human bio final exam

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

precapillary sphincters allow for anastomosis

1 / 158

Tags and Description

Biology

159 Terms

1

precapillary sphincters allow for anastomosis

true

New cards
2

which of the following is considered a vein

SVC

New cards
3

which of the following are atrioventicular valves

mitral and tricuspid

New cards
4

capillaries are where waste products are reabsorbed

true

New cards
5

which of the following are semilunar valves?

aortic and pulminary

New cards
6

mcrophages are the first to arrive at the scene of an injury; after which neutropils arrive to clean up the mess

false

New cards
7

a platelet plug is stronger than a forbiden plug

false

New cards
8

which of the following has more smooth muscle in it because it is under high pressure

arteries

New cards
9

the ___ of the heart is inferior; while the ------ of the heart is superior

apex; base

New cards
10

based by percentage, which blood type is the oldest?

type O

New cards
11

The ___ valve is the same thing as a mitral valve

bicuspid

New cards
12

Regergitation is the same thing as a heart attack

false

New cards
13

the biconvex shape of an erythrocyte allows it to fit through capillary beds (T or F)

false

New cards
14

which of the following is considered an artery?

aorta

New cards
15

The function of thrombocytes is to ___

clot the blood

New cards
16

venules are larger than veins (T or F)

false

New cards
17

the aorta comes out of the ___ of the heart

base

New cards
18

Regergitation is the same thing as a heart murmur (T or F)

true

New cards
19

The pulminary __ carries oxygenated blood; while the pulmanary ___

vein; artery

New cards
20

The Rh factor is also known as the D antigen (T or F)

true

New cards
21

when it is hot outside, deep veins allows heat loss so the body cools down (T or F)

false

New cards
22

Which of the following has less smooth muscle in it because it is under a lower pressure?

veins

New cards
23

__ involved a clogged arterial system, wheras __ involves damaged valves

atherosclerosis; regurgitation

New cards
24

The ___ is considered the pacemaker of the heart

SA node

New cards
25

The AV node is the pacemaker of the heart (T or F)

false

New cards
26

the layer of vessel that comes in contact with blood is the ___

endothelium

New cards
27

varicose veins and hemorrhoids represent pooled blood causing vessel distension

true

New cards
28

____ causes a larger vesel lummen

vasodilation

New cards
29

deep veins allow the body to heat; whereas superficial veins allow the body to __ heat

converse; lose

New cards
30

Pre-capillary sphincters ___________

regulate blood flow

New cards
31

when monocytes leave the blood system and enter the tissue beds, they are called macrophges (T or F)

true

New cards
32

Which of the following do have a nucleus?

leukocytes

New cards
33

Which of the following has a life span of 120 days?

erythrocytes

New cards
34

most foregin objects going down the trachea get trapped in the left bronchus

false

New cards
35

When the diaphragm flattens it moves downward

increasing the volume in the thoracic cavity

New cards
36

the right lung has ___ lobes; whereas the left lung has _ two lobes

3;2

New cards
37

most foreign objects in the trachea get trapped in the right bronchi

true

New cards
38

the thymus is located in the mediastinum

true

New cards
39

the thymus is located posterior to the sternum

true

New cards
40

dealing with edema (excess fluid in the tissue beds) is a major function of the lymphatic system

