Chapter 27 special rescue teams

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Which factor commonly limits the sue of helicopters for victim transport? a. the effect of rotor wash on the ground conditions b. weather conditions c. medical conditions that are exacerbated by flight d. expense

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1

Which factor commonly limits the sue of helicopters for victim transport? a. the effect of rotor wash on the ground conditions b. weather conditions c. medical conditions that are exacerbated by flight d. expense

b. weather conditions

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2

What is the first step you should take when responding to an elevator car that is stalled between floors? a. cut power to the malfunctioning elevator b. drift the car to the nearest floor c. summon the building engineer or elevator mechanic d. determine the exact location of the car

a. cut power to the malfunctioning elevator

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3

In a trench rescue, which step comes first? a. place a rescuer near the victim b. shore up the collapse site c. assist the victim with a pole or rope d. provide an air supply to the victim

b. shore up the collapse site

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4

What is the first level of technical rescue training? a. level A b. first responder c. awareness d. technician

c. awareness Three levels: Awareness - emphasis on recognize hazards Operations - work in warm zone; gear toward assistance Technician - directly involved in rescue ops

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5

Which item of PPE is a mandatory when operating in a water rescue hazard zone? a. helmet b. water-proof flare c. cyalume light stick d. goggles

a. helmet

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6

What is the first step in the 10-step special rescue sequence? a. response b. size-up c. assessment d. preparation

d. preparation 10 Step Special Rescue Sequence

  1. preparation; 2. response; 3. arrival & size-up; 4. stabilization; 5. access; 6. disentanglement; 7. removal;

  2. transport; 9. security of scene & preparation for the next call; 10. post-incident analysis

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7

What is the most common type of rescue situation encountered by fire fighters? a. elevator rescue b. structure fire c. motor vehicle crash d. collapsed structure

c. motor vehicle crash

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8

The minimum slope of a high-angle rescue operation is ____ degrees. a. 75 b. 60 c. 30 d. 45

d. 45

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9

Which piece of equipment is recommended for wilderness operations, but not normally required on other technical rescue operations? a. whistle b. flare gun c. shovels d. helmet

b. flare gun

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10

What is the minimum distance to park from downed power lines? a. 50 ft. b. 100 ft. c. a distance equal to half he span between utility poles d. a distance equal to the span between utility poles

d. a distance equal to the span between utility poles

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11

Who is responsible for securing the scene at an industrial facility? a. company officer b. facility supervisor c. fire chief d. facility security

d. facility security

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12

What is the term for soil removed from an excavation? a. waste b. fines c. tailings d. spoils

d. spoils

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13

What is the role of awareness-level rescuers in the assessment of a technical rescue situation? a. overall size-up and determination of initial actions b. evaluation of the incident action plan c. this is not an awareness-level responsibility d. continuous reassessment of the scene

d. continuous reassessment of the scene

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14

In which control zone is decontamination performed? a. decontamination zone b. support zone c. warm zone d. cold zone

c. warm zone

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15

Which color barrier tape is used to demarcate the hot zone at a technical rescue incident? a. red b. black & yellow c. white & red d. yellow

a. red Commonly Used Colored Tape: Red - hot zone Orange - warm zone Yellow - cold zone

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16

Which resource do utility companies have readily accessible that is often needed on technical rescue incidents? a. heavy equipment b. field-portable office facilities c. surveying equipment d. confined space permits

a. heavy equipment

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17

How does exposure to natural gas affect the body ? a. natural gas causes swelling of the airways b. there is no effect; natural gas is inert and non-toxic c. natural gas interferes with cellular metabolism d. natural gas acts as an asphyxiant

d. natural gas acts as an asphyxiant

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18

Which of the following is an awareness level technical rescue skill? a. recognize hazards b. access victims to provide first aid to them c. identify victim location and condition d. install lockout/tag-out/isolation devices

a. recognize hazards Three levels: Awareness - emphasis on recognize hazards Operations - work in warm zone; gear toward assistance Technician - directly involved in rescue ops

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19

Which factor will have the greatest impact on how a technical rescue incident is conducted? a. whether the victims are trapped or just unable to move b. whether the victim is conscious c. whether the incident is rescue or a body recovery d. total reflex time for the required resources

c. whether the incident is rescue or a body recovery

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20

What is the function of lock-out-tag-out systems? a. prevent theft or unauthorized use of apparatus & equipment b. enforce accountability for rescuers entering the hazard zone c. deny entry to the public & the media d. prevent unauthorized activation of machinery or electricity

d. prevent unauthorized activation of machinery or electricity

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21

What is the term for the area in which rescue operations are conducted? a. entry zone b. warm zone c. hot zone d. rescue area

c. hot zone

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22

In which step of the technical rescue incident process are victims freed from the entrapment? a. release b. recovery c. extrication d. disentanglement

d. disentanglement

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23

During water rescue operations, a personal flotation device should be worn by anyone within ____ of the water. a. 15 ft. b. 20 ft. c. 25 ft. d. 10 ft.

d. 10 ft.

