The headquarters of the local chapter, known as "the Grange," was the main social centre, the venue of summer dinners and winter dances in many farming communities.
A series of so-called Granger laws, establishing maximum shipping rates, responded by several Mid-Western states in 1874 to pressure.
In the 1880s, in addition to the cooperative commodity trade of crops, the South Farmers' Alliance founded cooperative storage plants which were a viable alternative to the capitalist market – only temporarily.
More than six million workers would strike before the end of the century in industries from New England textiles to southern tobacco plants to western mines.
She presided over the Christian Woman's Temperance Union from 1878 to her death in 1897.
The Farmers Alliance convened a meeting in Ocala, Florida in December 1890 to press for the establishment of the national third party
In Chicago, the World's Exposition of Columbians celebrated Columbus's "A show about civilisation's progress in the New World" four hundredth anniversary.
In 1885 a prestigious comment was made by the Social Gospeler Josiah Strong, minister of the congregation.
Not only missionaries were focusing on distant lands, businesses and political leaders, meaning new markets.
The independence movement started in Cuba in the mid-1860s, when Spain, its ruined empire, started to impose steep tax on the island.
There was no mass movement to prevent U.S. expansion, but prominent figures such as MarkTwain, Andrew Carnegie, William Jennings Bryan, and Harvard philosopher William James strongly expressed their opposition.