Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Quiz

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What are the Parts of ATP

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Biology

10th

25 Terms

1

What are the Parts of ATP

Adenine, Ribose, 3 phosphate groups

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2

Where is energy stored in ATP

In the bond of the 2nd + 3rd phosphate group

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3

Difference between ATP + ADP

ATP has 3 phosphate groups and ADP has 2 phosphate groups

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4

When ADP turns into ATP what happens to energy

Energy is stored

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5

Equation for photosynthesis

6 CO(2) + 6 H(2)O + light = C(6)H(12)O(6) + 6 O(2)

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6

What color does chlorophyll reflect

Green and yellow light

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7

What excites electrons in the chlorophyll molecule

Photons of light energy

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8

Purpose of NADP+ and H+ in the Chloroplasts

NADP+ is transformed by the H+ into NADPH that carries it to the Light Independent Reaction, or Calvin Cycle

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9

Explain how sugar is made during photosynthesis, what reaction does it take place

Sugar is made by breaking down Carbon Dioxide in the Calvin Cycle.

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10

How are glucose, ATP, and Cellular respiration related.

Glucose is broken down in cellular respiration to create ATP

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11

Chemical equation for cellular repiration

C(6) H(12) O(6) + 6 O(2) = 6 CO(2) + 6 H(2)O

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12

Similarities and differences of photosynthesis and cellular respiration

  • The inputs of photosynthesis are the outputs of cellular respiration and vis versa

  • Scientists say that photosynthesis is the opposite of cellular respiration

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13

Aerobic Respiration

  • Occurs when oxygen is present

  • More efficient and produces 36 ATP

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14

Anaerobic Respiration

  • Occurs when oxygen is not present

  • Less efficient and produces 2 ATP

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15

Alcoholic Fermentation

  • Anaerobic

  • Produces Carbon Dioxide and ethyl alcohol

  • Ex: bread rising, brewing beer

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16

Lactic Fermentation

  • Anaerobic

  • Produces Carbon Dioxide and lactic acids

  • Ex: Sore muscles, production of yogurt, cheese, pickles

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17

What organelle plays a role in the production of ATP

The mitochondria breaks down large sugar molecules to make ATP

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18

Light Reaction

  • Photosynthesis

  • occurs in the Thylakoids

  • Water goes in and oxygen is released

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19

Dark Reaction (Calvin Cycle)

  • Photosynthesis

  • Occurs in the Stroma

  • Carbon Dioxide goes in glucose comes out

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20

1st Part of Cellular Respiration

  • Glycolysis

  • Occurs in the cytoplasm

  • produces 2 ATP

  • Is Anaerobic

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21

2nd Part of Cellular Respiration

  • Kreb's Cycle

  • Occurs in the mitochondria

  • Produces 2 ATP

  • Aerobic

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22

3rd Part of Cellular Respiration

  • ETC

  • Occurs in the mitochondria

  • Produces 34 ATP

  • Aerobic

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23

Diffusion

The movement of molecules from a higher concentration to a lower concentration. Does NOT require ATP

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24

Osmosis

The movement of water from a higher concentration to a lower concentration. Does NOT require ATP

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25

Active Transport

The movement of molecules from a lower concentration to a higher concentration. DOES require the use of ATP

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