IAH exam 2

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Altered state of consciousness (5 types):

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168 Terms

1

Altered state of consciousness (5 types):

Sleep, Trance, Hypnosis, Meditation,

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2

Drug induced

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Often drop in blood pressure, increased pulse rate, increased beta-endorphine

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Beta-endorphine

body's pain killer chemical

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5

Trance

-Spirits are culturally specific

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-Specialists often officiate

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Possession trance

a condition, especially an ASC, indigenously interpreted in terms of an alien spirit

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8

Mevlevi Sufi

Takes place in turkey, branch of Islam (Sufi) founded by Mevlana Celaleddin RUMI

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9

Devr

"Rotation" or whirling dance, "Dervish" (class of islam people) is where Devr comes from

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10

Mevlana Celadeddin Rumi

founder of Mevlevi Sufi branch of islam

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11

Allah

Islam God

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12

Sema

Chanting to a state of ecstasy

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13

Dhikr

Chanting the names of God

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14

-collective chanting

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-individual chanting

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-breathing as a form of chant

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Nay

Flute used in Sufi islam rituals

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18

Naat

hymn in Mevlevi Sufi ceremony

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Taksim

improvisation

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Peshrev

-Signal to dance

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-Dance moves counterclockwise

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Folk speech

non-standard, variable aspects of language

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-learned and performed face-to-face

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-conveys both information and style

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"Standard" language

A cultural , (Newscaster Style) is NOT how people speak

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Linguistic

vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation

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Paralinguistic

tone, volume, speed

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Kinesic

facial expressions and gestures

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Dialect

Variety of language that differs in:

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-vocabulary

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-grammar

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-pronunciation

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(ex: northern vs southern Haitian language)

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Register

Ways of speaking in a particular group

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Jargon

Specialized terminology

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-used to communicate within a group as a shorthand

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-used to distinguish group from the outside

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Taboo words

Words to express extreme emotion

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-Curses

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-Excrement

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-combination of both

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(ex: "Yo mama" jokes)

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Glossolalia

speaking in tongues

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Ritual language

used in religious contexts

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Bilingualism

when person speaks more than one language

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Code switching

a form of bilingualism, moving from one language to another in the same conversation

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Cultural evolution

-different cultures are at different stages of cultural development

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Four Stages of Evolution:

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-Primative

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-Savage

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-Barbarian

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-Civilized

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Primative

blacks and africans

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Savage

Natives

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Barbarian

Japanese, Chinese, anyone who isn't christian

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Civilized

Christian whites

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Pathogenic

Native American music that is said to be "arising from emotions"

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Logogenic

European Music that is said to be "arising from reason or logic"

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comparative musicology

Cultural stereotypes

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powwow

"Healing Ceremony"

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part of war dances to protect warriors

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Centric circles, clockwise dancing around drum (toe-heel motion)

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wigwams used for shelter

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Native American intertribal competitions

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Longhouse

type of Native American home

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Slide

moving from one note to another

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Portamento

a slide from one note to another, especially in singing or playing a bowed string instrument

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Falsetto

high range of male voice

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Diminutives

used in Zuni Lullaby, used in dyadic relationships

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Sway songs

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Vocables

syllables used, but have no meaning

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Monophony

single melody song with one instrument and one singer

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tail (Native American song)

native song, a repeat of last phrase, part of grass dance

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yebichai

"Grandfathers of the Gods"

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9 night ceremony

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Part of Nightway Ceremony

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starts with prayer and sweating purification

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sand paintings made

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masked dancers impersonate gods

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Ritual purification of sick person

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sand paintings

depictions of gods

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invitations for gods to participate

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nightway ceremony

Masked dancers impersonate gods

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Ritual purification of sick person

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enemyway ceremony

3 day ceremony

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ritual reenactment of a battle

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enemy ghost is ritually killed

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wigwam

round shaped house

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traditional ojibwe dwelling

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frybread

Native American bread

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traditional dances (men and women)

traditional: regalia worn during powwow

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moccasins and shawl expected

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Jingles made from curved snuff tins

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grass dances

Alternating A and B pattern

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from northern plains people, prairie grass used

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Pulsation throughout the song

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Performed with articulation at the waist

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use of tail (repeat of last phrase)

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fancy dancers

circular bustles on arms and back

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jingle dress dances

jingles made from curved snuff tins

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