Chem Ch.4 Element Info

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Hydrogen

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30 Terms

1

Hydrogen

the most abundant element in the universe

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2

Helium

the second most abundant element in the universe

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3

Lithium

lightest of all metals

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4

Carbon

highest melting point of all elements

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5

Nitrogen

the most abundant element in the earth's atmosphere

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6

Oxygen

the most abundant element on earth and in your body

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7

Fluorine

the most reactive element

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8

Neon

used in advertising signs

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9

Sodium

the most common of all alkali metals

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10

Aluminum

The most abundant metal on earth, it is infinitely recyclable

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11

Silicon

the second most abundant element on earth

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12

Phosphorus

in DNA, RNA, ATP, and ADP

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13

Chlorine

the active ingredient in bleach

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14

Argon

the 3rd most abundant element in the earths atmosphere

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15

titanium

strongest metal

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16

Iron

the most useful, cheapest, and easiest metal to obtain on earth

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17

Copper

human kind's oldest metal, second best electrical and heat conductor

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18

Zinc

When mixed with copper, creates brass

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19

Selenium

used in night vision equipment

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20

Silver

the best conductor of electricity and heat

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21

Tin

when mixed with copper, makes bronze

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22

Xenon

the only noble gas to form compounds

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23

Cesium

used in accurate atomic clocks

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24

Tungsten

has the highest melting point of any metal

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25

Gold

Most malleable and ductile

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26

Mercury

the only metal that is liquid at room temperature

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27

Lead

heaviest and softest of all metals

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28

Radon

causes lung cancer when exposed to large doses as is the case in many homes

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29

Uranium

used in the "Little Boy" bomb that destroyed Hiroshima

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30

Plutonium

produced in breeder reactors

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