HISTORY exploration & expansion TEST STUDY GUIDE

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Conquistador

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31 Terms

1

Conquistador

a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century

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2

Colony

a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.

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3

Mercantilism

belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.

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4

Import

bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale.

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5

export

send (goods or services) to another country for sale.

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6

Balance of trade

the difference in value between a country’s imports and exports.

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7

Triangular trade

a multilateral system of trading in which a country pays for its imports from one country by its exports to another.

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8

Middle passage

the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.

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9

Joint stock company

a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders.

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10

Capitalism

an economic and political system in which a country’s trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit.

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11

How big was the “explorer of the seas” cruise ship?

1,020 feet with a crew of 1,185

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12

how did the Renaissance enable European exploration to occur?

curiosity of the lands and people

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13

how did the reformation enable the european expansion to occur?

refugees and missionaries

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14

how did the Monarchs enable the European Exploration to occur?

seeking new sources of revenues

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15

What was money?

power

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16

how did the technological advances enable european exploration to occur?

better maps, compass, astrolabe, and sextant

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17

how did marco polos book “the travels” enable european exploration to occur?

stirs Europes curiosity/fascination with Asia.

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18

How was travel by land dangerous

needed to find sea route.

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19

what were the motives for the Exploration?

God, Gold, Glory

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20

when was the age of enlightment and why?

it happened in the 18th century because of success of the scientific revolution

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21

what were the philosophers?

mostly french enlightment thinkers

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22

what did the philosophers do

they changed the world forever

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23

What was a Salon in the age of enlightment?

it’s where guests would engage in conversations about the new philosophical ideas.

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24

what would women who a Salon, do ?

they found themselves in a position to sway political opinion & influence literary and artistic taste

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25

Who are three enlightment thinkers?

Rene, Votaire, and Rosseau

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26

Rene Descartes

1637; wont believe something to be true unless he himself determined it was.

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27

Votaire

pushed for deism; the belief that god was a mechanic who created the world and allowed it to run without interference.

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28

who believed people make the world go around?

votaire

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29

Rosseau

believed people should be governed by the general will of all people of a society; people give up sovereignty in order to maintain social orders

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30

What was the Enlightments greatest impacts on world history?

art, literature, and music had a period of maturation and growth; people read and wanted to go to school more; and the spread of renaissance ideas (individualism)

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31
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