WH9 Ch 20 Sec 1-2

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who is the genoese sea captain who reaches americas?

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1

who is the genoese sea captain who reaches americas?

christopher columbus

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2

where does christopher columbus think he is?

east indies

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3

where does he actually land?

an island probably in bahamas

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4

in 1493, he sets out for where with what?

americas with a large fleet

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5

how many ships are in the fleet?

17

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6

what does spain aim to set up?

colonies

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7

what are colonies?

lands controlled by a foreign nation

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8

who named america?

Martin Waldseemuller

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9

who did he name america after?

Amerigo Vespucci

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10

who claims brazil for portugal?

Pedro Alvares Cabral

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11

who identifies south america as new continent?

Amerigo Vespucci

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12

who reaches the pacific ocean for spain?

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

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13

who leaves to sail around the world?

Ferdinand Magellan

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14

how does magellan die?

killed by indies

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15

was the trip finished and who finished it? how many people were on the crew finished it and how long did it take?

no the trip was not finished and the crew finished it. 5 people; 3 years

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16

in 1519, who lands in mexico?

hernando cortes

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17

who is hernado cortes?

spanish adventurer

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18

what does hernado cortes become known as?

conquistadors

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19

what are conquistadors?

spanish conquerors

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20

what wipe out large numbers of aztecs?

european diseases

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21

what is the biggest reason for natives dying?

diseases

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22

who is the spanish conqueror that leads force to peru?

Francisco Pizarro

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23

what is mestizo?

mixed spanish and native population

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24

what is a encomienda system?

spanish force native americans to work for them

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25

what is the predominant cash crop grown?

sugar cane

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26

who enlarges its navy?

spain

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27

why does spain enlarge its navy?

to protect ships carrying treasure

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28

who claims florida for spain

Juan Ponce de Leon

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29

in 1540s, who explores southwest and finds little gold?

Francisco Coronado

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30

in early 1600s, spanish establish capital of what?

santa fe

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31

who protest mistreatment of native americans?

catholic priests

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32

who abolished encomienda system?

spain

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33

who takes the need for workers in mines and on farms?

enslaved africans

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34

Who starts colonies in North America?

French, English, Dutch

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35

Who founds Quebec?

Samuel de Champlain

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36

What is New France?

French colony in North America

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37

What does New France include?

Great Lakes and Mississippi River valley

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38

New France is very large but has few what?

inhabitants

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39

What is the main activity of the colony?

fur trade

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40

Who does King James permit to start North American colony?

investors

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41

What do colonist found in 1607?

Jamestown

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42

What is Jamestown?

English settlement in Virginia

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43

Who are the pilgrims and where are they found?

a group persecuted for religion; Plymouth

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44

What was the name of the Pilgrims ship?

mayflower

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45

Who are the puritans and where do they settle?

group seeking religious freedom; Massachusetts

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46

What do many families in Massachusetts ________which begins to grow.

colony

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47

In 1609, who explores the waterways for the Dutch?

Henry Hudson

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48

Dutch claim land and found what?

New Netherlands

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49

Modern New Netherlands

Albany and New York City

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50

Dutch focus of fur trade. Who do they welcome?

Settlers from other lands

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51

Who also starts colonizing in the Caribbean?

European nations

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52

What kind of plantations are worked by enslaved Africans?

cotton and sugar

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53

In 1664, what do the English force the Dutch colonist to do?

surrender control

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54

By 1750, about how many settlers are in the 13 colonies?

1.2 million

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55

English settlers, pushing west collide with who?

French

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56

What war is also apart of the Seven Years War and begins in 1754?

French and Indian War

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57

In 1763, what makes France give up its American colonies?

they lose to Britain

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58

Which is more deadly to the Native Americans, wars or diseases?

diseases

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59

Who do colonist use to work in place of Native Americans?

enslaved Africans

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60

Why did the enslaved Africans work?

It was the end of encomienda

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61

In the Atlantic slave trade, what % did the colonist own?

1.4%

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62

How much did each slave cost?

$35,000

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63

How many slaves were there total?

9.5 million

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64

What % of slaves came to North America?

4%

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