AP English 12 Vocab 2022-23

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50 Terms

1

dichotomy

n. a division of contrast between two things syn: division, contrast ant: coherence, cohesion, unity

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2

catharsis

n. process of releasing strong emotion syn: purging, releasing ant: suppression

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3

redemption

n. action of being saved from sin, error, or evil syn: forgiveness, salvation ant: sin, corruption

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4

steadfast

adj. staying the same for a long time syn: resistant, solid, stable ant: changeable, capricious, mercurial

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5

alacrity

n. a cheerful readiness syn: enthusiasm, readiness ant: indifference, apathy

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6

perspicacious

adj. having a keen insight syn: sagacious, sage ant: dim-witted, obtuse

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7

glean

v. to infer by using evidence syn: infer, deduce

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8

perspicuity

n. clarity and lucidity of meaning syn: clarity, lucidity ant: ambiguity, obfuscation

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9

cogent

adj. clear, logical, convincing syn: clear, logical, convincing ant: confusing, unclear

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10

affinity

n. a natural liking or ability for something syn: ability, inclination ant: dislike, aversion

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11

levity

n. humor in a serious situation syn: lightness, frivolity ant: seriousness

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12

agrarian

adj. relating to the cultivation of land syn: agricultural ant: urban

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13

languish

v. to lose or lack vitality syn: weaken, deteriorate ant: thrive, flourish

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14

fallacious

adj. based on a mistaken belief syn: erroneous, inaccurate ant: true, correct

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15

amalgam

n. a mixture or blend of different components syn: combination, blend, mixture ant: separation

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16

anecdote

n. a short story about a real incident, used to make a point syn: story

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17

opaque

adj. not able to be seen through, not transparent syn: murky, cloudy, non-transparent ant: clear, transparent

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18

augment

v. to make greater by adding to syn: add, increase ant: lessen, decrease

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19

abrogate

v. to repeal or do away with as in law or agreement syn: repeal, negate, decodify ant: implement, ratify

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20

mercurial

adj. subject to sudden changes of mood syn: changeable, capricious, unpredictable ant: predictable, stable

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21

affected

adj. demonstrating behavior that is not truly felt syn: fake, phony, pretentious ant: real, genuine

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22

turpitude

n. depravity, wickedness syn: depravity, wickedness ant: goodness, kindness

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23

vehement

adj. showing forceful passion in speech or tone syn: forceful, passionate, expressive ant: subdued, uninspired

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24

suffice

v. to be enough syn: serve, do

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25

acrid

adj. irritatingly strong in smell or taste syn: harsh, pungent, caustic ant: aromatic, fragrant

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26

herald

v. to signal, foreshadow syn: signal, foreshadow

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27

axiom

n. an established proposition or truth syn: fact, rule, truth

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28

grandiloquence

n. lofty or pompous speech (designed to show off) syn: bombast ant: simplicity, brevity

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29

ignominious

adj. publicly disgraceful, causing shame syn: disgraceful, humiliating, embarrassing

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30

fecund

adj. producing or capable of producing (in an organic way) syn: fertile, fruitful, productive ant: barren

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31

evince

v. to show or reveal syn: show, reveal ant: hide

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32

ascetic

n. one who dedicates life to simplicity and abstinence from sensory pleasure syn: monk ant: materialist adj. rigorously abstinent from material goods syn: austere, simple

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33

furlough

n. a leave of absence syn: vacation, leave ant: work

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34

pedagogy

n. method and practice of teaching syn: teaching

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35

wistful

adj. having or showing a feeling of regretful longing syn: regretful ant: joyful

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36

ablution

n. a cleansing with water, usually as ritual syn: cleansing, baptism ant: staining, sin

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37

allegory

n. a story, poem, or picture with a hidden meaning

syn: anecdote, metaphor

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38

churlish

adj. rude, mean-spirited, surly

syn: rude, mean-spirited, surly

ant: polite

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39

colloquial

adj. language used in ordinary/familiar conversation

syn: informal, conversational, casual

ant: formal, literary

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40

ambivalent

adj. having mixed/contradictory feelings

syn: unsure, uncertain, indecisive

ant: certain

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41

euphemism

n. word or expression substituted for another, harsher one

syn: replacement, substitution

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42

pugnacious

adj. inclined to quarrel or fight

syn: belligerent, combative

syn: passive, peaceable

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43

elude

v. to evade or escape from

syn: escape, evade, ditch

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44

temerity

n. excessive boldness or confidence

syn: boldness, confidence, audacity

ant: cowardice

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45

venerable

adj. commanding respect due to age, dignity, or wisdom

syn: respectable, august

ant: lowly, undignified

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46

ardent

adj. passionate, enthusiastic, fervent

syn: passionate, enthusiastic, fervent

ant: indifferent, apathetic

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47

entice

v. to lead by exciting hope or promise

syn: lure, lead

ant: repel, reject

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48

mien

n. someone’s demeanor, presentation

syn: demeanor, presentation

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49

desecrate

v. to treat with violent disrespect

syn: destroy

ant: praise

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50

idiom

n. an expression that means something other than the words

syn: expression, saying

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