Biology - cellular respiration and photosynthesis

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chloroplast

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Biology

9th

ugh

31 Terms

1

chloroplast

organelle involved in photosynthesis in plant cells

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2

Mitochondria

POWERHOUSE OF THE CELL 💪

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3

Autotroph

an organism that makes its own food w photosynthesis or chemosnythesis

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4

Heterotroph

an organism that consumes food and does cellular respiration

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5

anaerobe

organism that doesn't use oxygen (fermentation)

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6

aerobe

organism that uses oxygen (cellular respiration)

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7

calorie

amount of energy required to heat 1ml of water 1 degree Celsius unit of measurement basically

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8

Calorie

1000 calories units we measure food in

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9

obligate

can only do cellular respiration or fermentation

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10

facultative

can do both cellular respiration and fermentation

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11

redox reaction

chemical reaction including the transferring of electrons to and from a molecule

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12

adenosine Tri-phosphate

ATP

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13

Cristae

the folds of the inner mitochondrial membrane

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14

matrix

the fluid inside the inner mitochondrial membrane

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15

hexokinase

the first enzyme used in glycosides

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16

NADH

molecule created in glycosis and Krebs cycle that's used to make ATP in the ETC

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17

FADH2

made in the Krebs cycle and used to make ATP in the ETC

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18

GTP

less cool version of ATP, but basically the same

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19

fermentation

a way to make energy that doesn't use oxygen

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20

alcoholic

type of fermentation that turns pyruvic acid and NADH into ethyl

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21

Lactic acid

type of fermentation that turns pyruvic acid and NADH into lactic acid

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22

creatine phosphate

sort of like a steroid, that gives you better endurance bc it delays lactic acid fermentation

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23

pigments

absorb different types of lights wavelengths

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24

chlorophyll

the pigment that absorbs light to turn it into glucose, two types, don't absorb one type of light wavelength

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25

photosystems

cluster of chlorophyll and accessory pigments, there's two types

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26

thylakoids

Membrane bound sac-like photosynthetic blobs that contain the pigments

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27

granum

stacks of thylakoids

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28

stroma

fluid inside the chlorophyll around the thylakoids

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29

Calvin cycle

AKA the light independent reaction, creates one half of glucose, basically.

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30

spectrophotometer

a device that measure how much a solution will absorb a certain wavelength of light (or color)

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31

stomata

tiny holes in leafs and stuff that lets water in and CO2 out.

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