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24

What is the term for preparing a victim for movement as a unit, often by using a long spine board or similar device? a. restraining b. packaging c. demobilizing d. evaluating

b. packaging

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25

What is used to stabilize the sides of an excavation? a. shoring b. cribbing c. bracing d. sheeting

a. shoring

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26

What is the minimum level of rescue training for direct involvement in rescue operations? a. specialist b. awareness c. technician d. operations

c. technician Three levels: Awareness - emphasis on recognize hazards Operations - work in warm zone; gear toward assistance Technician - directly involved in rescue ops

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27

Which of the following is one of the five guidelines that fire fighters should keep in mind when assisting rescue team members? a. question the plan b. act decisively c. get the big picture d. follow orders

d. follow orders

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28

What is the step in the technical rescue incident process that follows removal of a victim? a. packaging b. security c. treatment d. transport

d. transport 10 Step Special Rescue Sequence

  1. preparation; 2. response; 3. arrival & size-up; 4. stabilization; 5. access; 6. disentanglement; 7. removal;

  2. transport; 9. security of scene & preparation for the next call; 10. post-incident analysis

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29

What is the minimum level of technical rescue training that qualifies fire fighters to work in the warm zone? a. operations b. awareness c. level B d. technician

a. operations Three levels: Awareness - emphasis on recognize hazards Operations - work in warm zone; gear toward assistance Technician - directly involved in rescue ops

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30

Which of the following is a hazardous materials operations level skill? a. analyze the magnitude of the an incident b. preform victim rescue & recovery c. conduct atmospheric monitoring d. take product control measures

a. analyze the magnitude of the an incident

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31

How does exposure to liquefied petroleum gas affect the body? a. there is no effect; the gas is inert and non-toxic b. the gas is a neurological toxin c. the gas causes pulmonary edema d. the gas displaces breathing air

d. the gas displaces breathing air

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32

In the FAILURE acronym, what does the "L" stand for? a. lack of teamwork or experience b. limits exceeded c. lack of training d. loose or sloppy procedure

a. lack of teamwork or experience FAILURE acronym for TRI: F -failure to understand the environment or underestimate A - additional medical problems not considered I -inadequate rescue skills L -lack of teamwork or experience U -underestimating the logistics of the incident R - rescue vs. recovery mode not considered E - equipment not mastered

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33

Who is responsible party for a technical rescue incident that occurs at a worksite or industrial facility? a. the foreperson or supervisor b. the property owner c. the business owner d. the IC

a. the foreperson or supervisor

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34

Which control zone has the largest perimeter? a. hot zone b. cold zone c. rescue zone d. support zone

b. cold zone

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35

What should fire fighters trained to the awareness level of technical rescue know about specialized rescue tools? a. the names and purposes of the tools b. nothing c. how to maintain d. how to use them

a. the names and purposes of the tools

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36

On a technical rescue incident, the first arriving ______ assumes command. a. company officer b. responder with technical rescue training c. chief officer d. operations level rescuer

a. company officer

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37

Which of the following is a valid principle for disentangling a victim from a wrecked automobile? a. remove the vehicle from around the victim, not the victim through the wreckage b. treatment before transport c. stabilize the patient before stabilizing the vehicle d. there are not circumstances that justify taking shortcuts in patient stabilization

a. remove the vehicle from around the victim, not the victim through the wreckage

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38

What is a fire fighter's initial objective during a confined-space incident? a. make contact with the victim b. call for needed resources c. secure the scene d. stabilize the situation

c. secure the scene

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39

Which of the following is the primary safety consideration in a building collapse? a. cause of the collapse b. number of victims c. type of collapse d. building stability

d. building stability

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40

Which of the following is one of the two greatest hazards at a confined space incident? a. fall/crush injuries b. electrical shock c. engulfment d. oxygen deficiency

d. oxygen deficiency

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41

At a technical rescue incident, if you are given an assignment you do not fully understand, what should you do? a. ask for clarification b. modify the assignment c. perform the assignment to the best of your ability d. turn down the assignment

a. ask for clarification

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42

How many basic steps are there in the multistep special rescue sequence? a. 5 b. 10 c. 13 d. 7

b. 10 10 Step Special Rescue Sequence

  1. preparation; 2. response; 3. arrival & size-up; 4. stabilization; 5. access; 6. disentanglement; 7. removal;

  2. transport; 9. security of scene & preparation for the next call; 10. post-incident analysis

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43

What is the most commonly used color of barrier tape for marking the warm zone? a. green b. yellow c. red d. orange

d. orange Commonly Used Colored Tape: Red - hot zone Orange - warm zone Yellow - cold zone

