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Market Revolution, Louisiana Purchase, War of 1812, and Foreign Policy

Market Revolution, Louisiana Purchase, War of 1812, and Foreign Policy

Market Revolution:

  • Change in commerce and economics

  • Become more industrial

  • Increased in manufacturing

  • Increased in trade market expansion

  • Increased in commercial production

  • But overall still largely a rural agricultural nation

  • Raw materials moving east

  • Final good moving west

  • Trading north and south on the Mississippi and by the Atlantic

  • More transportation and communication

  • Canals, roads, steamboats

  • Issues: knitting the regions together into an integrated economic system, transportation, access to capital, infant industries, desire to be more self-sufficient, what is the role of the national gov vs state?

  • North West:

    • Rich farming land and favorable access to transportation

    • Large scale agriculture (mechanized)

    • corn/wheat

    • Less labor-intensive

    • John Dear invented the plow

    • Cyrus McCormick invented the reaper

    • Dairy

    • Resources like iron ore and lumber

  • North East:

    • Increase in manufacturing

    • Factory system

    • Textiles

    • machines/tools

    • Wage labor

    • Population increase

    • More towns/cities

    • Immigration increase from Ireland, Germany, Scandinavia

    • Frances Cabot Lowell created the first factory system and town company

    • Lowell Mill Girls

    • Samuel Slater invented water powered sewing mills

  • South East:

    • Small and large scale agriculture

    • Relies on slave labor

  • South West:

    • Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin

    • Cotton Kingdom makes for an increase in slave labor


North vs South:

Nature of economic system developing in the North:

  • Industry based economy

  • Trade and manufacturing as the North had large centers for trade and small scale agriculture

  • Aimed to support businesses and grow the economy by getting rid of debt


Nature of economic system developing in the South:

  • Agricultural based economy

  • Southern states relied on their large scale agriculture to bring them money

  • Populated by farmers and plantation owners


  • Northern Economy:

    • Strengths:

      • Experiencing the beginning of a manufacturing revolution

      • Producing manufactured goods (mass production)

      • Samuel Slater - 1st mechanized textile factory in RI

      • Francis Cabot Lowell - weaving factory in MA

      • New methods of transportation (canals, roads) which brought goods to and from north

      • Old Northwest developed mechanized farming practices

      • Cyrus McCormick - reaper

      • John Deere - steel plow

      • A new national currency that enables the north to trade with the south and west

    • Weaknesses:

      • Poor soil

      • Low crop production

      • Little livestock in the East

  • Southern Economy:

    • Strengths:

      • Good and rich soil for plantation farming

      • Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin increased demand for slavery increased productivity

      • Use of the Mississippi River for transportation of goods between north and south economies

    • Weaknesses:

      • Little development for manufactured goods

      • Heavy intense labor needed to run the plantations smoothly in the south


LA Purchase:

  • Dubbed the land

  • Gave access to the Mississippi River (transportation)

  • Gave access to natural resources/diversity in raw materials

  • Favorable land laws lead to an increase in access to that land

  • Expansion in geography and demographics west


War of 1812:

  • Settled boundaries in the north with Britain

  • More stable/secure trade expansion 

  • Increased territorial integrity

  • Increased feelings of nationalism

  • Increased self-sufficiency



Foreign Policy:

  • A country’s actions, words, and beliefs towards other countries

  • Goals:

    • Protect America/Americans

    • Support economic growth and human rights around the world

    • Increase support for American values like democracy/freedom

  • The president usually initiates foreign policies and Congress follows up

Foreign Aid:

  • The help or acceptance that we give to other countries usually through our Department of State

  • Goals:

    • Create friendship abroad 

    • Foster future trading partners

Military:

  • Country’s troops led by president aka Commander in Chief

  • Goals:

    • Prevent war

    • Protect the US

  • Department of Defense:

    • Army 

    • Navy 

    • Air force

    • Marines

Treaties:

  • Formal agreement between countries that must be followed like laws

  • President is responsible for negotiation and signing treaties

  • All treaties must be approved by ⅔ of the Senate


Roles/Powers:

Ⅱ. What is the Constitutional basis for our nation’s role in world affairs?

Ⅲ. Who are the key participants in designing the nationa’s role in international affairs?

President:

  • Foreign aid - makes recommendations on and signs or vetos bills into laws

  • Military - as commander in chief can send troops around the world

  • Treaties - negotiates and signs treaties


Congress:

  • Foreign aid - writes and passes bills

  • Military - declares war

  • Treaties - ⅔ of the Senate must approve


Executive Branch:

  • Negotiate a treaty with another country

  • Send someone to a foreign country to talk

  • Decided that the US should send aid to a country after an earthquake

  • Pass a bill authorizing the money to be sent to that country

  • Decided not to participate in a conference with other countries


Legislative Branch:

  • Approve treaties once it’s been negotiated

  • Refuse to pass a bill to send aid to a country in need

  • Declare war on a country


Judicial Branch:

  • Decide that the treaty is unconstitutional 


Market Revolution, Louisiana Purchase, War of 1812, and Foreign Policy

Market Revolution:

  • Change in commerce and economics

  • Become more industrial

  • Increased in manufacturing

  • Increased in trade market expansion

  • Increased in commercial production

  • But overall still largely a rural agricultural nation

  • Raw materials moving east

  • Final good moving west

  • Trading north and south on the Mississippi and by the Atlantic

  • More transportation and communication

  • Canals, roads, steamboats

  • Issues: knitting the regions together into an integrated economic system, transportation, access to capital, infant industries, desire to be more self-sufficient, what is the role of the national gov vs state?

