Health - Drugs

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What are the different classifications?

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Health

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1

What are the different classifications?

  • stimulants

  • depressants/sedatives

  • hallucinogens

  • synthetic/designer

  • cannabis

  • opiates/narcotics

  • OTC (over the counter)

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2

Schedule 1

  • no medical use

  • highly addictive

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3

Schedule 2

  • medical use

  • highly addictive

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4

What is 1 in 5 deaths caused by

drinking

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5

Schedule 3

less addictive than 1 and 2

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6

Schedule 4

low potential for abuse

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7

Schedule 5

  • robitussin

  • codeine

  • antidiarrheals

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8

When schedule # goes up

  • legality increases

  • addictiveness decreases

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9

How are drugs consumed?

  • smoking

  • injection

  • snorting

  • contact

  • ingestion

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10

smoking: time to brain

7 - 10 seconds

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11

injection: time to brain

15 - 30 secs (veins) 3 - 5 mins (skin/muscle)

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12

snorting: time to brain

3 - 5 mins

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13

contact: time to brain

3 - 5 mins (eyes) 15 - 30 mins (skin)

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14

ingestion: time to brain

20 to 30 mins

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15

List of stimulants

  • cocaine

  • crack

  • MDMA

  • ritalin

  • methamphetamine

  • crystal meth

  • Adderall

  • concerta

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16

What do stimulants do to the body?

  • speed up bodily functions

  • speeds up everything besides appetite

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17

anything ending in 'caine'

medically numbing agent

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18

what was coke in coca cola replaced with

caffeine

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19

cocaine

  • schedule 2

  • lasts 30 minutes

  • can be absorbed in every way

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20

what is crack cocaine and how is it absorbed?

  • a concentrated form of cocaine

  • smoked

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21

what are the health consequences to crack and cocaine?

  • hepatitis B and C

  • HIV/AIDS

  • MRSA (flesh eating)

  • depression

  • neuron damage

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22

What are the hardest phases

1, 4, 5

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23

what does methamphetamine affect?

dopamine and serotonin

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24

what does cocaine affect?

dopamine

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25

Methamphetamine

  • Schedule 2

  • consumed in all ways

  • lasts 12 hours

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26

crystal meth

-schedule 2

  • smoked

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27

Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin

  • ADD/ADHD meds

  • supposed to be taken orally

  • illegally snorted and injected

  • causes binders

    • blindness and respiratory stops

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28

MDMA

  • designer/stimulant

  • dumps out dopamine and serotonin

  • USED to have medical use

    • psychotherapy

  • taken orally

  • increased body temp

  • kidney failure

  • depression

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29

GHB

  • depressant

  • taken orally

  • suppresses breathing

  • used to be legal

  • used for muscle development

  • sleeping pills

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30

what is GBL made of

  • drain cleaner

  • baking soda

  • laundry detergent

  • floor cleaner

  • nail polish

  • glue removers

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31

what mimics what?

GBL chemicals mimic GHB

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32

Rohypnol

  • depressant

  • makes people not remember

  • effects last up to 8 hours

  • amnesia

  • loss of identity

  • death

  • date rape drug

  • used to be legal

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33

if drugged how much time do you have to go to the hospital?

72 hours

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34

How many years in jail can you get for drugging people?

up to 20 years

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35

Inhalants

  • not drugs

  • chemicals in aerosol cans

  • causes hypoxia (no oxygen to the brain)

  • SSD (sudden sniffing death)

  • major organ damage

  • classified as other

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36

Hallucinogens change:

  • thought process

  • moods

  • perception/senses

  • all hallucinogens dilate pupils

  • can turn on chronic gene

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37

Ketamine

  • schedule 2

  • medical use on animals and humans

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38

LSD

  • schedule 1

  • unpredictable

  • hear colors, see sounds

  • lasts 12 hours

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39

Psilocybin mushrooms

  • schedule 1

  • 6 hours

  • real danger is death caps

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40

Jimsonweed

  • 1/2 teaspoon of seeds can cause death

  • amnesia

  • loss of control of body temp

  • brain damage

  • no schedule

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41

Peyote cactus

  • schedule 1

  • dilated pupils

  • alteration of body image

  • main ingredient is mescaline

  • 1994 religious freedom act

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42

salvia

  • legal in California

  • no schedule

  • very powerful

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43

PCP

  • animal tranquilizer

  • violent behavior

  • lasts 24 hours

  • causes numbness in the body

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44

spice

  • first official synthetic drug

  • synthetic cannaboid

  • acute (short term) psychosis

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45

ACh

involved in our every move

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46

glutamate

plays a role in memory

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47

GABA

moderates eating, aggression, sleeping

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48

Dopamine

movement, learning, attention, pleasure, mental health

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49

Serotonin

regulates sleep, eating, mood, pain, depression

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50

Edorphins

brains effort to deal with pain

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51

Phase 1

immediate - depression, anxiety

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52

Phase 2

1 - 4 hours - desire to sleep

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53

Phase 3

3 - 4 days - increased appetite

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54

Phase 4

6 - 18 weeks - depression

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55

Phase 5

recovery

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56

Meth consequences

  • teeth grinding

  • disorganized though patterns

  • irritability

  • hallucinations

  • aggressive/antisocial behavior

  • heart failure

  • "cocaine bugs"

  • skin ulcers

  • weight loss

  • stroke/death

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57

colors in meth ingredients

  • pink

  • green

  • blue

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58

Where is rohypnol legal?

Mexico and Europe

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59

What are the blood born virus'?

Hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS

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60

What are the date rape drug mixtures?

  • rohypnol and GHB

  • rohypnol and alcohol

  • rohypnol

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61

What is the main ingredient in dust off?

toluene

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62

What were the first emergency schedule 1's?

spice and bath salt

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63

bath salts

  • schedule 1

  • main addictive ingredient is mephedrone (MDPV)

  • violent behavior

  • delusions of human strength

  • designer stimulant

  • insecticides

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64

Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder (HPPD)

  • re-experience of drugs

  • long-term effect

  • flashbacks

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65

List of narcotics

  • opium

  • heroin

  • fentanyl

  • morphine

  • codein

  • demerol

  • vicodin

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66

narcotics

  • mostly legal

  • medical uses except for heroin and opium

  • psychologically and physiologically addictive

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67

heroin

  • comes from poppy plant

  • pinpoint pupils

  • decreases breathing

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68

how long do you have until a narcan shot wears off

90 minutes

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69

what does harm reduction promote?

a healthier person

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70

krocodil

  • codeine pills mixed with chemicals

  • gangrene (blood vessels collapse) -sold as "heroin"

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71

oxycodone

  • started opium problem

  • schedule 2

  • danger of binders

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72

time release coding

taking all hours of a pill at once

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73

cannabis marijuana

  • main psychoactive ingredient is THC

  • no overdose in death

  • decreases memory

  • psychologically addictive

  • disrupts hormones

  • risk of emphysema

  • chance of panic attacks

  • schedule 1

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74

DXM

  • OTC

  • liver damage/death

  • in cough syrup

  • feels like a narcotic

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75

xanax

xanax

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76
  • MDPV (bath salts)

  • Krocodil

  • Spice

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