PALs Drug Exam 2022

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Albuterol

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Albuterol

Brand: Proventil HFA, Ventolin, ProAir Indication: SABA -> Asthma Major ADRs/SEs: Tremor, bronchospasm,

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Fluticasone

Brand: Flovent Indication: ICS -> Asthma, COPD Major ADRs/SEs: Oral candidiasis (thrush), adrenal suppression

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Fluticasone/Salmeterol

Brand: Advair Diskus Indication: ICS -> Asthma, COPD Major ADRs/SEs: Upper Resp. Tract infection, Cardiac Arrhythmia

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Budesonide/Formoterol

Brand: Symbicort Indication: LABA + ICS -> Asthma, COPD Major ADRs/SEs: Oral candidiasis, nose/throat irritation

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Ipratropium/Albuterol

Brand: Combivent Indication: AC + SABA -> Asthma, COPD Major ADRs/SEs: Angina, hypokalemia, headache, constipation

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Tiotropium

Brand: Spiriva Indication: AC -> Asthma, COPD Major ADRs/SEs: Xerostomia (Dry mouth), pharyngitis, upper resp. tract infection

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Montelukast

Brand: Singulair Indication: Leukotriene Modifier -> Asthma, COPD, AR Major ADRs/SEs: Depression, sleepwalking, nightmares, diarrhea, headache

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Budesonide

Brand: Pulmicort Indication: ICS -> Asthma, COPD Major ADRs/SEs: Oral candidiasis, infection, dizziness/passing out,

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Benzonatate

Brand: Tessalon, Zonatuss Indication: Cough (anti-tussive) Major ADRs/SEs: Constipation, dizziness, headache, nausea

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Varencicline

Brand: Chantix Indication: Smoking Cessation Major ADRs/SEs: Cardiovascular events, vivid dreams, seizures

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Cetirizine

Brand: Zyrtec Indication: 2nd gen H1 agent -> Allergic rhinitis, allergies Major ADRs/SEs: CNS depression

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Loratidine

Brand: Claritin Indication: 2nd gen H1 agent -> Allergic rhinitis, allergies Major ADRs/SEs: Headache

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Triamcinolone

Brand: Kenalog Indication: Corticosteroid -> Atopic dermatitis Major ADRs/SEs: Acneiform eruption, allergic contact dermatitis

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Hydrocortisone

Brand: Westcort, Locoid Indication: Corticosteroid -> Atopic dermatitis Major ADRs/SEs: Acneiform eruption, allergic contact dermatitis

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Colchicine

Brand: Colcrys, Mitigare Indication: Antigout agent Major ADRs/SEs: Diarrhea, N/V, pharyngeal pain

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Allopurinol

Brand: Aloprim, Zyloprim Indication: Antigout agent Major ADRs/SEs: Acute gout attack, hepatotoxicity, rash/hypersentitivity

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Potassium Chloride

Brand: Klor-On, K-sol, K-tab, Micro-K Indication: Oral electrolyte supplement Major ADRs/SEs: Bradycardia, angina, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, abdominal pain

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Cyanobalamin

Brand: Nasocal B-12 Indication: Vitamin supplement Major ADRs/SEs: Headache, infection, weakness (asthenia)

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Folic Acid

Brand: FA - 8 Indication: Vitamin supplement Major ADRs/SEs: Flushing, malaise, pruritus, rash, bronchospasm

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Alendronate

Brand: Fosamax, Binosto Indication: Bisphosphonate derivative -> Metabolic bone disease agent Major ADRs/SEs: Femur fractures, GI mucosal irritation, hypocalcemia, osteonecrosis of the jaw

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Lisinopril

Brand: Prinivil, Zestril Indication: ACE Inhibitor -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Acute kidney injury, angioedema, cough, hyperkalemia, FETAL TOXICITY

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Enalapril

Brand: Vasotec, Epaned Indication: ACE Inhibitor -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Acute kidney injury, angioedema, cough, hyperkalemia, FETAL TOXICITY

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Ramipril

Brand: Altace Indication: ACE Inhibitor -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Acute kidney injury, angioedema, cough, hyperkalemia, FETAL TOXICITY

