EES 1 Lab - Practical

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Quartz (Mineral) -dark & light & hexagonal crystals & transparent to white or any color & can be massive

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Quartz (Mineral) -dark & light & hexagonal crystals & transparent to white or any color & can be massive

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Biotite (Mineral) -dark & black, brown, dark green & thin flexible sheets

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K-Feldspar (Mineral) -light & 2 planes nearly @ 90° & white, cream to pink

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Hornblende (Mineral) -dark & black & 2 planes not @ 90°

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Olivine (Mineral) -olive to bright green & dark & light & conchoidal fracture

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Muscovite (Mineral) -light & transparent & thin flexible sheets & 1 plane of cleavage

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Augite (Mineral) -dark & 2 planes @ almost 90° &dark green to black

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Plagioclase (Mineral) -Iight &dark & white to gray or reddish to reddish brown & 2 planes nearly @ 90°

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Magnetite (Mineral) -metallic & light & black & magnetic

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Calcite (Mineral) -colorless, transparent, white, variety of colors & reacts to HCI & light

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Pyrite (Mineral) -metallic & brassy color & "fools gold"

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Halite (Mineral) -colorless, white, gray, yellow, red & table salt taste (don't actually taste)

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Galena (Mineral) -metallic & shiny lead gray & cubic

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Serpentine (Mineral) -slippery feel, fibrous, molten green & dark & light

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Hematite (Mineral) -red streak & streel gray & sometimes foliated & metallic

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Gypsum (Mineral) -clear to white to gray

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Corundum (Mineral)

  • usually pink, brown, blue & hexagonal crystals & dark

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Talc (Mineral) -Soapy feel & pale green, gray or whites

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Fluorite (Mineral) -octahedral & light & dark & variety of colors

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Garnet (Mineral) -NM & dark & usually burgundy, green, brown

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Gneiss (Metamorphic) -foliated (granite but foliated)

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Slate (Metamorphic) -foliated & fine grained & dull luster

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Schist (Metamorphic) -visible sparkling & foliated & medium to coarse grained

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Amphibolite (Metamorphic) -usually glossy hornblend

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Phyllite (Metamorphic) -foliated & fine grained & shiny metalic luster

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Sandstone (Sedimentary) -clastic comp & sand

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Mudstone (Sedimentary) -can be dry & clastic & split/clay & massive

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Coal (Sedimentary) -Organic comp

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Coquina (Sedimentary) -Biogenic comp & fizzes in acid

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Fossiliferous Limestone (Sedimentary) -Biogenic comp & fizzes in acid

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Breccia (Sedimentary) -clastic & angular

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Obsidian (Igneous) -black & glassy

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Granite (Igneous) -Silicic & k-spar (pinkish/tanish) & coarse

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Gabbro (Igneous) -mafic & no k spar & fine grained

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Peridotite (Igneous) -ultra mafic(dark to green) & coarse grained

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Diorite (Igneous) -Coarse & plagioclase & hornblende, no K feldspar

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Rhyolite(Igneous) -Silicic & usually pinkish

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Tuff (Igneous) -Silicic & Pyroclastic

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Basalt (Igneous) -Mafic

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Lava flow/scoria (Igneous) -Mafic &

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Rhyolite ash -pinkish & clumpier

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Chalk -fizzes with acid

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Shale (Sedimentary) -Clastic & mud & very fine

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Andesite (igneous) -<50% vesicles

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Bedding -layers

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Ripple Marks -water

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Pumice (Igneous) -vesicular (holes) & lightweight & glassy

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Conglomerate (Sedimentary) -clastic & coarse

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Ash (Igneous) -pyroclastic & intermediate silica

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Marble (Metamorphic) -not foliated

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Quartzite (Metamorphic) -not foliated

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Anthracite Coal (Metamorphic) -not foliated

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MudCrack -dried mud

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Graded bedding

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Crossbedding -water & wind

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Meta - Conglomerate (Metamorphic) -not foliated

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Chert (Sedimentary) -chemical comp

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