Urinary System Disorders

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polyuria

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21 Terms

1

polyuria

excess urination

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2

oliguria

decreased urine production

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3

anuria

absence of urination

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4

hematuria

blood in urine

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5

nocturia

urinating frequently at night

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6

dysuria

painful urination

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7

retention

inability to fully empty bladder

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8

incontinence

involuntary urination

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9

enuresis

bedwetting

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10

glycosuria

sugar in urine

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11

pyuria

pus in urine

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12

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder; caused by E. Coli-more common in females due to shorter urethra; dysuria, take antibiotics

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13

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the kidney; acute (suddenly, after another infection) chronic (slowly, over several years-leads to complete kidney failure); hematuria, hypertension, fatigue, congestive renal/heart failure, death-treat symptoms

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14

renal calculi

kidney stones-when salts in urine settle, small ones can be passed, but will be painful; larger ones block ureters so will need lithotripsy (laser breaks them into smaller pieces), increased fluids, meds- sudden pain, hematuria, retention

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15

renal failure

when kidneys lose ability to sufficiently filter waste from blood, acute or chronic-5 stages, 5th you need dialysis; oliguria

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16

dialysis

hemodialysis-blood passes through machine with semi-permeable membrane to act like a kidney; takes 2-3hrs 3-4 times a week

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17

renal transplant

if both kidneys fail-there's a risk of rejection

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18

peritoneal dialysis

constantly collecting waste from blood; dialysate travels through a catheter and fills abdomen to clean cavity; fluid, waste, electrolytes, chemicals pass from blood vessels in peritoneum to dialysate

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19

pyelonephritis

inflammation of kidney tissue and renal pelvis; caused by pyuria; chills, fever, back pain, dysuria, hematuria-take antibiotics

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20

uremia

toxic condition where urinary waste is in bloodstream; symptoms-ammonia breath, anuria, headache, confusion, death, coma-dialysis, transplant

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21

urethritis

inflammation of urethra; from bacteria, virus, chemicals; dysuria, itching at renal meatus, usually in men; treat-sitz bath, warm compressions, antibiotics, increase fluids

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