

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58

A

Absent (without)

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59

Dys

Abnormal or Painful (unable/painful to do something)

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60

Macro

Large

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61

Micro

Small

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62

Mal

Bad (not working correctly)

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63

Trans

Across or through

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64

Hemi

Half (one half of something)

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65

Bi

Two

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66

Tri

three

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67

Quad

Four (quadrant)

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68

Poly

Many

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69

-itis

inflammation of

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70

-ism, -osis

condition of (diseases of )

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71

-ous, -ic, -ac

pertaining to (about)

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72

-ectomy

exision (surgical removal)

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73

-plasty

surgical repair

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74

-otomy

cut into

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75

-scopy

to look at with a scope

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76

-ology

the study of

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77

-logist

practioner of

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78

-pathy

disease or disorder

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79

-pelgia

paralysis

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80

ATHR

joint (skeletal system)

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81

BRONCH

bronchus (part of the respiratory system)

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82

CARD

heart (cardiovascular system)

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83

DERMA

skin (integumentary system)

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84

ENCEPHAL

brain (neurological system )

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85

ENTER

intestine (gastrological system)

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86

GASTR

stomach (gastrological system)

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87

GLYS

sugar (glycemic)

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88

HEMAT, HEMO, HEME

blood

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89

HEPAT, HEPATIC

liver (gi system)

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90

MY

muscular system

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91

MYEL

spinal cord (nervous system)

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92

NECR, NECRO

dead, death of cells/ body (integumentary system)

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93

NEPHR, NEPHRO

kidneys (urinary tract and endocrine system

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94

NEUR, NEURO

nerves (nervous system)

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95

OSTE

bone (skeletal system)

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96

OX

oxygen (respiratory system)

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97

OXY

oxygen (cardiac, cardiovascular system)

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98

PECTOR

chest (respiratory sysytem, cardiac, cardiovascular sytem)

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99

PHLEB

vein (cardiovascular system)

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100

PNEUM

air, lung (respiratory system)

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