Mason 1997

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Demographic transition theory

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Sociology

28 Terms

1

Demographic transition theory

________: fertility decline is caused by industrialization + urbanization.

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2

Wealth flows

________: fertility decline is caused by the emotional nucleation of the family, triggered by economic + cultural forces.

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3

Mortality decline

________ is a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition.

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4

Ideational theory

________: timing of fertility transition depends on the diffusion of information + new social norms about birth control.

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5

Easterlins framework

________: neoclassical microeconomic theory of fertility + sociological variable → supply of children.

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6

Fertility transitions

________ occur when conditions are combined.

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7

Diffusion of information

________ and ideas about fertility limitation can influence reproductive behavior in the absence of major structural changes.

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8

Classic transition theory with an addition

modernization + shift in values toward individualism and self-fulfillment

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9

Neoclassical microeconomic theory of fertility

3 proximate determinants of couples fertility choices

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10

Natural fertility

fertility that is socially controlled but not controlled by individuals on a parity-specific basis

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11

Princeton European Fertility Project

assumed that the effects of economic modernization on fertility would be felt immediately regardless of other conditions

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12

Children

Wealth flows theory sees ______ as net economic beneficiaries of family life

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13

conditions

the neoclassical microeconomic theory of fertility doesn’t account for environmental + institutional ______

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14

Africa

The ideational theory doesn't apply to ______

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15

Times

Existence of potentially important influences on fertility in only some ____ or places

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16

information, ideas

Diffusion of _______ and _____ about fertility limitation can influence reproductive behavior in the absence of major structural changes

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17

populations

There is enormous demographic + social variation across pre-transitional ________

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18

unlikely

Without a mortality decline, a fertility decline is highly _______

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19

findings

Recent theories tend to ignore this pre-condition because of particular _____

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20

culture

We must stop stereotyping all pre-transitional populations as mindless puppets of ____

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21

results

Decadal time scale provides misleading ____

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22

decade

We need to test our theories on a lengthier or looser scale than the ______

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23

combined

Fertility transitions occur when conditions are _______

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24

changes

1st country to undergo a fertility transition experienced _____ that encourage fertility limitation and other countries are influenced by this 1st country

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25

factors

The speed of influences travelling through regions varies on many _____

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26

children

The number of surviving ______ varies across pre-transitional populations

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27

capacity

Parents use offspring control when the number of children exceeds the family’s _____ to accommodate them

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28

ideational, interactive

New models must be ______ and ______

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