Medical Terminology Midterm Review

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199 Terms

1

aden/o

gland

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2

bi/o

life

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3

cyt/o

cell

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4

erythr/o

red

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5

gastr/o

stomach

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6

enter/o

intestines (usually the small intestine)

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7

oste/o

bone

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8

derm/o

skin

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9

onc/o

tumor

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10

What does nephr/o refer to?

Kidney

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11

What does adip/o refer to?

Fat

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12

What does chondr/o refer to?

Cartilage

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13

What does sarc/o refer to?

Flesh

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14

What does hepat/o refer to?

Liver

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15

What does arthr/o refer to?

Joint

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16

What does ophthalm/o refer to?

Eye

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17

What does thromb/o refer to?

Clot

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18

What does laryng/o refer to?

Larynx

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19

What does odont/o refer to?

Tooth

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20

What does choledoch/o refer to?

Common bile duct

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21

What does rect/o refer to?

Rectum

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22

What does necr/o refer to?

Death

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23

What does isch/o refer to?

Deficiency, blockage

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24

What does cephal/o refer to?

Head

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25

What does cholecyst/o refer to?

Gallbladder

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26

What does lith/o refer to?

Stone

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27

What does bucc/o refer to?

Cheek

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28

What does gloss/o refer to?

Tongue

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29

What does lingu/o refer to?

Tongue

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30

What does stomat/o refer to?

Mouth

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31

What does steat/o refer to?

Fat

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32

What does glyc/o refer to?

Sugar

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33

What does celi/o refer to?

Abdomen

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34

What does splen/o refer to?

Spleen

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35

What does py/o refer to?

Pus

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36

What does albumin/o refer to?

Albumin (protein)

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37

What does my/o refer to?

Muscle

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38

What does myel/o refer to?

Bone marrow

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39

What does orchi/o refer to?

Testis

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40

What does balan/o refer to?

Glans penis

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41

What does col/o refer to?

Colon

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42

What does noct/o refer to?

Night

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43

What does ur/o refer to?

Urine

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44

What does azot/o refer to?

Nitrogen

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45

What does olig/o refer to?

Scanty, few

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46

What does lapar/o refer to?

Abdomen

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47

What does pylor/o refer to?

Pylorus

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48

What does crin/o refer to?

Secrete

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49

What does dips/o refer to?

Thirst

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50

What does hemat/o refer to?

Blood

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51

What does keton/o refer to?

Ketones

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52

What does pyel/o refer to?

Renal pelvis

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53

What does pharyng/o refer to?

Pharynx

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54

What does jejun/o refer to?

Jejunum

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55

What does cis/o refer to?

To cut

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56

What does cerebr/o refer to?

Brain

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57

What does sperm/o refer to?

Sperm

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58

What does zo/o refer to?

Animal life

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59

What does crypt/o refer to?

Hidden

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60

What does vas/o refer to?

Vessel

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61

What does -uria refer to?

Condition of urine

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62

What does -oma refer to?

Tumor

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63

What does -opsy refer to?

View of

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64

What does -osis refer to?

Condition

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65

What does -itis refer to?

Inflammation

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66

What does -gnosis refer to?

Knowledge

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67

What does -ectomy refer to?

Surgical removal

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68

What does -tomy refer to?

Incision

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69

What does -logy refer to?

Study of

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70

What does -genic refer to?

Producing, originating

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71

What does -cele refer to?

Hernia, swelling

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72

What does -emia refer to?

Blood condition

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73

What does -cision refer to?

Process of cutting

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74

What does -ose refer to?

Sugar

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75

What does -algia refer to?

Pain

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76

What does -scope refer to?

Instrument to view

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77

What does -trophy refer to?

Development, nourishment

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78

What does -orexia refer to?

Appetite

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79

What does -plasty refer to?

Surgical repair

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80

What does -stomy refer to?

Surgical creation of an opening

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81

What does -ist refer to?

Specialist

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82

What does -rrhea refer to?

Discharge, flow

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83

What does -lysis refer to?

Separation, destruction

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84

What does -pnea refer to?

Breathing

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85

What does -ptysis refer to?

Spitting

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86

What does -emesis refer to?

Vomiting

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87

What does -stenosis refer to?

Narrowing

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88

What does -rrhagia refer to?

Bursting forth

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89

What does -tripsy refer to?

Crushing

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90

What does -plasia refer to?

Formation, growth

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91

What does -phagia refer to?

Eating, swallowing

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92

What does -malacia refer to?

Softening

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93

What does -sclerosis refer to?

Hardening

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94

What does -penia refer to?

Deficiency

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95

What does -ic; ac; ical refer to?

Pertaining to

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96

What does -iasis refer to?

Abnormal condition

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97

What does -pexy refer to?

Surgical fixation

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98

What does -uresis refer to?

Urination

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99

What does -therapy refer to?

Treatment

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100

What does -cyte refer to?

Cell

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