Ch 1 - Intro 2 Psych

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Mind

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13 Terms
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Mind

private inner experience (how we think and perceive the world)

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Behavior

observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals (what we see and how we represents ourselves)

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Psychology

the scientific study of the mind and behavior

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Nativism

certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn (Plato)

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Nature

biological endowment

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Philosophical Empiricism

all knowledge is acquired through experience (Aristotle)

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Nurture

environments influence our development (physical and social environments)

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Functionalism

study how mental abilities allow people to adapt to their environments

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William James

believed in functionalism: intelligence based on adaptability, how mind functions, compared individual difference, etc

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Structuralism

analyze the mind by breaking it down into its basic components

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Wilhelm Wundt

believed in structuralism

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Consciousness

a persons subjective experience of the world and the mind

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Introspection

the subjective observation of one's own experience

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