medical term ch. 15 urinary

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urinary system

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128 Terms

1

urinary system

Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water, electrolyte and acid-base balance of the blood.

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2

kidneys

Filter blood from the renal arteries and produce urine as waste

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3

ureters

transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder

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4

bladder

urine collects before excreation

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5

urethra

tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

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6

meatus

external opening of a canal

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7

cali/o, calic/o

calyx

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8

cyst/o

bladder

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9

glomerul/o

glomerulus

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10

meat/o

meatus

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11

nephr/o

kidney

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12

pyel/o

renal pelvis

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13

ren/o

kidney

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14

trigon/o

trigone

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15

ur/o, urin/o

urine

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16

ureter/o

ureter

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17

uria

urine

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18

vesic/o

bladder

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19

retroperitoneal

posterior to the peritoneum

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20

filtration

Separating a solid from a liquid

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21

urea

waste product or nitrogen metabolism excreted in normal adult urine

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22

creatine

a compound formed in protein metabolism, found in urine (elevated levels muscular dystrophy) (creatinine)

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23

uric acid

nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine

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24

cortex

outer portion of kidney

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25

medulla

central portion of kidney

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26

hilum

portion of kidney; blood vessels & nerves enter & exit

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27

nephron

functional unit of the kidney

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28

glomerulus

group of capillaries in a nephron

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29

renin

enzyme that is produced by the kidney; important for blood pressure and volume regulation, raises bp

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30

Bowman's capsule

surrounding glomerulus; collection site of urine

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31

renal pelvis

funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter

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32

calices (calyces)

cup-shaped structures in the renal pelvis for the collection of urine

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33

prostate gland

surrounds the proximal urethra, contracts during ejaculation to aid in forward movement of sperm

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34

Foley catheter

the most common type of indwelling catheter

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35

indwelling catheter

remains inside the body for a prolonged time based on need

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36

condom catheter

for urinary sample collection or incontinence

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37

specific gravity

measurement of concentration of wastes, minerals & solids in urine

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38

casts

materials formed in urine when protein accumulates; may indicate renal disease

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39

acetone

ketone that is found in blood, urine, and breath when diabetes mellitus is out of control

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40

ketone

substance results from breakdown of fat (starvation when present)

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41

albumin

a simple protein found in blood plasma (kidney problems if in urine)

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42

bilirubin

produced in liver (high levels: liver disease or hepatitis)

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43

pheylketones

if in infant urine (pku)

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44

cystoscopy

insertion of tubular instrument

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45

cystoscope

instrument for examining the bladder

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46

kidney, uterus, and bladder (KUB)

x ray of 3 parts (KUB)

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47

retrograde pyelogram

x-ray of the bladder and ureters after a contrast medium is injected into the bladder

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48

voiding custourethrography

x ray made after contrast medium while peeing

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49

renogram

radiographic record of the kidney

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50

dialysis

the filtration of the blood using a machine to partially substitute for kidney function by filtering toxins and removing excess water from the body

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51

hemodialysis

dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream

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52

peritoneal dialysis

liquid that extracts from blood inserted into peritoneal cavity & later emptied outside body

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53

extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

breakdown of kidney stones using sound waves generated outside the body

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54

UTI

urinary tract infection

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55

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

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56

glomerlunephritis

inflammation of glomeruli in kidneys (bright disease) result in kidney disease

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57

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

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58

nephrosis

abnormal condition of the kidney

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59

proteinuria

protein in the urine

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60

edema

The retention of fluid in the tissues, resulting in swelling

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61

hydronephrosis

abnormal condition of water in the kidney

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62

polycystic kidney disease

many cysts in the kidneys

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63

kidney (renal) failure

loss of kidney function

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64

uremia

Excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in blood (azotemia)

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65

end-stage renal disease

last of long term chronic kidney disease

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66

wilms tumor

malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood; nephroblastoma

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67

nephroma

tumor of the kidney

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68

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

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69

bladder cancer

malignant tumor of the urinary bladder

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70

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

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71

cystolith

stone in the bladder

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72

anuria

absence of urine

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73

dysuria

painful urination

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74

enuresis

bedwetting

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75

nocturia

frequent urination at night

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76

oliguria

scanty urination

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77

polyuria

excessive urination

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78

incontinence

involuntary discharge of urine or feces

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79

albuminuria

indicates the presence of albumin in urine (proteinuria)

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80

hematuria

presence of blood in the urine

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81

ketonuria

ketones in the urine

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82

pyuria

presence of pus in the urine

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83

atresia

narrowing of ureters or urethra, may be present at birth

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84

urology

study of the urinary tract

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85

nephrolysis

removal of adhesions in kidney

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86

nephrostomy

creation of an artificial opening into the kidney

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87

nephrolithotomy

surgical removal of a kidney stone

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88

nephropexy

surgical fixation of a floating kidney

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89

nephrorrhaphy

suture of an injured kidney

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90

pyelotomy

a surgical incision into the renal pelvis

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91

pyeloplasty

surgical repair of the renal pelvis

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92

ureteroplasty

surgical repair of a ureter

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93

ureterorrhaphy

suturing of the ureter

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94

ureterectomy

the surgical removal of a ureter

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95

lithotomy

incision for the removal of stones

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96

cystopexy

the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall

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97

cystoplasty

surgical repair of the urinary bladder

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98

cystorrphaphy

suturing of damaged bladder

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99

urethroplasty

surgical repair of the urethra

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100

urethropexy

surgical fixation of the urethra

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