Art History 1 Exam 1

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Stone henge

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1

Stone henge

neolithic period/new stone age

3k to 2k

made out of sarsen stones and bluestones

<p>neolithic period/new stone age</p><p>3k to 2k</p><p>made out of sarsen stones and bluestones</p>
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2

what is the structure of stone henge

mortise and tenon construction and interlink

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3

What are some purposes of stone henge

burial site for men and women

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4

Great Stupa

Mahayana Buddhism

3k BCE - 100 CE

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5

why was the great stupa made

for monks by a royal

<p>for monks by a royal</p>
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6

important features

yasti: pole at the top to symbolize the universe

Torana: For entrances for the cardinal directions

Vedika: an outer fence to separate the sacred and profane

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7

who made the parthenon

iktinos and kallikrates

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8

Parthenon

447- 432 BCE

Athens

Classical period

<p>447- 432 BCE</p><p>Athens</p><p>Classical period</p>
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9

What was the parthenon built for

A temple for Athena

symbol for democracy

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10

Important aspects of the Parthenon

Pediment: Big triangle in the front

Metopes: Pocket and squares of artwork

Frieze: Gods and Goddesses in mythological scenes inside/behind the metopes

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11

Venus of Willendorf

Paleolithic era

28 k - 25 k BCE

made out of clay

<p>Paleolithic era</p><p>28 k - 25 k BCE</p><p>made out of clay</p>
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12

What did Venus of Willendorf symbolize

nomadic life system, fertility, and porn

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13

Standard of Ur

Neolithic era

2700-2400 BCE

<p>Neolithic era</p><p>2700-2400 BCE</p>
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14

What was the standard of Ur made for

A burial ritual and had a mosaic inside

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15

What does the peace side of Ur symbolize

when society runs smoothly with class separations

<p>when society runs smoothly with class separations</p>
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16

What does the war side of Ur symbolizes

When society is at war

<p>When society is at war</p>
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17

What material is Standard of Ur made out of

Shell

Red Limestone

lapis Lazuli

Bituman

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18

funerary krater

Geometric Greek Period

750-735 BCE

<p>Geometric Greek Period</p><p>750-735 BCE</p>
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19

What materials is a funerary krater made out of

Terracotta

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20

What is Slip

Liquid clay used as paint

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21

What was a funerary krater for

A graver marker of a war hero

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22

New York Kouros

Archaic Greek Period

590-580 BCE

<p>Archaic Greek Period</p><p>590-580 BCE</p>
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23

What was the New York Kouros made out of

Marble

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24

What did the New York Kouros symbolize

A grave marker

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25

Anavysos Kourus

Archaic Greek Period

530 BCE

<p>Archaic Greek Period</p><p>530 BCE</p>
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26

What was the Anavysos Kouros made out of

Marble

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27

What did Anavysos Kourus symbolize

A grave marker for Kroisos

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28

Phrasikelia Kore

Archaic Greek Period

550-540 Period

Aristion of Paros

<p>Archaic Greek Period</p><p>550-540 Period</p><p>Aristion of Paros</p>
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29

What was Phrasikelia Kore made out of

marble

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30

Doryphoros

Classical Greek Period

450 BCE

Polykleitos

<p>Classical Greek Period</p><p>450 BCE</p><p>Polykleitos</p>
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31

What material was Doryphoros

Marble copy

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32

Contrapposto

shift in weight and opposites between tense and relax

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33

Laocoon and His sons

49 CE

Hellenistic Greek Period

Athendoros, Hayesandros, Polyderos

<p>49 CE</p><p>Hellenistic Greek Period</p><p>Athendoros, Hayesandros, Polyderos</p>
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34

What was Laocoon and His sons made out of

Marble copy

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35

Dying Gaul

Hellenisitic period

230-220 BCE

<p>Hellenisitic period</p><p>230-220 BCE</p>
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36

What was the dying gaul made out of

Marble Copy

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37

Vitruvian Man

Renaissance

1485-1490

Leonardo Da Vinci

<p>Renaissance</p><p>1485-1490</p><p>Leonardo Da Vinci</p>
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38

What was the Vitruvian Man made out of

Ink on paper

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39

What was important about the Vitruvian Man

combined math and art for body proportions

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40

Mona Lisa

Renaissance

1503-1505

Leonardo Da Vinci

<p>Renaissance</p><p>1503-1505</p><p>Leonardo Da Vinci</p>
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41

what was the Mona Lisa made out of

Oil on Wood

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42

Sfumato

Smoky and hazy quality to an artwork

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43

Madonna of the Rocks

Renaissance

1483-1490

Leonardo Da Vinci

<p>Renaissance</p><p>1483-1490</p><p>Leonardo Da Vinci</p>
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44

What gene is Madonna of the Rocks

group portrait

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45

Last Supper

Renaissance

1495-1498

Leonardo Da Vinci

<p>Renaissance</p><p>1495-1498</p><p>Leonardo Da Vinci</p>
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46

What was the Madonna on Rocks made out of

Oil on Wood

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47

What was the Last Supper made out of

Oil & Tempera on plaster

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48

What genre is Last Supper

History

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49

Greek meander

Rum of funerary crater the maze

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50

iconoclasm

Destruction of art due to religion

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51

Geometric period

Polis, religion, poetry

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52

Archaic period

Military, philosophy, colonizations

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53

Classical period

Victory, democracy, arts, empire

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54

Hellenistic period

Wealth, art and history, library, mythology, Roman rule

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