Muscles of the Gluteal Region

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Outer surface of ilium, sacrum, coccyx, sacrotuberous ligament

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Outer surface of ilium, sacrum, coccyx, sacrotuberous ligament

Gluteus maximus origin

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Iliotibial tract and gluteal tuberosity of femur

Gluteus maximus insertion

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3
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Inferior gluteal nerve

Gluteus maximus nerve

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Extends and laterally rotates hip joint; through iliotibial tract, it extends knee joint

Gluteus maximus action

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Outer surface of ilium

Gluteus medius origin

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Lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur

Gluteus medius insertion

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Superior gluteal nerve

Gluteus medius nerve

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Abducts thigh at hip joint; tilts pelvis when walking to permit opposite leg to clear ground

Gluteus medius action

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Outer surface of ilium

Gluteus minimus origin

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Anterior surface of greater trochanter femur

Gluteus minimus insertion

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Superior gluteal nerve

Gluteus minimus nerve

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Abducts thigh at hip joint; tilts pelvis when walking to permit opposite leg to clear ground

Gluteus minimus action

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Iliac crest

Tensor fasciae latae origin

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Iliotibial tract

Tensor fasciae latae insertion

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Superior gluteal nerve

Tensor fasciae latae nerve

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Assists gluteus maximus in extending the knee joint

Tensor fasciae latae action

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Anterior surface of sacrum

Piriformis origin

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Upper border of greater trochanter femur

Piriformis insertion

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First and second sacral nerves

Piriformis nerve

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Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint

Piriformis action

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Inner surface of obturator membrane

Obturator internus origin

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Upper border of greater trochanter of femur

Obturator internus insertion

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Sacral plexus

Obturator internus nerve

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Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint

Obturator internus action

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Spine of ischium

Gemellus superior origin

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Upper border of greater trochanter of femur

Gemellus superior insertion

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Sacral plexus

Gemellus superior nerve

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Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint

Gemellus superior action

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Ischial tuberosity

Gemellus inferior origin

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Upper border of greater trochanter of femur

Gemellus inferior insertion

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Sacral plexus

Gemellus inferior nerve

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Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint

Gemellus inferior action

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Lateral border of ischial tuberosity

Quadratus femoris origin

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Quadrate tubercle of femur

Quadratus femoris insertion

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Sacral plexus

Quadratus femoris nerve

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Lateral rotator of thigh at hip joint

Quadratus femoris action

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