Chapter 3: Acquiring Medical Language

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190 Terms

1

adip/o

fat

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2

lip/o

fat

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3

steat/o

fat

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4

cutane/o

skin

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5

derm/o

skin

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6

dermat/o

skin

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7

epidermis

outer layer of skin

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8

squamous cell

flat scaly looking cell

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9

dermis

deepest layer of skin

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10

integumentary system

skin

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11

pil/o

hair

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12

trich/o

hair

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13

hidr/o

sweat

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14

squam/o

scale

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15

onych/o

nail

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16

ungu/o

nail

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17

seb/o

oil

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18

sebace/o

oil

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19

crypt/o

hidden

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20

ichthy/o

scaly

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21

pachy/o

thick

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22

kerat/o

hard, horny

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23

xer/o

dry

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24

rhytid/o

wrinkle

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25

xanth/o

yellow

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26

erythr/o

red

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27

leuk/o

white

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28

alb/o

white

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29

melan/o

black

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30

abrasion

scraping away of skin

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31

albinism

lack of pigment in skin making it look white

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32

albino

a person afflicted with albinism

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33

alopecia

baldness

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34

anhidrosis

lack of sweating

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35

comedo

a hair follicle that is plugged with sebum

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36

cyanidrosis

blue sweat

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37

depigmentation

loss of pigmentation

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38

dermatalgia

skin pain

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39

dermatodynia

skin pain

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40

dermatolysis

loose skin

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41

erythema

redness

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42

erythroderma

red skin

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43

hemathidrosis

sweating blood

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44

hidropoisesis

formation of sweat

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45

hyperhidrosis

excessive sweating

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46

hyperkerotosis

excessive growth of horny skin

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47

hypermelanosis

excessive melanin in the skin

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48

hyperpigmentation

excessive pigment in the skin

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49

hypohidrosis

diminished sweating

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50

hypomelanosis

diminished melanin in the skin

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51

hypopigmentation

diminished pigment in the skin

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52

leukoderma

white skin

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53

macerate

to soften the skin

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54

onychophagia

eating/biting nails

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55

pruritus

an itch

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56

rhytidermia

wrinkled skin

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57

sebopoiesis

formation of oil (sebum)

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58

seborrhea

discharge of oil

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59

trichomegaly

abnormally thick hair

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60

urticaria

swollen raised itchy areas of the skin

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61

xanthoderma

yellow skin

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62

xeroderma

dry skin

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63

xerosis

condition of dryness

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64

macule

freckle; small, flat discolored area

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65

macula

freckle; small, flat discolored area

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66

patch (vitiligo)

larger flat discolored area

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67

papule

small solid mass

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68

plaque

a solid mass on surface of skin

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69

nodule

a solid mass that extends deeper into skin

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70

tumor

a larger solid mass

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71

vesicle

a smaller blister

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72

bulla

a larger blister

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73

pustule

a pus-filled blister

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74

abscess

a localized collection of pus in the body

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75

erosion

loss of skin

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76

ulcer

a sore

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77

excoriation

a scratch

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78

fissure

a crack in the skin

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79

scale

skin flaking off

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80

crust

a dried substance on the skin

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81

vascular lesion

wounds related to blood vessels

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82

cherry angioma

a small blood vessel tumor

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83

telangiectasia (spider angioma)

the overexpansion of the end of a blood vessel; sometimes called a spider angioma because of how it looks on the skin (tel/angi/ectasia)(end/blood vesesel/expansion)

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84

petechia

a small bruise

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85

ecchymosis

a larger bruise

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86

cicatrix (cicatrices is the plural form)

scar

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87

keloid

overgrowth of scar tissue

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88

epidermal tumors

tumors of the skin

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89

nevus

mole

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90

dysplastic nevus

a mole with bad changes/formations

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91

verucca

wart

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92

culture and sensitivity (C&S)

growing microorganisms in isolation in order to determine which drugs it might respond to

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93

biopsy (Bx)

removal of tissue in order to examine it with your own two eyes

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94

excisional biopsy

removal of an entire lesion for examination; to cut it out

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95

incisional biopsy

removal of a portion of a lesion for examination

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96

dermatoscope

instrument used to look at the skin

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97

dermoscopy

procedure for looking at the skin

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98

adipocele

a hernia filled with fatty tissue

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99

dermatofibroma

a fibrous skin turmor

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100

erythrocyanosis

a red and blue discoloration of the skin

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