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44

When should emergency medical care be started for trapped victims in a technical rescue incident? a. after they are packaged b. upon arrival the medical group c. upon exiting the hazard zone d. as soon as they are safely accessible

d. as soon as they are safely accessible

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45

What does the term "packaging" mean in the context of technical rescue? a. assigning related tasks to a single company b. preparing the scene for the safe removal of victims c. the tendency of one incident to cause other d. preparing the victim for removal as a unit

d. preparing the victim for removal as a unit

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46

What is the most commonly used color of barrier tape for marking the cold zone? a. green b. yellow c. orange d. red

b. yellow Commonly Used Colored Tape: Red - hot zone Orange - warm zone Yellow - cold zone

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47

Which of the following is a correct action to take at a trench cave-in rescue? a. begin shoring & stabilizing as soon as the victim's air supply has been established b. remove spoils from the trench lip c. keep personnel back from the cave-in site d. approach from the wide end of the trench

c. keep personnel back from the cave-in site

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48

What is a common cause of secondary collapse at a trench rescue incident? a. shifting of debris b. wall shear c. personnel at the edge of the trench d. terracing

c. personnel at the edge of the trench

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49

In which types of incidents should an accountability system be established? a. those requiring entry into IDLH atmosphere b. all incidents c. incidents involving more than a single company d. incidents with victims

b. all incidents

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50

What is the most common method of demarcating the control zones for an emergency incident site? a. traffic cones b. ropes c. traffic barricades d. barrier tape

d. barrier tape

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51

Which method should rescuers use to detect the presence of a dangerous atmosphere? a. sensory indicators b. environmental indicators c. atmospheric monitoring d. NFPA/DOT labels & placards

c. atmospheric monitoring

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52

Which of the following is a hazardous materials awareness-level skill? a. secure the affected area b. remove victims c. take passive control measures d. decontaminate equipment

a. secure the affected area

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53

Which type of respirator system has a continuous supply of air form outside the hazard zone? a. powered air-purifying respirator b. closed circuit breathing apparatus c. open circuit breathing apparatus d. supplied air respirator

d. supplied air respirator

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54

What does the "I" stand for in the FAILURE acronym? a. Inadequate rescue skills b. IC not in control c. Improper technique attempted d. Integrity not maintained

a. Inadequate rescue skills FAILURE acronym for TRI: F -failure to understand the environment or underestimate A - additional medical problems not considered I -inadequate rescue skills L -lack of teamwork or experience U -underestimating the logistics of the incident R - rescue vs. recovery mode not considered E - equipment not mastered

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55

What is the definition of a confined space? a. an enclosed space not designed for people to occupy b. a space with only one entry/exit c. a space that under normal circumstances may contain a hazardous atmosphere d. a space occupied primarily by machinery or circuitry

a. an enclosed space not designed for people to occupy

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56

Vehicle & equipment are staged in the _____ zone. a. yellow b. warm c. support d. cold

d. cold

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57

Which adjunct is used most frequently to stabilize a sitting victim? a. short spine board b. stokes basket c. backboard d. the victim's own body

a. short spine board

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58

The maximum slope of a low angle rescue operation is ___ degrees. a. 30 b. 60 c. 15 d. 45

d. 45

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59

What is the area that surrounds the incident side and whose size is proportional to the hazards that exist? a. control zone b. rescue area c. hot zone d. red zone

b. rescue area

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60

Where is the power supply control for an escalator usually located? a. under an sidewall access plate b. under the top landing plate c. in the escalator mechanical room d. at the top & bottom of the handrail

b. under the top landing plate

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61

What is the only circumstances in which a victim should be moved prior to completion of initial care, assessment, stabilization, and treatment? a. the victim's injuries are minor b. the victim's life is in immediate danger c. the victim states he or she has no injuries d. the victim is hostile or uncooperative

b. the victim's life is in immediate danger

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62

Which control zone contains the command post? a. warm zone b. command zone c. cold zone d. support zone

c. cold zone

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63

In a technical rescue incident, what is the next step after stabilization has taken place? a. size-up b. access c. security d. ventilation

b. access 10 Step Special Rescue Sequence

  1. preparation; 2. response; 3. arrival & size-up; 4. stabilization; 5. access; 6. disentanglement; 7. removal;

  2. transport; 9. security of scene & preparation for the next call; 10. post-incident analysis

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64

What should be basic point of emphasis when training with other departments for technical rescue incidents? a. SOPs b. terminology c. equipment inventory d. organization

b. terminology

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65

What is the NFPA standard on operations and training for technical search & rescue incidents? a. 1670 b. 1981 c. 1561 d. 1906

a. 1670

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66

When does size-up begin? a. when the victim is located b. while the company is in transit to the call c. once the facts are known d. when the company is dispatched

d. when the company is dispatched

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