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adenosine triphosphate

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58 Terms

1

adenosine triphosphate

what does ATP stand for?

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2

adenosine disphosphate

what does ADP stand for?

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3

adenine guanine

the purines are ________ and _______

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4

cytosine uracil thymine

the pyrinadines are ________, ______, and _______

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5

ADP ATP

two phosphate would be ___, but three is ___

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6

oxidation is lost reduction is gained

oil rig

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7

NADH+H+

after NAD+ gains an electron it is then…

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8

acceptor

NAD+ is an electron a_______

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9

donor

NADH+H+ is an electron d_____

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10

coenzyme

NAD+ is the oxidized form of ________ B3

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11

more bonds

what do electrons create?

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12

mitochondrial matrix

the krebs cycle occurs in the…

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13

cytoplasm

where does glycolysis occur

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14

electron transport chain

what does the ETC in the inner membrane of the mitochondria stand for?

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15

intermembrane space ATP synthase

in the mitochondria, the H+ are in the ____________ ____ and then go through the ___ ________ to become ATP

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16

enzyme ATP

the ATP synthase is the peanut looking thing that is an ______ that makes ___

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17

cristae

in between the squiggle space in the mitochondria is called

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18

glucose

C6H12O6 is…

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19

1

1, 2, or 3: phosphorylation (added phosphorus to glucose)

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20

2

1, 2, or 3: lysis (break down fructose 1-6 bisphosphate)

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21

3

1, 2, or 3: oxidation (inorganix phosphorus added after loss of electron to NAD+)

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22

pyruvate

if O2 is present, ________ moves into mitochondria

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23

inorganic phosphorus

Pi stands for….

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24

4ATP

gross:

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25

2ATP

net:

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26

oxygen

in order for pyruvate to move to the mitochondria, ________ must be present

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27

2NADH+2H+

in the link rxn, NAD+ turns into

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28

ETC

in the link rxn, 2NADH+2H+ goes to the…

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29

6

in the citric acid cycle, you start with _ C’s (x2)

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30

2

link rxn, for everyone 2 pyruvate molecues, how many CO2?

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31

2

link rxn, for everyone 2 pyruvate molecues, how many 2NADH+2H+?

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32

0

link rxn, for everyone 2 pyruvate molecues, how many ATP?

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33

2

link rxn, for everyone 2 pyruvate molecues, how many acetyl CoA? (btw thats the final product!)

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34

4

in the krebs cycle, how many CO2?

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35

6 ETC

in the krebs cycle, how many NADH+2H+ and where do those go?

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36

2 ETC

in the krebs cycle, how many FADH2 and where do those go?

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37

2

in the krebs cycle, how many ATP?

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38

1

big names of ETC, type 1 2 3 or 4: NADH Dehydrogenase

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39

2

big names of ETC, type 1 2 3 or 4: succinate dehydrogenase

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40

3

big names of ETC, type 1 2 3 or 4: cytochrome C oxoreductase

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41

4

big names of ETC, type 1 2 3 or 4: cytochrome oxidase

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42

oxygen

what is the final electron acceptor!!!!!!

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43

ATP chemiosmosis

ATP synthase is making ___, process is called __________

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44

high proton gradient

what is created in the ETC? h_ H+ ion/ p______ _________

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45

coenzyme Q

what is the full name of the uber driver in the ETC?

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46

mobile proteins

coenzyme Q and cytochrome C are…

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47

4 2

the first and third proteins in the ETC (i think they are proteins?) give off _ H+ and the fourth gives off _ H+

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48

oxidative phosphorylation

in the ETC drawing, what is the overall thing happen that ends up creating the most ATP (i THINK)

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49

aerobic respiration

breakdown of pyruvate WITH oxygen…

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50

anaerobic respiration

breakdown of pyruvate WITHOUT oxygen…

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51

alcohol fermentation

yeast is involved in ______ ___________

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52

lactic acid

what type of fermentation occurs in humans, animals, yogurt, cheese

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53

anaerobic

the two types of _________ respiration… alcohol and lactic acid

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54

no

is there CO2 given off in lactic acid fermentation?

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55

yes

is there CO2 given off in alcohol fermenation?

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56

ATP respiration

there is no additional ___ made during anaerobic _________

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57

alcohol bread

alcohol fermantation is used to make _______ as well as make ______ rise

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58

oxidize glucose

the goal of anaerobic respiration is to ________ 2NADH+2H+ to NAD+ so another ________ molecule can be oxidized

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