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1453

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22 Terms

1

1453

Ottomans capture Constantinople

  • Allowed for Ottoman expansion into Europe

  • Muslim expansion into Europe

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2

1450s

Printing Press in Europe (Gutenberg)

  • Helped to spread knowledge and ideas across Europe during the Renaissance

  • Paper production for plays and literature

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3

c.1480s

Height of Aztec Empire

  • 5 to 6 million people

  • Successful agricultural methods, technological advances, controlled lots of land

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4

1488

Dias rounds Cape of Good Hope

  • First European to round the southern tip of Africa

  • New sea route from Europe to Asia

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5

1492

Columbus/Reconquista of Spain

  • Spain expelled Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula

  • Columbus helped to expand Spain's power to the Americas

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6

1502

1st African slaves to Americas

  • Beginning of hundreds of years of slavery in Americas

  • Large migration

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7

1517

Martin Luther/ Protestant Reformation

  • Resulted in the creation of the Christian branch of Protestantism

  • Martin Luther: created Protestantism

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8

1519-1521

Cortez conqeured the Aztecs

  • End of Aztec empire, beginning of Spanish rule

  • Increased trade, wipeouts of Aztecs, spread of diseases, migration

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9

1521-1523

Magellan circumnavigates the Earth

  • Expanded knowledge about the world

  • Opened up the rest of the world to Europe

  • Expanded Portuguese power

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10

1529

1st unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna (Suleiman the Magnificient)

  • Beginning of the end of Ottoman rule in Europe

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11

1533

Pizarro topples the Inca

  • End of the Inca empire, beginning of Spanish colonization

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12

1545

Discovery of silver at Potosi

  • Potosi silver mine became source of silver for 60% of world's supply

  • center of Spanish Empire wealth

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13

1571

Battle of Lepanto (Ottoman naval defeat)

  • Christian naval force beats the Muslim Ottomans

  • Beginning of religious warfare in the Mediterranean

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14

1571

1st Manila Galleon (global trade of silver)

  • Luxury goods and spices traded in the Americas for New World Silver

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15

1588

Spanish Armada

  • Defining moment in Elizabeth I's rule

  • Secured Protestant rule in England

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16

1600

Battle of Sekigahara (beginning of Tokugawa Shogunate)

  • Largest battle in Japanese feudal history

  • Started Tokugawa Shogunate

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17

1607

Foundation of Jamestown

  • First permanent English settlement in the Americas

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18

1618-1648

30 Years War (continential Europe fought over Catholicism trying to be imposed on Protestant peoples)

  • Divided Germany into several different states, and strengthened France as a power

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19

1644-1911

Qing Dynasty

  • Final imperial dynasty of China

  • Large prosperity and increased trade and exploration for the Chinese

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20

1652

Cape Town Colony founded by Dutch

  • Supplied ships on the journey to China

  • Began Dutch expansion into Africa (apartheid too)

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21

1683

2nd unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna (Mehmet IV)

  • End of Turkish expansion into Europe

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22

1689

Glorious Revolution/English Bill of Rights (was a basis for later American Bill of Rights)

  • Permanently establish the Parliament as the ruling power of England

  • Bill of Rights: framework for Americans, created free speech and elections

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