Middle East

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40 Terms

1

first civilization

Sumerians

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2

ziggurates

giant temples that connect heaven and earth

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3

persian empire was where?

modern day iran

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4

Founder of Islam

Muhammed

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5

Muslim holy book

quran

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6

The hegira

Muslims were forced to flee Mecca

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7

Holiest places of Islam

Mecca, Medina, Jeruslam

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8

House of wisdom

religions joined together to create a ¨library¨ for everyone

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9

famous poets

Rumi

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10

Crusades

pope calls for christian knights to take back Jerusalem and holy sites in the 1090s

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11

Zionists

people who favored a Jewish national homeland in Palestine

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12

Six day war

Israel defeated the Arab states

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13

West bank

Israel gained control as a result of the six day war

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14

Balfour Decaration

Declared by Great Britain giving Jewish a national home in Palestine

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15

Settlements

exist in previously Palestinian territory

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16

Pahlavi Dynasty

nationalized Irans oil

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17

Gulf War

Between Iraq and Kuwait over oil reserves

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18

Iraq War

Us invades Iraq to remove Hussein

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19

1800s

origns of Judaism

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20

1948

Israeli state founded

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21

600s

Islam established and spreads

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22

Hummurabis Code

a collection of 282 rules, established standards for commercial interactions and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice.

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23

troah

The first 5 books of the Jewish Bible

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24

Yahweh

Jewish god

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25

Moses

freed the Israelites from Eqypt

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26

Abraham

The father of Judaism

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27

disapora

the spread of people for their original homeland

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28

two state solution

conflict envisions an independent State of Palestine alongside the State of Israel, west of the Jordan River.

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29

5 pillars of Islam

Proession of faith

prayer 5 times a day

charity

romadon

haju

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30

golden age of islam

everything and everyone is cexisting as one

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31

Yom kipper war

arab-israel attck that was set out on yom kipper

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32

un partition plan

Jersual was to become a international city woned by neather side

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33

fertile crescent

a crescent-shaped region in Western Asia

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34

cuneiform

the oldest form of writing in the world

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35

hebrew

Irasli laugage

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36

Exodus

the second book of the Bible

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37

passover

the seven-day holiday for Jews and Isreals

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38

Dome of the rock

Islamic shrine

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39

Mecca

a city in Saudi Arabia that was the birthplace of Muhammad and is the holiest city of Islam.

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40

Synagogue

Jewish church

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