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Benazepril

Brand: Lotensin Indication: ACE Inhibitor -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Acute kidney injury, angioedema, cough, hyperkalemia, FETAL TOXICITY

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Losartan

Brand: Cozaar Indication: Angiotensin Receptor Blocker -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Acute kidney injury, hyperkalemia, edema, FETAL TOXICITY

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Olmesartan

Brand: Benicar Indication: Angiotensin Receptor Blocker -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Dizziness, headache, FETAL TOXICITY

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Irbesartan

Brand: Avapro Indication: Angiotensin Receptor Blocker -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Renal function deterioration, Angioedema, hyperkalemia, hypotension, FETAL TOXICITY

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Valsartan

Brand: Diovan Indication: Angiotensin Receptor Blocker -> Hypertension Major ADRs/SEs: Acute kidney injury, angioedema, hyperkalemia, hypotension, FETAL TOXICITY

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Hydrochlorothiazide

Brand: Microzide Indication: Thiazide Diuretic -> Hypertension, edema Major ADRs/SEs: Lupus-like rash, dermatologic toxicity, gout, electrolyte disturbances

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Chlorothiadone

Brand: Hydroton Indication: Thiazide-like Diuretic -> Hypertension, edema, HF (more potent than HCTZ) Major ADRs/SEs: Hypotension, alopecia, jaundice, dizziness

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Furosemide

Brand: Lasix Indication: Loop Diuretic -> Edema, fluid overload Major ADRs/SEs: Orthostatic hypotension, SEVER FLUID LOSS/DIURESIS

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Triamterene/HCTZ

Brand: Dyazide, Maxzide Indication: K+ Sparing + Thiazide Diuretics -> HTN, edema Major ADRs/SEs: Hypotension, dizziness, headache, HYPERKALEMIA

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Spironolactone

Brand: Aldactone Indication: K+ Sparing Diuretic -> HTN, HF, edema Major ADRs/SEs: Hyperkalemia, breast tenderness, diarrhea, headache, TUMORIGENIC

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Amlodipine

Brand: Norvasc Indication: Calcium Channel Blocker -> Angina, HTN Major ADRs/SEs: Peripheral edema, flushing, pruritus, abdominal pain

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Nifedipine

Brand: Adalate, Procardia Indication: Calcium Channel Blocker -> Angina, HTN Major ADRs/SEs: Angina/MI, hypotension, syncope, peripheral edema

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Verapamil

Brand: Calan, Isoptin, Verelan Indication: Calcium Channel Blocker -> Angina, AFib, HTN, supraventricular tachycardia Major ADRs/SEs: Acute decompensated HF, bradyarrhythmia, hepatic effects

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Atenolol

Brand: Tenormin Indication: B1 Selective BB -> Angina Major SEs: Bradyarrhythmias, Bronchospasms, CNS effects, hypoglycemia, withdrawal, INCREASED RISK OF MI/ANGINA UPON D/C

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Metoprolol

Brand: Toprol Indication: B1 Selective -> Angina, antiarrhythmic Major SEs: Bradyarrhythmias, Bronchospasms, CNS effects, hypoglycemia, withdrawal, INCREASED RISK OF MI/ANGINA UPON D/C

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Nebivolol

Brand: Bystolic Indication: B1 Selective BB -> Angina, antiarrhythmic Major SEs: Bradyarrhythmias, Bronchospasms, CNS effects, hypoglycemia, withdrawal, INCREASED RISK OF MI/ANGINA UPON D/C

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Propanolol

Brand: Inderal Indication: Non-selective BB -> Angina, antiarrhythmic Major SEs: Bradyarrhythmias, Bronchospasms, CNS effects, hypoglycemia, withdrawal, INCREASED RISK OF MI/ANGINA UPON D/C

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Carvedilol

Brand: Coreg Indication: BB w AB ability -> HF, HTN Major SEs: Bradyarrhythmias, Bronchospasms, CNS effects, hypoglycemia, withdrawal, INCREASED RISK OF MI/ANGINA UPON D/C

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Doxazosin

Brand: Cadura Indication: A1 Blocker -> BPH and HTN (concurrently) Major SEs: Floppy iris syndrome, orthostatic hypotension

