What is Geography?
In basic terms, geography is the study of the surface of the world. It shows the relationship between the environments and the people.
Simple Geography of the World
There are 7 continents and 5 oceans in the world.
Continents (matching with number):
Oceans (number 1 would be 8):
5 themes of geography-
The place where something is located
It could be classified further into absolute location, or relative location
Absolute Location: Exact coordinates of a place
Relative Location: Describes the landmarks around a certain place
What is the place like?
This includes: Physical features or Human environment
Physical features include: Climate (hot/cold), Landforms (mountains, lakes, etc.)
Human environments include: Population size, Things that the people do there, etc.
Human Interaction(with the Environment)
The ways in which the environment affected us, and the ways in which we've changed the environment
Examples: We've affected the environment via pollution, cutting trees, industrialization
Environment affected us by: providing us access to different resources, agriculture, different places/landforms
The way in which people, ideas, and goods move from one place to another
Examples from today: K-pop (Korea to world), Anime (Japan to world)
The groupings of countries depending on similar cultures, languages, landforms, and more
Example: Egypt might geographically be in Africa, but people might see it as a part of the Middle East because it's culturally related to them more.
Miscellaneous Information about Geography:
Barriers and Conduits
Barriers are a hassle for people, they would limit movement and prevent interactions with people
Examples of Barriers: Mountains, Deserts, Oceans
China and India: Himalaya Mountains were hard to get across, so there was limited communication between the 2 countries in the past
Conduits help people interact with each other, they promote movement
Examples of Conduits: Oasis (fertile spot in a desert), Trade winds, Mountain pass
A natural/artificial feature of earth, or it's the way a place is presented (how the terrain looks)
Examples of main ones would be: mountains, oceans, valleys, volcanos, plains, plateaus, deserts
Two themes of Humanity (the ways in which people move)
Coming together to a same area
This saying, people would bring different ideas/cultures, etc. and share them with each other.
People spreading out to different places
People from the same area would spread out to other areas, bringing their ideas along with them
Example: As humans, we all started off in Africa, and slowly spread out, each one of us developing different traits and such.
Parts of a Globe
Latitude and Longitude
These are the invisible lines on the globe, but on some maps, they're drawn out so that we could pinpoint an exact location, or the coordinates of a place, on a map
Latitude are the lines that go horizontally, from West to East
Longitude are the vertical lines that go from pole to pole, or from North to South
To write coordinates, we usually write the latitude first, then longitude (Latitude, Longitude)
The central latitude (horizontal) line that is basically 0 degrees, separating the North and the South of the Globe
Equally distant from the North/South Poles
The central longitude (vertical) that is also basically 0 degrees, but separating the West and East of the Globe
It's the northmost part of the world, at the very top.
Basically the whole of Arctic
Opposite of the North Pole, it's the southernmost part of the world, at the very bottom.
It's basically the whole of Antarctica
North of the Equator, it's the northern parts of the world
Latitude wise, it's 0 to 90 degrees N
South of the Equator, meaning that it's the southern parts of the world
Latitude wise, it's 0 to -90 degrees S
Separated by the Prime Meridian, it's the Eastern side of the world
Longitude wise, it's 0 to 180 degrees E
Again, separated by the Prime Meridian, it's the Western side of the world
Longitude wise, it's 0 to -180 degrees W