Chapter 8 Med Term

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coagul/o

coagulation (clotting)

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penia (suffix)

decrease, deficiency

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cyto (prefix)

cell

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phleb/o

vein

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emia

blood condition

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splen/o

spleen

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hemo, hemato

blood

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thromb/o

clot

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immun/o

immune system

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thym/o

thymus

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leuk/o

white

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tonsil/o

tonsils

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lymph/o

lymph

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ven/o

vein

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myel/o

bone marrow

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AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

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ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

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AML

acute myeloid leukemia

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BMT

bone marrow transplant

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CBC

complete blood count

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CML

chronic myeloid leukemia

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DIC

disseminated intravascular coagulation

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EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

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ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

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Hct

hematocrit

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Hgb

hemoglobin

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HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

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HSM

hepatosplenomegaly

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HUS

hemolytic uremic syndrome

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INR

international normalized ratio

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ITP

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

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IV

intravenous

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IVIG

intravenous immunoglobulin

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LAD

lymphadenopathy

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NCAT

no cervical adenopathy or tenderness

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PLT

platelets

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PT

prothrombin time

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PTT

partial thromboplastin time

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RBC

red blood cell; red blood count

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TTP

thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

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WBC

white blood cell

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anemia

reduction of red blood cells noticed by the patient by weakness and fatigue

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ecchymosis

large bruise

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hematoma

mass of blood within an organ, cavity, or tissue

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hemophilia

condition in which the blood doesn't clot, thus causing excessive bleeding

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hemorrhage

excessive blood loss

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petechia

small bruise

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reperfusion injury

injury to tissue that occurs after blood flow is restored

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lymphadenopathy

any disease of a lymph gland (node); used to refer to noticeably swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck

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lymphedema

swelling caused by abnormal accumulation of lymph, usually in the extremities

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splenalgia

pain in the spleen

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splenodynia

pain in the spleen

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anisocytosis

condition characterized by a great inequality in the size of red blood cells

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elliptocyte

oval red blood cells

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elliptocytosis

condition characterized by an increase in the number of oval-shaped red blood cells

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embolism

blockage in a blood vessel caused by an embolus

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embolus

mass of matter present in the blood

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erythrocyte

red blood cell

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erythrocytosis

abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells

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hematopoiesis

formation of blood cells

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hemolysis

breakdown of blood cells

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leukocyte

white blood cell

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leukocytosis

increase in the number of white blood cells

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leukopenia

deficiency of white blood cells

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macrocytosis

condition characterized by large red blood cells

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microcytosis

condition characterized by small red blood cells

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myelopoiesis

formation of bone marrow

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neutropenia

deficiency of neutrophils

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normocyte

normal-sized red blood cell

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oligocythemia

deficiency in the number of red blood cells

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pancytopenia

deficiency in all cellular components of the blood

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phagocytosis

process in which phagocytes destroy foreign microorganisms or cell debris

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poikilocytosis

condition characterized by red blood cells in a variety of shapes

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polycythemia

excess of red blood cells

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reticulocyte

immature red blood cell

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spherocyte

red blood cell that assumes a spherical shape

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thrombocyte

cell that helps blood clot; also known as a platelet

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thrombocytopenia

deficiency in the number of platelets

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thrombocytosis

increase in the number of platelets

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thromboembolism

blockage of a vessel (embolism) caused by a clot that has broken off from where it formed

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thrombogenic

capable of producing a blood clot

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thrombosis

the formation of a blood clot

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thrombus

blood clot

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asplenia

absence of a spleen or of spleen function

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hepatosplenomegaly

enlargement of the liver and spleen

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lymphocyte

lymph cell

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lymphopenia

abnormal deficiency in lymph

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splenectomy

displacement of the spleen; sometimes called floating spleen

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splenolysis

breakdown (destruction) of spleen tissue

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splenomalacia

softening of the spleen

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splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

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splenoptosis

downward displacement (drooping) of the spleen

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thyme hyperplasia

overdevelopment of the thymus

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hematocrit

test to judge or separate the blood; it is used to determine the ratio of red blood cells to total blood volume

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hematology

study of blood

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hemoglobin

iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to cells

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hypoperfusion

inadequate flow of blood

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immunoglobulin

protein that provides protection (immunity) against disease

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immunologist

specialist in the study of the immune system

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lymphangiogram

record of the study of lymph vessels

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