LAB EXERSICE 1

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ANATOMICAL POSITION

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125 Terms

1

ANATOMICAL POSITION

this position, the body is in an erect (standing) posture with the arms at the side and palms turned forward. The head and feet are also pointing forward.

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2

ANATOMICAL POSITION

is a reference position that gives meaning to the directional terms used to describe the body parts and regions

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3

LEFT

to the left of the body (not your left, the subject’s)

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4

RIGHT

to the right of the body or structure being studied

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5

LATERAL

toward the side, away from the midsagittal plane

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6

MEDIAL

toward the midsagittal plane; away from the side

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7

ANTERIOR

toward the front of the body

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8

POSTERIOR

toward the back (rear) of the body

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9

SUPERIOR

toward the top of the body

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10

INFERIOR

toward the bottom of the body

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11

DORSAL

along (or toward) the vertebral surface of the body

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12

VENTRAL

along (toward) the belly surface of the body

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13

CAUDAD

toward the tail (four legged animals)

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14

CEPHALAD

toward the head (four legged animals)

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15

PROXIMAL

toward the trunk (describes relative position in a limb or other appendage)

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16

DISTAL

away from the trunk or point attachment

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17

VISCERAL

toward an internal organ; away from the outer wall (describes positions inside a body cavity)

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18

PARIETAL

toward the wall; away from the internal structures

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19

DEEP

toward the inside of a part; away from the surfaces

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20

SUPERFICIAL

toward the surface of a part; away from the inside

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21

MEDULLARY

refers to an inner region, or medulla

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22

CORTICAL

refers to an outer region, or cortex

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23

SUPINE

refers to lying face upward

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24

PRONE

refers to lying face downward

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25

SECTION

refers to a part cut along a plane

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26

PLANE

is a geometrical concept referring to an imagined flat surface

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27

CROSS-SECTION

refers to a part cut crosswise

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28

LONGITUDINAL SECTION

is a cut made lengthwise

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29

SAGITTAL PLANE

extends from anterior to posterior and superior to inferior, dividing (not equal) the body into left and right portions.

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30

MIDSAGITTAL PLANE

refers to a sagittal plane that divides the body into exactly equal left and right portions

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31

FRONTAL PLANE

divides the body into anterior and posterior portion

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32

CORONAL PLANE

frontal plane is also called?

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33

HORIZONTAL PLANE

divides the body into superior and inferior portions

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34

TRANSVERSE PLANE

horizontal plane is also called?

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35

DORSAL CAVITIES

VENTRAL CAVITIES

two principal groups of body cavities are?

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36

CRANIAL CAVITY

within the skull

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37

BRAIN

what organ can be seen in the cranial cavity?

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38

SPINAL CAVITY

within the vertebral column

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39

SPINAL CORD

what organ can be seen in the spinal cavity?

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40

THORACIC CAVITY

what cavity is within the rib cage?

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41

PLEURAL CAVITIES

left 1/3 and right 1/3 of the thoracic cavitiy

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42

LUNG

what organ can be seen in the PLEURAL CAVITIES

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43

MEDIASTINUM

middle 1/3 of thorax

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44
  • HEART

  • TRACHEA

  • ESOPHAGUS

what organs can be seen in the MEDIASTINUMß

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45
  • PLEURAL CAVITIES

  • MEDIASTINUM

what cavities can be seen in the THORACIC CAVITY?

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46

ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY

form the diaphragm to the bottom of the trunk

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47

ABDOMINAL CAVITY

from the diaphragm to the rim of the pelvic bones

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48
  • STOMACH

  • LIVER

  • MOST OF THE INTESTINES

  • PANCREAS

  • SPLEEN

  • KIDNEYS

what organs can be seen in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY?

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49

PELVIC CAVITY

from the pelvic rim to the floor of the trunk

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50
  • PORTIONS OF THE INTESTINES

  • OVARIES

  • UTERUS

  • URINARY BLADDER

what organs can be seen in the PELVIC CAVITY?

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51

RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGION

top right region

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52

BELOW RIB CARTILAGE

HYPOCHONDRIAC means?

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53

EPIGASTRIC REGION

top middle region

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54

NEAR THE STOMACH

EPIGASTRIC means?

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55

LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGION

top left region

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56

RIGHT LUMBER REGION

middle right region

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57

LUMBAR VERTEBRAE IN LOWER BACK

LUMBAR refers to?

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58

UMBILICAL REGION

central region

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59

UMBILICUS or NAVEL

UMBILICAL refers to?

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60

LEFT LUMBAR REGION

middle left region

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61

RIGHT ILIAC REGION

lower right region

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62

ILIUM

ILIAC refers to the?

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63

ILIUM

the bow-like part of the hip bone

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64

HYPOGASTRIC REGION

lower middle region

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65

BELOW THE STOMACH

HYPOGASTRIC means?

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66

LEFT ILIAC REGION

lower left region

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67

RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT

RUQ means?

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68

LEFT UPPER QUADRANT

LUQ means?

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69

RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT

RLQ means?

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70

LEFT LOWER QUADRANT

LLQ means?

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71

ABDOMINAL

Anterior aspect term of:

area overlying the abdominal cavity

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72

ANTEBRACHIAL

Anterior aspect term of:

forearm

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73

AXILLARY

Anterior aspect term of:

armpit

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74

BRACHIAL

Anterior aspect term of:

upper arm

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75

BUCCAL

Anterior aspect term of:

cheek

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76

CARPAL

Anterior aspect term of:

wrist

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77

CERVICAL

Anterior aspect term of:

neck

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78

COXAL

Anterior aspect term of:

hip

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79

CRURAL

Anterior aspect term of:

anterior leg (shin)

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80

CUBITAL

Anterior aspect term of:

anterior of elbow

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81

FEMORAL

Anterior aspect term of:

thigh

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82

FIBULAR

Anterior aspect term of:

lateral leg

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83

MENTAL

chin

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84

NASAL

nose

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85

ORAL

Anterior aspect term of:

mouth

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86

ORBITAL

Anterior aspect term of:

eye

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87

PATELLAR

Anterior aspect term of:

anterior knee joint

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88

PUBIC

Anterior aspect term of:

lower front of trunk, between thighs

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89

TARSAL

Anterior aspect term of:

ankle

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90

THORACIC

Anterior aspect term of:

chest

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91

UMBILICAL

Anterior aspect term of:

navel

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92

CALCANEAL

Posterior aspect term of:

Heel

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93

CERVICAL

Posterior aspect term of:

neck

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94

FLANK

Posterior aspect term of:

lateral region between ribs and pelvis

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95

GLUTEAL

Posterior aspect term of:

buttocks

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96

LUMBAR

Posterior aspect term of:

lower back

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97

OCCIPITAL

Posterior aspect term of:

posterior of head

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98

POPLITEAL

Posterior aspect term of:

posterior knee joint

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99

SCAPULAR

Posterior aspect term of:

shoulder blade

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100

SURAL

Posterior aspect term of:

calf

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