Hinduism Unit Test

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Hindu -Described Place

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52 Terms

1

Hindu -Described Place

Beyond the Indu River

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2

Hindi

Language

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3

Sanatana Dharma

"Eternal Religion, way or duty" Alternate term for Hinduism

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4

__ Largest Religion

3rd (Christianity/Islam)

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5

Polytheism in Hinduism

Multiple Gods and Avatars

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6

Monotheism in Hinduism

Single God is Brahman All other Gods are manifestations of Brahman

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7

Deism in Hinduism

Brahman created the universe, but is no longer present

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8

Atheism in Hinduism

No God, all experiences are a false reality (Maya)

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9

Sanskrit

Ancient and Holy Language

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10

Reincarnation

To be made back into flesh

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11

Samsara

Reincarnation cycle

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12

Caste System

Born into based on past Karma

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13

Maya

Illusion, Any distinctions are false Everything has the same soul, we are all one

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14

Moksha

Ultimate goal Escape from Samsara

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15

Atman

All people are apart of a collective soul

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16

Brahman

Ultimate reality/Truth Not a personal God

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17

Brahmin

Highest Caste Priestly caste

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18

Brahma

Lower God, creator God that is not worshiped in modern times

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19

Om

Sacred sound used to center yourself

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20

Yoga

Helps achieve Moksha

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21

ahimsa

"without harm"

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22

Shruti

"That which is heard" Written tradition "vedas"

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23

Smriti

"That which is remembered" Oral tradition Epic Poems

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24

Hindu developing systemically

Response to emergence of Buddhism

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25

Hindu-Muslim interactions (1200-1600)

Lead to creation of Sikhism

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26

Gandhi

Belief in Ahimsa

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27

Satya Graha

Gandhi's term Non-violent resistance

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28

Dharma

Duty/Obligation Path of life

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29

Swami Vivekananda

Guru that attends 1893 World Parliament of Religions

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30

Hindutva

Indian nationalist movement Fundamentalist

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31

Yoga

Join/unite/attach Self discipline Accomplish Moksha

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32

3 Types of Yoga

Bhakti Jnana Karma

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33

Bhakti Yoga

Devotion/Worship

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34

Jnana Yoga

Study of texts

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35

Karma Yoga

Acts of service and good work

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36

Raja Yoga ----->Hatha Yoga

Meditation, done in the West

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37

Mahabarata

Holy smriti text Story of 2 families at war

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38

"Bhagavad Gita"

"Song of the Land" Most important text, not necessarily most sacred

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39

4 Goals of Hinduism

  1. Moksha Dharma Artha Kama

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40

Kama

Pleasure/Sensuality

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41

Dharma

Duty/Righteousness

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42

Artha

Wealth/Worldly Success

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43

Bakhti Worship

Devotion or love for a God

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44

Puja

"Honor" Specific acts for a God

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45

Murti

Image of the God is present

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46

Ishta Devata

Specific devotion to a God

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47

Deva/Devi

Gods/Goddesses "Heavenly Beings"

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48

Samsara

Cycle of reincarnation Held in unison by tri-murti

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49

Brahma

Creator god Not worshipped in modern times

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50

Vishnu

Sustainer/protector god 10 Avatars (Krishna)

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51

Shiva

Destroys evil Portrays the wildness of divinity

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52

Bhagavad Gita is a ..... belief

Vaishavaism

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