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Terazosin

Brand: Hytrin Indication: Alpha 1 Blocker -> BPH and HTN Major SEs: Orthostatic hypotension

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Clonidine

Brand: Catapres, Kapvay, Duraclon Indication: A2 Agonist -> HTN Major SEs: Hemodynamic instability (epidural formulation)

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Hydralazine

Brand: Apresoline Indication: A2 Agonist (vasodilator) -> HTN Major SEs: Lupus-like syndrome

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Guanfacine

Brand: Intuniv Indication: A2 Agonist (vasodilator) -> HTN Major SEs: Cardiovascular effects, CNS effects, rebound HTN

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Atorvastatin

Brand: Lipitor Indication: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor -> Dyslipidemia Major SEs: TERATOGENIC, Rhabdomyolysis, hepatic effects

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Lovastatin

Brand: Altoprev, Mevacor Indication: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor -> Dyslipidemia Major SEs: TERATOGENIC, Rhabdomyolysis, hepatic effects

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Pravastatin

Brand: Pravachol Indication: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor -> Dyslipidemia Major SEs: TERATOGENIC, Rhabdomyolysis, hepatic effects

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Rosuvastatin

Brand: Crestor Indication: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor -> Dyslipidemia Major SEs: TERATOGENIC, Rhabdomyolysis, hepatic effects

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Simvastatin

Brand: Zocor Indication: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor -> Dyslipidemia Major SEs: TERATOGENIC, Rhabdomyolysis, hepatic effects

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Ezetimibe

Brand: Zetia Indication: Major SEs: Cannot be used in combo w/ statins in pregnant patients, hepatic effects, muscle-related effects

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Fenofibrate

Brand: Trilipix, Triglide, Tricor, Lofibra Indication: Fibric Acid -> Dyslipidemia Major SEs: Rhabdomyolysis, photosensitivity, renal effects, hepatic effects

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Niacin

Brand: Niaspan, Slo-Niacin Indication: Vitamin supplement Major SEs: Flushing, headache, itching

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Omega-3-Acid

Brand: Lovaza, Vascepa Indication: Omega 3 Fatty Acid -> Dyslipidemia Major SEs: Dyspepsia, diarrhea, fishy breath/taste

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Rivaroxaban

Brand: Xarelto Indication: Factor Xa Inhibitor -> Anticoagulant Major SEs: Bleeding

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Warfarin

Brand: Coumadin, Jentoven Indication: Vit K Antagonist -> Anticoagulant Major SEs: Bleeding

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Enoxaparin

Brand: Lovenox Indication: Low Molecular Weight Heparin -> Anticoagulant Major SEs: Anticoagulant

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Apixaban

Brand: Eliquis Indication: Factor Xa Inhibitor -> Anticoagulant Major SEs: Bleeding

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Clopidogrel

Brand: Plavix Indication: Thienopyridine ADP Receptor Antag -> Antiplatelet Major SEs: Bleeding

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Dipyridamole + Aspirin

Brand: Aggrenox Indication: Salicylate combination -> Antiplatelet Major SEs: Bleeding

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Epoetin

Brand: Epogen, Procrit Indication: Erythropoiesis stimulating agent -> Antiplatelet Major SEs: Bleeding

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Amiodarone

Brand: Cordarone, Pacerone, Nexterone Indication: Class III (K+ Channel Blocker) Antiarrhythmic Major SEs: Pulmonary fibrosis, arrhythmia

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Digoxin

Brand: Lanoxin, Digitek, Digox Indication: Class V (Miscellaneous, cardiac glycoside) Antiarrhythmic Major SEs: GI Effects, CNS Effects

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Isosorbide Mononitrate

Brand: Imdur Indication: Vasodilator -> Antianginal Major SEs: Hypotension, arrhythmia

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Nitroglycerin

Brand: Minitran, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur,etc. Indication: Vasodilator -> Antanginal Major SEs: Hypotension

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Diltiazem

Brand: Cardiazem, Matzim, Tiazac Indication: Non-Dihydropyridine CCB -> Antianginal, Class IV Anti-HTNive

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