Oral Path ch 7 - vocab

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Aberrant

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Tags and Description

Biology

41 Terms

1

Aberrant

Deviating from the usual or natural type; atypical

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2

Anaplastic

Characterized by a loss of differentiation of cells and their orientation to one another

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3

Bence Jones proteins

Fragments of abnormal immunoglobulins excreted in the urine of patients with multiple myeloma

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4

Benign

A condition that is not life threatening, not cancerous, not malignant.

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5

Benign tumor

A tumor that is not malignant and favorable for treatment and recovery

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6

Carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the epithelium

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7

Central

In oral pathology, describing a tumor or lesion occurring within bone

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8

Dysplasia

Disordered growth; alteration in size, shape, and organization of adult cells

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9

encapsulated

surrounded by a dense band of fibrous connective tissue

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10

Erythroplakia

a clinical term used to describe an oral mucosal lesion that appears as a smooth red patch or a granular red and velvety patch

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11

Enucleation

complete surgical removal without cutting into the lesion

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12

Excision

surgical removal

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13

hyperchromatic

microscopic staining that is more intense than normal

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14

hyperplasia

abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue

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15

immunoglobulin

a protein, also called an antibody, synthesized by plasma cells in response to a specific antigen

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16

Idiopathic

Occurring without known cause

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17

In situ

Confined to the site of origin without invasion of neighboring tissues

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18

Invasion

infiltration and active destruction of surrounding tissues

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19

leukoplakia

clinical term used to identify a white, plaquelike lesion of the oral mucosa that cannot be wiped off or diagnosed as any other disease

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20

malignant

tending to produce death, able to metastasize; describing cancer

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21

malignant tumor

cancer; a tumor that is resistant to treatment and may cause death; a tumor that has the potential for uncontrolled growth and dissemination or recurrence, or both

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22

metastasis

transport of neoplastic cells to parts of the body remote from the primary tumor and the establishment of new tumors at those sites

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23

metastatic tumor

tumor formed by cells that have been transported from the primary tumor to sites not connected with the original tumor

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24

mitotic figure

a term used in a microscopy to describe dividing cells caught in the process of mitosis

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25

Monoclonal spike

an elevation of a single type of immunoglobulin

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26

neoplasia

new growth; the formation of tumors by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells

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27

Neoplasm

Tumor; a new growth of tissue in which growth is uncontrolled and progressive

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28

Waldeyer ring

a ring of lymphatic tissue formed by the two palatine tonsils, the pharyngeal tonsil, the lingual tonsil, and intervening lymphoid tissue.

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29

neoplastic

pertaining to the formation of tumors by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells

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30

neurilemmoma

a peripheral nerve sheath tumor

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31

nevus

a benign tumor consisting of melanocytes

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32

odontogenic

tooth forming

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33

oncology

the study of tumors or neoplasms

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34

pedunculated

attached by a stalk

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35

peripheral

in oral pathology, describing a lesion that occurs on the gingiva or alveolar mucosa

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36

pleomorphic

occurring in various forms

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37

primary tumor

original tumor

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38

sarcoma

malignant tumor of the connective tissue

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39

sessile

attached by a broad base

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40

tumor

neoplasm

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41

undifferentiated

absence of normal differentiation

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