Oxigenoterapia

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Ventilación

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Tags and Description

Biology

11th

25 Terms

1

Ventilación

Entrada y salida de aire

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2

Oxigenación

O2 en la hemoglobina

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3

Respiración

Intercambio gaseoso en los alveolos

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4

Signos de posible hipoxia

Inquietud

Irritabilidad

Aprehensión

Taquicardia

Ansiedad

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5

Qué se debe valorar en un px para ponerle oxígeno?

Posición

Frecuencia ventilatoria

Uso de músculos accesorios

Checar si existe alguna obstrucción

Coloración de la piel

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6

Características de las puntas nasales

1-6 L/min

24-44% de aporte efectivo

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7

Características de la mascarilla simple

5-8 L/min

40-60% de aporte efectivo de oxígeno

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8

Características de la mascarilla reservorio no recirculante

8-15 L/min

60-99% de aporte efectivo de oxígeno

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9

características de la bolsa válvula mascarilla

15 L/min

90-99% de aporte efectivo con oxígeno

21% sin oxígeno

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10

Dispositivos de apoyo

Puntas nasales

Mascarilla simple

reservorio no recirculante de 8 a 10 L/min

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11

Dispositivos de asistencia

Reservorio no recirculante (12-15 L/min)

Bolsa Válvula mascarilla

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12

% de oxígeno que inhalamos

21%

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13

% de oxígeno que exhalamos

17%

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14
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Cánula birman

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15
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Cánula Guedel

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16

Tipos de cánulas orofaríngeas

Birman y Guedel

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17
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Cánula nasofaríngea

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18
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Cánula laringea

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19
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Puntas nasales

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20
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Mascarilla simple

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21
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Mascarilla con bolsa reservorio

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22
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Bolsa Válvula Mascarilla

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23

Técnica para colocar cánula orofaríngea

a 90 y cuando sientas el paladar blando, gira para que la u quede hacia arriba, o a 180 y vas girando

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24

Poner oxígeno

  1. confirmar que la llave y litraje están cerrados

  2. abrir la otra llave en dirección contraria a las manecillas del reloj

  3. cerrar

  4. Colocar dispositivo

  5. Abrir la llave

  6. Abrir flujo

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25

Cuándo ocupas asistencia y cuando apoyo?

Apoyo- respira x si mismo

Asistencia- no respira. Requiere presión positiva

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