Patho quiz 2

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Aldosterone

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34 Terms

1

Aldosterone

Mineralocorticoid hormone that increases the reabsorption of sodium and water in Renal tubules

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2

Anion

Negatively charged ion

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3

Anorexia

Loss of appetite

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4

Antidiuretic hormone

Increases absorption of water in Renal tubules

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5

Ascites

Have abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity

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6

Atrial natriuretic peptide

Hormone secreted to send signals and lower blood pressure and cardiac hypertrophy

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7

Carpopedal spasm

Strong muscle contraction of the hand or foot

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8

Capillary permeability

Increased/inflamed proteins in large molecules are lost in interstitial fluid

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9

cation

Cation positively charged ion

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10

Diffusion

Movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to low concentration

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11

Diuretic

Medicine to reduce or remove fluids in body

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12

Dysthymia

Abnormal or irregular heartbeat

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13

Edema

Swelling caused by too much fluid, trapped in body tissues

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14

Electrocardio gram

Record of conduction in heart

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15

Extra cellular

Fluid outside the cell

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16

Filtration

Physical separation process that separate solid matter and fluid from mixture

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17

Hydrostatic pressure

The pressure of blood against the wall

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18

Hypertonic/hyper-osmolar

external solution with high solute concentration and low water concentration compared to body fluids.

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19

Hypervolemia

Body has too much fluid

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20

Hypo magnesia

Electrolyte disturbance caused by low serum magnesium level in the blood

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21

Hypothalamus

A structure deep within your brain

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22

Interstitial fluid

Fluid that fills spaces between cells

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23

Intracellular

Located within the cells

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24

Isotonic/iso-osmolar

Solutes on both sides of membrane can’t cross

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25

Laryngospasm

Closer of larynx obstructing airways

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26

Milliequivalent

Unit of measure used for electrolytes

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27

Nonvolatile metabolic acids

Acid produced by body from sources, not carbon dioxide not excited from lungs – produced from in complete metabolism of carbs, proteins and fats

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28

osmorereceptors

Sensory nerve receptors stimulated by changes in fluid and electrolyte concentrations

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29

Osmosis

Movement of H2O from high concentration to low

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30

Osmotic pressure

Minimum pressure applied to solution to prevent in word flow of pure Sullivant through semi permeable membrane

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31

Paresthesia

Abnormal sensationS

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32

Skin tugor

Skim elasticity

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33

Tetany

Repeated skeletal muscle contraction or spasms in the face and extremities

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34

Transcellular

Substance travels through the cell

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