Chapter 30: Threat of Terrorism, Increase of Presidential Power, and Economic Crisis (2001–2016)

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74 Terms

1

2001

Terrorist attack on World Trade Center and the Pentagon

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2

2001

American and British troops invade Afghanistan

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3

2001

Planning for military operations against Iraq begins

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4

2002

President George W. Bush terms Iran, Iraq, and North Korea the "Axis of Evil"

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5

2002

Creation of Department of Homeland Security

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6

2002

2002

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7

2003

President George W. Bush warns of possible war with Iraq in State of the Union address

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8

2004

President George W. Bush proposes budget with $521 billion deficit

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9

2005

Violence between Sunnis and Shiites in Iraq increases dramatically

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10

2006

Controversy develops over secret wiretapping program by the federal government

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11

2007

Nancy Pelosi of California becomes first female Speaker of the House

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12

2008

Barack Obama becomes first African American elected to the U.S. presidency

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13

2009

Unemployment in the United States remains near 10 percent

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14

2010

BP oil spill clogs Gulf of Mexico

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15

2012

President Obama elected to a second term

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16

2013

Former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden leaks information about NSA surveillance practices

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17

2014

U.S.-Russia relations deteriorate because of Russian takeover of Crimea

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18

2015

The Obama administration negotiates a controversial nuclear deal with Iran

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19

2016

Islamic terrorist attack at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida

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20

2003

Operation Iraqi Freedom: U.S. and British invasion of Iraq

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21

2003

“Outing” of CIA agent Valerie Plame

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22

2003

Violence in Iraq between Kurdish, Shiite, and Sunni factions

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23

2003

Controversy develops as weapons of mass destruction are not found in Iraq

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24

2004

Photographs show American soldiers torturing Iraqi prisoners at the Abu Ghraib prison

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25

2004

Provisional government with limited authority comes into power in Iraq

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26

2004

George W. Bush defeats John Kerry in presidential elections; Republicans increase their control of the House and the Senate

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27

2005

John Roberts becomes Supreme Court chief justice

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28

2005

Hurricane Katrina devastates New Orleans

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29

2005

Lewis “Scooter” Libby, Vice President Cheney’s chief of staff, indicted on obstruction of justice concerning the Valerie Plame case

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30

2005

Samuel Alito becomes Supreme Court justice

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31

2006

Under investigation regarding his connections with a lobbyist, Tom DeLay, Republican majority leader of the House of Representatives, resigns

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32

2007

President George W. Bush orders a surge of 20,000 more troops to Iraq

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33

2008

Severe economic downturn affects U.S. financial institutions

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34

2009

President Obama announces “troop surge” in Afghanistan

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35

2010

Tea Party candidates win some seats in midterm elections

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36

2010

Healthcare legislation passes

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37

2012

Gunman murders 20 children and 6 staff members at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut

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38

2012

Supreme Court upholds the legality of most provisions of the Affordable Care Act

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39

2013

Supreme Court strikes down the Defense of Marriage Act, which limited federal benefits to marriages between a man and a woman

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40

2013

Two Islamic terrorist brothers bomb the Boston Marathon

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41

2013

Budget dispute between Congressional Republicans and President Obama leads to a partial shutdown of government for 16 days

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42

2013

Healthcare.gov website for purchasing Affordable Care Act health plans starts up but suffers many glitches

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43

2014

Supreme Court strikes down limits on biennial donations to politicians by individuals

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44

2014

Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) makes great gains in the Middle East

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45

2014

Riots take place in Ferguson, Missouri, after a white police officer shoots and kills an African American teen during a confrontation on a street

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46

2014

Republicans take control of the Senate in the 2014 elections

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47

2015

The United States resumes diplomatic relations with Cuba

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48

2015

The Supreme Court upholds the constitutionality of gay marriage

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49

2015

Islamic terror attacks take place in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and San Bernardino, California

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50

2015

Supreme Court upholds Affordable Care Act subsidies

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51

2016

Hillary Clinton becomes the first female presidential nominee of a major political party

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52

2016

Donald Trump wins the presidential election

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53

No Child Left Behind Act

In 2001, Bush worked on the __________, which mandated states to define and review public education standards.

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54

Al Qaeda

On September 11, four American airliners were hijacked by ________ terrorists. They smashed one airplane into the Pentagon and two into the World Trade Center.

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55

Operation Enduring Freedom

The Bush administration reacted quickly to 9/11. On October 7, the US and its allies launched "______________" in Afghanistan.

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56

CIA and FBI

After the 9/11 attacks, investigators found that the _______________ had information on the hijackers' activities, but legal barriers and bureaucratic inertia prevented them from sharing the information that could have prevented this terrorist plot.

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57

Office of Homeland Security

The ____________ was established by President Bush in October 2001 to coordinate anti-terrorist activities.

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58

USA Patriot Act

In October 2001, Congress approved the _________, which provided US intelligence agencies new authority to investigate terrorist suspects.

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59

Axis of Evil

President Bush called Iraq, Iran, and North Korea an "______" in his January 2002 State of the Union Address.

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60

weapons of mass destruction

President Bush was told by the CIA and allies that Iraq had ________.

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61

Iraq Resolution

The "____________” authorized action against Iraq in October 2002. In early 2003, President Bush and his advisers concluded that Saddam Hussein was not working with the UN.

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62

Medicare Act of 2003

Bush supported the _________, which helped seniors buy prescription medicines, because of this. Bush also got tax cuts in 2001 and 2003.

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63

flip-flopper

Kerry opposed the Iraq War as a distinguished Vietnam soldier.

Republicans called him a "________" for supporting the war.

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64

religious right

Bush attracted people who desired success in Iraq and the "________," which concerned about moral norms in the US

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65

Social Security

President Bush sought to restructure __________, which faced long-term budgetary instability, after his win.

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66

Obamacare

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 also known as "_______" passed Congress with solely Democratic votes.

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67

Tea Party

Obama's policies boosted the "____________" Movement. This Party activists want less government and reduced taxes.

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68

Muammar Gaddafi

In 2011, President Obama and NATO allies used airpower to assist Libyan rebels to remove ___________. Libya became a terrorist refuge when a new government failed.

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69

Affordable Care Act

The poor deployment of the Healthcare.gov website, which was designed to enroll Americans in new _________ insurance plans, humiliated the Obama administration. Many flaws created customer issues.

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70

Michael Brown

A young African American youth, was shot and killed by a white police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, in 2014.

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71

Edward Snowden

__________, a former NSA worker, released crucial surveillance program details in 2013. American intelligence activities suffered from his disclosures.

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72

Boston Marathon

The __________ was attacked by two radical Islamist Chechen brothers in 2013.

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73

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

As the __________, they established a territory in Syria. ISIL was first ignored by President Obama.

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74

Crimea

President Putin grabbed _________from Ukraine in 2014 and supported a deadly revolt in the east.

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