24. Institutionen des öffentlichen Lebens

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(cuerpo de) bomberos (m) / bombero (m)

Feuerwehr / Feuerwehrmann

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abandonar

verlassen

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abogado/-a

Anwalt / Anwältin

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agente (m, f) de policía

Polizeibeamter / Polizeibeamte

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ambulancia (f)

Rettung / Rettungswagen

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Amnistía Internacional

Amnesty International

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apreciar / despreciar

wertschätzen / geringschätzen / verachten

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aprecio (m) / desprecio (m)

Wertschätzung / Verachtung

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arriesgarse la vida

das Leben riskieren

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asociación (f)

Verein / Verband

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asociación (f) protectora de los animales

Tierschutzverein

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aumentar / aumento (m)

vergrößern / ansteigen / Anstieg

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ayudar a las víctimas

den Opfern helfen

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bote (m) salvavidas

Rettungsboot

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budismo (m)

Buddhismus

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burlarse de

sich lustig machen über

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captador/-a de socios

Freiwilliger / Freiwillige, der/ die für eine Organisation Mitglieder wirbt

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cárcel (m)

Gefängnis

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cauteloso/-a

vorsichtig / behutsam

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chantaje (f) / hacer chantaje

Erpressung / erpressen

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clandestino/-a

heimlich

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comercio (m) justo

Fair Trade

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comisaría (f) de policía

Polizeikommissariat

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comprometerse en una ONG / en un partido político

sich in einer NGO/ einer politischen Partei engagieren

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compromiso (m)

Engagement / Verpflichtung

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Comunidad (f) Autónoma

Autonome Gemeinschaft, vergleichbar: Bundesland

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conceder asilo (m) político

politisches Asyl gewähren

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condena (f) perpetua

lebenslängliche Verurteilung / Strafe

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contrabando (m) / contrabandista

Schmuggel / Schmuggler/-in

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cristianismo (m)

Christentum

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Cruz (f) Roja

Rotes Kreuz

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cuidar de un animal

ein Tier betreuen

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democracia (f) parlamentaria

parlamentarische Demokratie

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derechos (m) humanos

Menschenrechte

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desafío (m) / reto (m)

Herausforderung

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donar

spenden

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ejército (m)

Heer

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elecciones (f)

Wahlen

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emergencia (f)

Notfall

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especie (f) en peligro de extinción

(vom Aussterben) bedrohte Tierart

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etapa (f) de transición

Übergangsperiode

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expulsar del país

hinauswerfen / abschieben

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fiscal (m)

Staatsanwalt / Staatsanwältin

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golpe (m) de estado / militar

Staatsstreich / Militärputsch

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guardia (f) costera

Küstenwache

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guerra (f)

Krieg

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Guerra (f) Civil

Bürgerkrieg

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hacerse miembro / ser miembro de

Mitglied werden/ sein

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hinduismo (m)

Hinduismus

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hostil / hostilidad (f)

feindselig / Feindseligkeit / Feindschaft

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ir a votar

wählen / zur Wahl gehen

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islam (m)

Islam

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jefe (m) de estado / jefe de gobierno

Staatschef / Regierungschef

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judaísmo (m)

Judentum

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juez (m,f)

Richter / Richterin

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la iglesia católica / evangélica / protestante

katholische / evangelische Kirche

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luchar contra / por

kämpfen gegen / für

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maltratar

misshandeln

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manifestación (f)

Demonstration

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médico/-a de urgencias

Notarzt / Notärztin

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Médicos sin Fronteras

Ärzte ohne Grenzen

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monarquía (f) constitucional / parlamentaria

konstitutionelle / parlamentarische Monarchie

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movimiento (m) ecologista

Umweltbewegung

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negociar / entrar en negocios (m)

verhandeln / in Verhandlungen treten

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ONG (Organización no gubernamental)

NGO (Nicht-Regierungsorganisation)

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país (m) de origen / país de destino

Herkunftsland / Zielland

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partido (m) de derecha / izquierda / del centro / central

rechte / linke Partei / Partei der Mitte

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patera (f)

kleines Boot, typ. Flüchtlingsboot

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papeleo (m) (ugs.)

Papierkram

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paz (f)

Friede

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permiso de trabajo / de residencia

Arbeitserlaubnis / Aufenthaltsgenehmigung

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persecución (f) política

politische Verfolgung

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presidente (m) / presidenta (f) del gobierno

Ministerpräsident / Ministerpräsidentin

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preso/-a político/-a

politischer Gefangener / politische Gefangene

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prestar los primeros auxilios

erste Hilfe leisten

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protector/-a (f) de animales

Tierschützer / Tierschützerin

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proteger a las personas y la propiedad

Personen und Eigentum schützen

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proteger el medio ambiente

die Umwelt schützen

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refugiarse / refugiado/-a

fliehen / Flüchtling

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refugiarse, escaparse

flüchten / entkommen

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refugio (m) de animales / centro de acogida de animales

Tierheim

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rescatar / rescate (m)

befreien / retten / Befreiung

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responsabilidad (f) compartida

gemeinsame / geteilte Verantwortung

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Rey (m) de España

König von Spanien

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ser ateo/-a

Atheist / Atheistin sein

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servicio (m) religioso / misa (f)

Gottesdienst (evangelisch / katholisch)

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sindicato (m)

Gewerkschaft

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solidaridad (f)

Solidarität

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soportar / aguantar

aushalten / ertragen

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sostenible

nachhaltig

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sufrimiento (m) / sufrir de

Leiden / leiden an

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tomar medidas (f)

Maßnahmen setzen

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tortura (f)

Folter

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trabajo (m) infantil

Kinderarbeit

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tribunal (m) / juzgado (m) / juicio (m)

Gericht / Gericht(sverfahren) / Meinung

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UE (Unión Europea)

EU

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visado (m), visa (f) (LA)

Visum

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voluntariado (m)

freiwilliger Hilfsdienst

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voluntario/-a

freiwilliger Helfer, freiwillige Helferin

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Quiero denunciar un robo.

Ich möchte einen Diebstahl / Raub anzeigen.

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