WW2 History Test

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what are the three events that ‘started ww2’ depending on perspective

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1

what are the three events that ‘started ww2’ depending on perspective

  1. Japan invaded china

  2. Germany invades poland

  3. Pearl Harbor

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2

what was the Japenese objective in WW2

to dominate asia

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3

why did Japan attack the United States

U.S. cut off supply of steel and oil

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4

what were germany’s 3 objectives

  1. to reunite the German people

  2. to conquer europe

  3. defeat the Soviet union

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5

what caused the rise of Nazism in Germany

  1. anger and hatred from losing WW1

  2. economic depression

  3. hatred of the Jewish people/ evolution

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6

WW2 began for the United States on what date

Dec. 7. 1941

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7

what happened on that date (Dec 7 1941)

pearl harbor

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8

who are the axis

germany, Japan, italy

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9

who are the allies

u.s. Russia, england

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10

how and when did Adolf Hitler come to power

was democratically elected in 1933

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11

who are the Brown Shirts

street mobs of people (protesting) enforced their worldview through intimidation

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12

what did Hitler and Stalin sign (bonus)

non agression pact

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13

what does Nazi stand for

national socialist

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14

what was the philosophical foundations of Nazism

evolution, the idea that human life is the same as animal life and it does not have value

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15

what is anti-semitism

racial hatred against jews

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16

what is Blitzkrieg

Lighting war, Germany’s fast attack using planes and tanks

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17

What countries did Hitler conquer

Western europe in 1940, and Belgium, Denmark, France, Netherlands, and norway

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18

what was the battle of dunkirk

british army escaped german encirclement, and escaped back to england

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19

what was the battle of britan

germany tries to bomb england into submission

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20

who was winston churchill

Prime minister of england

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21

who was the leader of the Soviet union during WW2

Joseph stalin

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22

who is the president who was elected more than twice

Franklin D. Roosevelt

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23

what was operation Barbarossa

the largest land invasion in history, hitler’s attack on russia

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24

what amphibious battle served to show the determination of American troops

Guadalcanal

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25

Omar Bradley the American general was known as a hero to?

the infantry men of WW2

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26

who was the overall commander of the Allied (british American) troops?

Dwight d. Eisenhower

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27

what famous american tank commander was known for his aggressive attacks?

George Patton

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28

what American general led a brilliant defense of the Phillipines before eventually being forced to evacuate

Douglas McCarther

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29

what leading Naval Officer commanded the U.S. Troops in the Pacific

Admiral Nimitz

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30

what battle was the turning point of the war in the pacific

battle of midway

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31

What happened (battle of Midway)

Battle between carrier fleets, U.S. destroyed most of Japanese fleet

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32

what battle’s were the turning point in the war in europe

battle of Britain and Stalingrad

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33

what happened at each one (Britan and Stalingrad)

Russians defeated Germans at Stalingrad, British defeated germans

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34

the battle of Kursk was what?

largest tank battle in history, russians beat germans

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35

what is D day

allies amphibious invasion of France

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36

who was a leading German general (not a Nazi) who was forced to commit suicide after being accused of treason by Adolph hitler

Erwin Rommel

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37

where did the allies first attack, the attack second, the third in Europe

  1. North africa

  2. Italy

  3. france

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38

what was the battle of the buldge

germany’s last effort to defeat the allies- major attack

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39

what were concentration camps

german camps where Jews were imprisoned and murdered

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40

how many Jews were killed during WW2

roughly 6 million

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41

what is the final solution

nazi plan for the extermination of all Jews living in europe

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42

what was a very common way jews were killed during ww2

gas chambers

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43

who is Heinrich himmler

hitler’s right hand man, head of ss, architect of the final solution

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44

what is kamikaze

japenese pilots who used their own planes to destroy American ships while still in them

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45

what is Island hopping

an amphibious invasion that conquers an island, using that island to keep hopping

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46

what was the Manhattan project

the project to build atomic bomb

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47

what happened at Hiroshima and Nagasaki

US dropped atomic bombs, wiping out the cities

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48

why was the decision made and why was it a good decision to drop the bomb

japan refused to surrender, and Soviet union was conquering Asia

the alternative was countless more lives being lost

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49

who was the US chief of staff during WW2

george marshall

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