Med Term Unit 3

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133 Terms

1

aden/o

gland

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2

adip/o

fat

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3

albin/o

white

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4

aut/o

self

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5

bi/o

life

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6

blephar/o

eyelid

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7

carcin/o

cancer

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8

caus/o

burn; burning; heat (feeling)

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9

cauter/o

heat; burn (process)

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10

chrom/o

color

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11

cis/o

to cut

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12

cry/o

cold

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13

crypt/o

hidden

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14

cutane/o

skin

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15

cyan/o

blue

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16

cyt/o

cell

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17

derm/a, dermat/o, derm/o

skin

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18

diaphor/o

profuse sweating

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19

ecchym/o

blood in tissues

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20

erythem/o, erythemat/o

redness

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21

erythr/o

red

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22

hidr/o

sweat

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23

hist/o

tissue

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24

ichthy/o

dry; scaly

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25

immun/o

immune; protection

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26

integument/o

covering

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27

jaund/o

yellow

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28

kerat/o

hard, horn-shaped tissue

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29

lip/o

fat

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30

melan/o

black

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31

myc/o

fungus

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32

necr/o

death

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33

onych/o

nail

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34

papill/o

nipple-like

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35

pil/o

hair; hair follicle

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36

prurit/o

itching

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37

psor/o

itching

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38

py/o

pus

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39

rhytid/o

wrinkle

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40

scler/o

hardening

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41

seb/o

sebum (oil secretion)

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42

squam/o

scale

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43

steat/o

fat; sebum

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44

therm/o

hot; heat

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45

trich/o

hair

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46

ungu/o

nail

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47

xanth/o

yellow; yellowish

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48

xen/o

foreign; unlike species

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49

xer/o

dry

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50

a-, an-

not; without

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51

auto-

self

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52

e-, ex-

out; away from

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53

epi-

on; over; upon

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54

hyper-

above; above normal; excessive

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55

hypo-

below; below normal; deficient

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56

in-

in; into; not

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57

intra-

within; into

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58

para-

near; beside; alongside beyond; abnormal

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59

per-

through

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60

sub-

below

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61

-a; -ary, -ic, -ous, -tic

pertaining to

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62

-cyte

cell

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63

-derma

skin

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64

-dermis

skin

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65

-ectomy

surgical removal; excision

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66

-ema

condition

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67

-esis

action; condition; state of

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68

-esthesia

feeling; sensation

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69

-genesis

formation

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70

-iasis

abnormal condition

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71

-ion

process; state; condition

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72

-ism

process; condition

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73

-itis

inflammation

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74

-logy

study of

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75

-oma

tumor; mass

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76

-opsy

view of; viewing

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77

-ose

full of; pertaining to; sugar

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78

-osis

process; abnormal condition

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79

-phagia

eating; swallowing

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80

-plasty

surgical repair

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81

-rrhea

flow; excessive discharge

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82

-therapy

treatment

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83

-tome

instrument that cuts thin sections

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84

adipocytes

cell that specializes in forming/storing fat

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85

collagen

most abundant protein in the body. interwoven elastic protein fibers

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86

dermis

thickest/middle layer. living tissue composed of blood/lymph vessels'/nerve fibers (contains collagen fibers)

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87

epidermis

thin/outer cellular membrane layer. composed of squamous epithelium. arranged in strata. constantly renewing itself

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88

keratin

90% of cells in the epidermis. 3-4 wks after being a basal cell in deep sectino of epidermis, the formed cells come off of the skin

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89

melanocytes

cells that contain black pigment. vital for protection against UV radiation (potential cancer). basal layer of epidermis

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90

sebum

oil/waxy material that lubricates/waterproofs the skin (everywhere except palm/soles/lips) (spreads via hair shaft)

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91

squamous cell

cells located in the epidermis (some in the dermis)

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92

subcutaneous (hypodermis) layer

adipocytes. heat insulator/protects deeper tissue

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93

acne

inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands that produces pimples on the skin

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94

albinism

inherited condition that prevents the normal production of melanin (pale skin and white hair)

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95

alopecia

hair loss from genetics, aging, illness, or medicine

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96

cicatrix

scar left by healed wound

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97

cyanosis

blue/purple discoloration of skin (poor circulation or blood oxygen)

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98

ecchymosis

black/blue/purple bruise from ruptured blood vessels

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99

eczema (dermatitis)

acute/chronic inflammatory skin disease (itchiness/erythema/edema)

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100

gangrene

death (necrosis) of tissue due to loss of blood supply then bacterial infection

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