  • North West:

    • Rich farming land and favorable access to transportation

    • Large scale agriculture (mechanized)

    • corn/wheat

    • Less labor-intensive

    • John Dear invented the plow

    • Cyrus McCormick invented the reaper

    • Dairy

    • Resources like iron ore and lumber

  • North East:

    • Increase in manufacturing

    • Factory system

    • Textiles

    • machines/tools

    • Wage labor

    • Population increase

    • More towns/cities

    • Immigration increase from Ireland, Germany, Scandinavia

    • Frances Cabot Lowell created the first factory system and town company

    • Lowell Mill Girls

    • Samuel Slater invented water powered sewing mills

  • South East:

    • Small and large scale agriculture

    • Relies on slave labor

  • South West:

    • Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin

    • Cotton Kingdom makes for an increase in slave labor


North vs South:

Nature of economic system developing in the North:

  • Industry based economy

  • Trade and manufacturing as the North had large centers for trade and small scale agriculture

  • Aimed to support businesses and grow the economy by getting rid of debt


Nature of economic system developing in the South:

  • Agricultural based economy

  • Southern states relied on their large scale agriculture to bring them money

  • Populated by farmers and plantation owners


  • Northern Economy:

    • Strengths:

      • Experiencing the beginning of a manufacturing revolution

      • Producing manufactured goods (mass production)

      • Samuel Slater - 1st mechanized textile factory in RI

      • Francis Cabot Lowell - weaving factory in MA

      • New methods of transportation (canals, roads) which brought goods to and from north

      • Old Northwest developed mechanized farming practices

      • Cyrus McCormick - reaper

      • John Deere - steel plow

      • A new national currency that enables the north to trade with the south and west

    • Weaknesses:

      • Poor soil

      • Low crop production

      • Little livestock in the East

  • Southern Economy:

    • Strengths:

      • Good and rich soil for plantation farming

      • Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin increased demand for slavery increased productivity

      • Use of the Mississippi River for transportation of goods between north and south economies

    • Weaknesses:

      • Little development for manufactured goods

      • Heavy intense labor needed to run the plantations smoothly in the south


LA Purchase:

  • Dubbed the land

  • Gave access to the Mississippi River (transportation)

  • Gave access to natural resources/diversity in raw materials

  • Favorable land laws lead to an increase in access to that land

  • Expansion in geography and demographics west


War of 1812:

  • Settled boundaries in the north with Britain

  • More stable/secure trade expansion 

  • Increased territorial integrity

  • Increased feelings of nationalism

  • Increased self-sufficiency



Foreign Policy:

  • A country’s actions, words, and beliefs towards other countries

  • Goals:

    • Protect America/Americans

    • Support economic growth and human rights around the world

    • Increase support for American values like democracy/freedom

  • The president usually initiates foreign policies and Congress follows up

Foreign Aid:

  • The help or acceptance that we give to other countries usually through our Department of State

  • Goals:

    • Create friendship abroad 

    • Foster future trading partners

Military:

  • Country’s troops led by president aka Commander in Chief

  • Goals:

    • Prevent war

    • Protect the US

  • Department of Defense:

    • Army 

    • Navy 

    • Air force

    • Marines

Treaties:

  • Formal agreement between countries that must be followed like laws

  • President is responsible for negotiation and signing treaties

  • All treaties must be approved by ⅔ of the Senate


Roles/Powers:

Ⅱ. What is the Constitutional basis for our nation’s role in world affairs?

Ⅲ. Who are the key participants in designing the nationa’s role in international affairs?

President:

  • Foreign aid - makes recommendations on and signs or vetos bills into laws

  • Military - as commander in chief can send troops around the world

  • Treaties - negotiates and signs treaties


Congress:

  • Foreign aid - writes and passes bills

  • Military - declares war

  • Treaties - ⅔ of the Senate must approve


Executive Branch:

  • Negotiate a treaty with another country

  • Send someone to a foreign country to talk

  • Decided that the US should send aid to a country after an earthquake

  • Pass a bill authorizing the money to be sent to that country

  • Decided not to participate in a conference with other countries


Legislative Branch:

  • Approve treaties once it’s been negotiated

  • Refuse to pass a bill to send aid to a country in need

  • Declare war on a country


Judicial Branch:

  • Decide that the treaty is unconstitutional