true

New cards
41

lymph nodes act as filters so disease organisms do not spread

true

New cards
42

external gas exchange occurs in the ___

lungs

New cards
43

lymphatic vessels have valves just like veins

true

New cards
44

The thymus is part of the body’s defense system

true

New cards
45

the diaphragm separates the abdominal and pelvic cavities

false

New cards
46

The epiglottis is the space between the vocal cords

false

New cards
47

the thyroid is part of the body’s defense system

false

New cards
48

the ciliary escalator helps beat impurities up the trachea toward the mouth

true

New cards
49

what part of the throat is behind the mouth

oropharynx

New cards
50

not having a spleen does not result in any deficiency in ones immune system

true

New cards
51

what part of the throat is behind the vocal cords

larngopharynx

New cards
52

veins have valves but lymphatic vessels do not

false

New cards
53

lymph nodes can keep a disease from spreading

true

New cards
54

the left lunch has the cardiac notch

true

New cards
55

surfactant is necessary to keep alveoli cells from collapsing

true

New cards
56

Bronchiole have cartilage on them

false

New cards
57

pseudostratified ciliated columnar cells

at least 2 of the given answers are correct

New cards
58

air filled gas pockets where gas exchange occurs are called ___

aveoli

New cards
59

the diaphragm separates the abdominal and pelvic cavities

false

New cards
60

the glottis is open when straining to lift a heavy object

false

New cards
61

tension of the ___ affects the pitch of ones voice

vocal cords

New cards
62

chemical and gas exchange between blood and interstitial fluid around tissue cells occurs at the ___

capillaries

New cards
63

the lymphatic system:

all these answers are correct

New cards
64

ones thymus is at its maximum size at puberty

true

New cards
65

lymphatic vessels start blindly in the tissue beds

true

New cards
66

the adam’s apple is part of the ___

thyroid cartilage

New cards
67

the spleen is located in the upper right thoracic cavity

false

New cards
68

a spleen does not result in any deficiency in one’s immune system

false

New cards
69

micturition is another word for

urination

New cards
70

blood supply into the kidneys are via the __, while the _ drains blood from the kidneys

renal artery; renal vein

New cards
71

the __ is the tube down which food flows to the stomach

esophagus

New cards
72

the bladder is made up of ___ epithelium that withstands stretching

traditional

New cards
73

the digestive tract has several ways of increasing absorptive surfaces. they include:

all of these are true

New cards
74

the forward movement of muscle contraction is called __

peristalis

New cards
75

the urethra is shorter in men than in women

false

New cards
76

the ___ is the functional unit of the kidney

nephron

New cards
77

deciduous teeth are

baby teeth

New cards
78

the forward movement of food by muscle constriction is called __

peristalsis

New cards
79

Urethras enter the bladder at oblique angles so urine cannot backflow to the kidneys

false

New cards
80

Which of the following is NOT a kidney function?

elimination of carbon dioxide

New cards
81

with reference to the collecting tubules: ___ is removing water from the tubules and returning it to the venous system

reabsorption

New cards
82

Bile is made by the gallbladder

false

New cards
83

Lacteals:

all these answers are correct

New cards
84

__ arterioles carry blood To the glomerulus; whereas _ arterioles carry blood FROM the glomerulus

afferent; efferent

New cards
85

the pancreas providing digestive enzymes is part of its __ function

exocrine

New cards
86

the ascending colon is on the __ side of your body (as you lock down at your feet)

right

New cards
87

on swallowing, the uvula prevents food going to the nasopharynx

true

New cards
88

the valve between the small and large intestine is called the __ valve

ileocecal

New cards
89

the 3 parts of the colon in their correct order from the small intestine are

ascending > transverse > descending

New cards
90

the __ connects the kidney to the urinary bladder

ureter

New cards
91

correctly identify the following:

renal pyramids →

nephrons →

renal pelvis→

→ cone shaped cubes

→ functional unit of kidney

→cone shaped tubes

New cards
92

the __ leaves the glomerular capsule; whereas the _ enters the collecting duct

PCT; DCT

New cards
93

bile helps break down ___

lipids

New cards
94

the juxtaglomerular apparatus is meant to sense when blood pressure is too __ in which case it will release _

low; renin

New cards
95

this spincter is under voluntary control

external anal sphincter

New cards
96

which of the following have microvilli?

small intestine

New cards
97

the proper order for the urine production is:

glomerular > tubular reabsorption > tubular secretion> urine concentration

New cards
98
New cards
99

canine teeth are also called ___

cuspids

New cards
100

the __ surrounds the _

glomerulus; glomerular capsule

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 28 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 134 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 50 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 28846 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(282)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard158 terms
studied byStudied by 110 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard150 terms
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard82 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard60 terms
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard93 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard123 terms
studied byStudied by 46 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)