Chapter 8 Med Term

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166 Terms

1

coagul/o

coagulation (clotting)

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2

penia (suffix)

decrease, deficiency

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3

cyto (prefix)

cell

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4

phleb/o

vein

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5

emia

blood condition

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6

splen/o

spleen

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7

hemo, hemato

blood

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8

thromb/o

clot

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9

immun/o

immune system

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10

thym/o

thymus

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11

leuk/o

white

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12

tonsil/o

tonsils

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13

lymph/o

lymph

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14

ven/o

vein

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15

myel/o

bone marrow

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16

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

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17

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

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18

AML

acute myeloid leukemia

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19

BMT

bone marrow transplant

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20

CBC

complete blood count

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21

CML

chronic myeloid leukemia

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22

DIC

disseminated intravascular coagulation

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23

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

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24

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

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25

Hct

hematocrit

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26

Hgb

hemoglobin

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27

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

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28

HSM

hepatosplenomegaly

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29

HUS

hemolytic uremic syndrome

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30

INR

international normalized ratio

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31

ITP

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

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32

IV

intravenous

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33

IVIG

intravenous immunoglobulin

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34

LAD

lymphadenopathy

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35

NCAT

no cervical adenopathy or tenderness

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36

PLT

platelets

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37

PT

prothrombin time

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38

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

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39

RBC

red blood cell; red blood count

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40

TTP

thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

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41

WBC

white blood cell

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42

anemia

reduction of red blood cells noticed by the patient by weakness and fatigue

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43

ecchymosis

large bruise

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44

hematoma

mass of blood within an organ, cavity, or tissue

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45

hemophilia

condition in which the blood doesn't clot, thus causing excessive bleeding

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46

hemorrhage

excessive blood loss

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47

petechia

small bruise

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48

reperfusion injury

injury to tissue that occurs after blood flow is restored

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49

lymphadenopathy

any disease of a lymph gland (node); used to refer to noticeably swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck

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50

lymphedema

swelling caused by abnormal accumulation of lymph, usually in the extremities

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51

splenalgia

pain in the spleen

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52

splenodynia

pain in the spleen

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53

anisocytosis

condition characterized by a great inequality in the size of red blood cells

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54

elliptocyte

oval red blood cells

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55

elliptocytosis

condition characterized by an increase in the number of oval-shaped red blood cells

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56

embolism

blockage in a blood vessel caused by an embolus

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57

embolus

mass of matter present in the blood

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58

erythrocyte

red blood cell

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59

erythrocytosis

abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells

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60

hematopoiesis

formation of blood cells

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61

hemolysis

breakdown of blood cells

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62

leukocyte

white blood cell

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63

leukocytosis

increase in the number of white blood cells

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64

leukopenia

deficiency of white blood cells

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65

macrocytosis

condition characterized by large red blood cells

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66

microcytosis

condition characterized by small red blood cells

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67

myelopoiesis

formation of bone marrow

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68

neutropenia

deficiency of neutrophils

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69

normocyte

normal-sized red blood cell

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70

oligocythemia

deficiency in the number of red blood cells

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71

pancytopenia

deficiency in all cellular components of the blood

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72

phagocytosis

process in which phagocytes destroy foreign microorganisms or cell debris

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73

poikilocytosis

condition characterized by red blood cells in a variety of shapes

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74

polycythemia

excess of red blood cells

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75

reticulocyte

immature red blood cell

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76

spherocyte

red blood cell that assumes a spherical shape

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77

thrombocyte

cell that helps blood clot; also known as a platelet

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78

thrombocytopenia

deficiency in the number of platelets

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79

thrombocytosis

increase in the number of platelets

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80

thromboembolism

blockage of a vessel (embolism) caused by a clot that has broken off from where it formed

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81

thrombogenic

capable of producing a blood clot

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82

thrombosis

the formation of a blood clot

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83

thrombus

blood clot

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84

asplenia

absence of a spleen or of spleen function

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85

hepatosplenomegaly

enlargement of the liver and spleen

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86

lymphocyte

lymph cell

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87

lymphopenia

abnormal deficiency in lymph

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88

splenectomy

displacement of the spleen; sometimes called floating spleen

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89

splenolysis

breakdown (destruction) of spleen tissue

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90

splenomalacia

softening of the spleen

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91

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

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92

splenoptosis

downward displacement (drooping) of the spleen

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93

thyme hyperplasia

overdevelopment of the thymus

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94

hematocrit

test to judge or separate the blood; it is used to determine the ratio of red blood cells to total blood volume

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95

hematology

study of blood

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96

hemoglobin

iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to cells

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97

hypoperfusion

inadequate flow of blood

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98

immunoglobulin

protein that provides protection (immunity) against disease

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99

immunologist

specialist in the study of the immune system

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100

lymphangiogram

record of the study of lymph vessels

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