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Chapter 9 - Geographies of Food and Agriculture

Traditional Agriculture Practices

  • Traditional agricultural practices used to be dominated by subsistence farming, shifting cultivation, and pastoralism. They are still used today but are now used alongside more mechanized forms

  • Globalization has transformed farming households in the core, periphery and semi periphery

Three Revolutionary Phases of Agricultural Development

  • The first phase involved domesticating animals and seeds

  • The second revolves around improving outputs and innovations for making farming more efficient such as an improved yoke for oxen

  • The third is based on inputs to production such as fertilizers and. Field drainage systems

  • The three revolutionary phases have not occurred simultaneously throughout the globe but have been adopted and adapted to differing degrees based on levels of development, culture, and physical geography

Transforming Agriculture

  • Two of the most important forces behind agricultural transforms are multinational and transnational corporations and states

  • Institutions like the World Trade Center and regional associations Luke the European Union have also been important influences

  • The organizations has industrialized, impacts have multiplied and spread so that some parts of the globe are at crisis stage

  • In some regions the agricultural system has led to overproduction of crops, while in others the quantity and quality is several limited by physical constraints and environmental degradation

Argo-Commodity System

  • The farm is no longer the central piece in the chain of agricultural organization but one off several important compounds that include seed and fertilizer manufacturers, for processors and distributors, and consumers

  • The structure of agriculture is composed of five central and connected sectors (inputs, production, processing, distribution, and consumption with four contextual elements acting as external forces) (the state, international trade, physical environment and credit and finance)

Traditional Agriculture Practices

  • Traditional agricultural practices used to be dominated by subsistence farming, shifting cultivation, and pastoralism. They are still used today but are now used alongside more mechanized forms

  • Globalization has transformed farming households in the core, periphery and semi periphery

Three Revolutionary Phases of Agricultural Development

  • The first phase involved domesticating animals and seeds

  • The second revolves around improving outputs and innovations for making farming more efficient such as an improved yoke for oxen

  • The third is based on inputs to production such as fertilizers and. Field drainage systems

  • The three revolutionary phases have not occurred simultaneously throughout the globe but have been adopted and adapted to differing degrees based on levels of development, culture, and physical geography

Transforming Agriculture

  • Two of the most important forces behind agricultural transforms are multinational and transnational corporations and states

  • Institutions like the World Trade Center and regional associations Luke the European Union have also been important influences

  • The organizations has industrialized, impacts have multiplied and spread so that some parts of the globe are at crisis stage

  • In some regions the agricultural system has led to overproduction of crops, while in others the quantity and quality is several limited by physical constraints and environmental degradation

Argo-Commodity System

  • The farm is no longer the central piece in the chain of agricultural organization but one off several important compounds that include seed and fertilizer manufacturers, for processors and distributors, and consumers

  • The structure of agriculture is composed of five central and connected sectors (inputs, production, processing, distribution, and consumption with four contextual elements acting as external forces) (the state, international trade, physical environment and credit and finance)