Congress quickly moved to the establishment of State affairs departments and was soon elected by Washington as State Secretary Thomas Jefferson
The first session of congress saw a major piece of legislation which was the Judiciary Act of 1789 implemented by Congress the Constitution's judicial clause
The new government had important fiscal and economic affairs.
After all, in episodes such as Shays' rebellion it was the economic crisis and consequently the unrest which had provided the new Constitution with momentum.
The government took the power in a condition of virtual bankruptcy when it lacked income and faced massive national debt during the revolution.
In relation to American foreign policy the conflict between Hamilton and Jefferson grew even more bitter.
The fall of the French monarchy was welcomed enthusiastically by most Americans.
This inconsistent policy has been pursued by the new federal government.
The Congress adopted in 1790 the Intercourse Act, the fundamental law that "regulated trade and relations with the Indian tribes."
The act proclaimed public agreements between the United States and the Indian nations the only means of obtaining Indian land, in an attempt to clarify the disturbing problem of Indian sovereignty.
Spain has introduced a liberal reform to revive the governmental bureaucracy of its American empire under the dynamic leadership of King Carlos III and his able ministers.
Great Britain and Spain secret agents tried to persuade American settlers to abandon the Union and join Canada or Florida.
The strengthened United States position in the West finally encouraged the British, in order to focus on the Republican France's defeat, to settle their dispute with the US.
Hamilton's conception of American neutrality has been established by the Treaty of Jay.
At a time when Washington considered it a state of siege, it was the "Whiskey Rebellion."
Washington published a "Farewell Address" to the nation during the last months of its term.