Lab 6: Brain and Cranial Nerves

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Central nervous system

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1

Central nervous system

Integrates, processes, and coordinates sensory data and motor commands

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2

Peripheral nervous system

All neural tissue outside of the CNS; relays messages into the CNS and back out to the rest of the body for a response

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Cerebrum

entire brain

<p>entire brain</p>
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cerebral hemispheres

each half of a full brain

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Corpus callosum

<p></p>
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6

cerebral cortex

name this layer

Outer layer of the cerebrum

<p>name this layer</p><p>Outer layer of the cerebrum</p>
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7

Gyri

Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex

<p>Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex</p>
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Sulci

shallow grooves that separate gyri

<p>shallow grooves that separate gyri</p>
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Fissures

DEEP, elongated grooves on the cerebrum

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10

Longitudinal fissure

separates cerebral hemispheres

<p>separates cerebral hemispheres</p>
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11

Lateral sulcus

<p></p>
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12

Parieto-occipital sulcus

separates parietal and occipital lobes

<p>separates parietal and occipital lobes</p>
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13

Central sulcus

<p></p>
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14

Precentral gyrus

<p></p>
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15

Postcentral gyrus

<p></p>
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Frontal lobe

<p></p>
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17

Parietal lobes

<p></p>
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Temporal lobes

<p></p>
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19

Occipital lobe

<p></p>
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Insula

<p></p>
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Cerebellar hemispheres

<p></p>
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22

Cerebellar cortex

Name this LAYER

<p>Name this LAYER</p>
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23

Folia

Name this STRUCTURE

<p>Name this STRUCTURE</p>
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24

Vermis

<p></p>
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25

Arbor vitae

white matter of the cerebellum

<p>white matter of the cerebellum</p>
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Thalamus

The "whites" of the "fried egg"

<p>The "whites" of the "fried egg"</p>
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27

Hypothalamus

<p></p>
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28

Pineal gland

"pink ponytail"

<p>"pink ponytail"</p>
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Anterior commissure

<p></p>
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interthalamic adhesion

the "yolk" of the "fried egg"

<p>the "yolk" of the "fried egg"</p>
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Mamillary bodies

<p></p>
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Optic chiasm

point at which optic nerve fibers cross in the brain

<p>point at which optic nerve fibers cross in the brain</p>
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Optic nerve

<p></p>
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Optic tract

<p></p>
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35

Pituitary gland

<p></p>
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Infundibulum

A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.

<p>A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.</p>
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Tectum

<p></p>
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Superior colliculi

<p></p>
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Inferior colliculi

<p></p>
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Corpora quadrigemina

ALL four together

<p>ALL four together</p>
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41

Aqueduct of midbrain

Name this passageway

<p>Name this passageway</p>
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Tegmentum

<p></p>
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Cerebral peduncles

<p></p>
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Pons

<p></p>
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Transverse fibers

horizontal striations on pons

<p>horizontal striations on pons</p>
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Medulla oblongata

<p></p>
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Olive

<p></p>
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Central canal

Name this passageway

<p>Name this passageway</p>
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49

Lateral ventricle

<p></p>
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Septum pellucidum

<p></p>
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Interventricular foramina

<p></p>
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Third ventricle

<p></p>
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Choroid plexus

<p></p>
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Aqueduct of midbrain (ventricle model)

<p></p>
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Fourth ventricle

<p></p>
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Dura mater

Number 3 on picture

<p>Number 3 on picture</p>
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Arachnoid mater

Number 2 on picture

<p>Number 2 on picture</p>
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Pia mater

Number 1 on picture

<p>Number 1 on picture</p>
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Falx cerebri

separates the two cerebral hemispheres

<p>separates the two cerebral hemispheres</p>
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Tentorium cerebelli

separates cerebrum from cerebellum

<p>separates cerebrum from cerebellum</p>
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Falx cerebelli

separates the two hemispheres of the cerebellum

<p>separates the two hemispheres of the cerebellum</p>
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Superior sagittal sinus

<p></p>
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Inferior sagittal sinus

<p></p>
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Transverse sinus

<p></p>
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Amygdala

<p></p>
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Cingulate gyrus

<p></p>
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Fornix

<p></p>
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Hippocampus

<p></p>
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Olfactory nerve

CN I

<p>CN I</p>
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olfactory tracts

<p></p>
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olfactory bulbs

<p></p>
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Optic nerve

CN II

<p>CN II</p>
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Occulomotor nerve

CN III

<p>CN III</p>
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Trochlear Nerve

CN IV

<p>CN IV</p>
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Trigeminal Nerve

CN V

<p>CN V</p>
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Abducens Nerve

CN VI

<p>CN VI</p>
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Facial Nerve

CN VII

<p>CN VII</p>
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Vestibulochochlear Nerve

CN VIII

<p>CN VIII</p>
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Glossopharyngeal Nerve

CN IX

<p>CN IX</p>
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Vagus Nerve

CN X

<p>CN X</p>
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Accessory Nerve

CN XI

<p>CN XI</p>
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Hypoglossal nerve

CN XII

<p>CN XII</p>
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