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WW1

John J. Pershing- General, Commander of the AEF, gave 93rd infantry division to the french, lead battle of Argonne Forest

Self- Determination- the right to choose your own government

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk- Between Russia and Germany, ended war on Germany’s east front, Russia gave up Ukraine, Polish and Baltic territories

Selective Service- Draft service in America, men ages 21-30

Daylights Savings Time- Advancing clocks in warm months so darkness falls later in cold months

Sedition Act of 1918- illegal to speak against the war publicly

Espionage Act of 1917- illegal to aid the enemy, give false reports, or interfere with the war effort

Espionage- Spying, especially to gain government secrets

No Man’s Land- land between trenches filled with barbed wires

Dough boys- American soldiers, inexperienced, fresh, and eager to fight

Convoy- A group that travels with something, such as a ship, to protect it

Reparations- payment by the losing country in a war to the winner for the damages caused by the war

Treaty of Versailles- Ended WW1, signed by Germany, NOT America, Reparations, weakened Germany’s armed forces, less land for Germany

Nationalism- Loyalty and devotion to a nation

The Zimmerman Telegram- Germany asked Mexico to attack America

WW1 New technology- machine guns, tanks, u-boats, first time airplanes are used for war

The 14 Points- Peace plan made by President Wilson, League of Nations, free trade, freedom of seas, open diplomacy, disarmament of Germany, national self determination

November 11, 1918- Armistice was signed to stop fighting

Vladimir Lenin- Seized power and established a communist government, agreed to the treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Warren G. Harding- Republican candidate called for a “return for normalcy,” won the 1920 election by a landslide

Chicago race riots- frustration and racism combined to make violence, 38 died, 500 injured

General strike- A strike involving all the workers in a particular geographic location

Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand- Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, assassinated by Gavrilo Princip

Gavrilo Princip- Assassinated Arch duke Franz Ferdinand, black hand

The Lusitania- May 17, 1915 A passenger ship sunk by German u-boats, 128 Americans died

CPI- Committee on Public Information to “sell,” the war to the American people

Food Administration- victory gardens, meatless Mondays, wheat-less Tuesdays, led by Herbert Hoover

Fuel Administration- Heatless Mondays, conservation of coal and oil, led by Harry Garfield

The Sussex Pledge- Germany agreed not to sink merchant ships without warning, to keep America out of the war

The Great Migration- Largest migration of African Americans from southern to northern states

Members of the Allies- America, France, Britain, Italy, Russia

Members of the Central Powers- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

Causes of World War 1- Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Assassination

Factors that led to US involvement in WW1- Sinking of Lusitania, Zimmerman Telegram, Propaganda

AN

WW1

John J. Pershing- General, Commander of the AEF, gave 93rd infantry division to the french, lead battle of Argonne Forest

Self- Determination- the right to choose your own government

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk- Between Russia and Germany, ended war on Germany’s east front, Russia gave up Ukraine, Polish and Baltic territories

Selective Service- Draft service in America, men ages 21-30

Daylights Savings Time- Advancing clocks in warm months so darkness falls later in cold months

Sedition Act of 1918- illegal to speak against the war publicly

Espionage Act of 1917- illegal to aid the enemy, give false reports, or interfere with the war effort

Espionage- Spying, especially to gain government secrets

No Man’s Land- land between trenches filled with barbed wires

Dough boys- American soldiers, inexperienced, fresh, and eager to fight

Convoy- A group that travels with something, such as a ship, to protect it

Reparations- payment by the losing country in a war to the winner for the damages caused by the war

Treaty of Versailles- Ended WW1, signed by Germany, NOT America, Reparations, weakened Germany’s armed forces, less land for Germany

Nationalism- Loyalty and devotion to a nation

The Zimmerman Telegram- Germany asked Mexico to attack America

WW1 New technology- machine guns, tanks, u-boats, first time airplanes are used for war

The 14 Points- Peace plan made by President Wilson, League of Nations, free trade, freedom of seas, open diplomacy, disarmament of Germany, national self determination

November 11, 1918- Armistice was signed to stop fighting

Vladimir Lenin- Seized power and established a communist government, agreed to the treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Warren G. Harding- Republican candidate called for a “return for normalcy,” won the 1920 election by a landslide

Chicago race riots- frustration and racism combined to make violence, 38 died, 500 injured

General strike- A strike involving all the workers in a particular geographic location

Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand- Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, assassinated by Gavrilo Princip

Gavrilo Princip- Assassinated Arch duke Franz Ferdinand, black hand

The Lusitania- May 17, 1915 A passenger ship sunk by German u-boats, 128 Americans died

CPI- Committee on Public Information to “sell,” the war to the American people

Food Administration- victory gardens, meatless Mondays, wheat-less Tuesdays, led by Herbert Hoover

Fuel Administration- Heatless Mondays, conservation of coal and oil, led by Harry Garfield

The Sussex Pledge- Germany agreed not to sink merchant ships without warning, to keep America out of the war

The Great Migration- Largest migration of African Americans from southern to northern states

Members of the Allies- America, France, Britain, Italy, Russia

Members of the Central Powers- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

Causes of World War 1- Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Assassination

Factors that led to US involvement in WW1- Sinking of Lusitania, Zimmerman Telegram, Propaganda